What was the significane of Hammurabi's Code?
What was the "polis" and why was it significant to the development of Greece?
Greek city-state. Significant because it gave men the right to vote
What were the "pros" of the polis?
Same language and same religion
What was the significance of the Persian Wars and who fought in them?
The Greeks, much smaller than Persia, rebelled against the Persians because of taxes., and Greece won
How did the Peloponnesian War impact the Greek world?
Conflict between Sparta and Greece
Why was Alexander the Great called "the Great"? What did he do that was so remarkable?
Created the largest empire ever
In what ways was Alexander the Great significant for the future of the western world?
What are the important elements of the Roman republican political structure?
superior military, political stability, loyalty, and they treated conquered people well
What were the "Patrician" and "Plebeian" classes?
Patrician: controlled government
Plebian: did not control gov
What social problems did Rome experience as a result of its victories in the Punic Wars?
Decrease in small land owners, the growth of slave labor, and large farms as replacements for small farms
Who were the Gracchi brothers? How are they significant to our understanding of the decline of the Roman republic?
Plebian tribunes. Significant becaause they attempted to reform the Roman Republic
Who were the members of the First and Second "Triumvirates"?
1st: Julius Ceaser, Pompey, and Crassus
2nd: Gauis Octavian, Marc Antony, and Ledius
What role did Julius Caesar play in the decline of the Roman Republic?
He favored the common people over the nobles which angered the upper class
Who was Gaius Octavian (a.k.a. Augustus Caesar) and what is his historical significance in Roman history?
Ended Romes republic and created a newc government
What were the major engineering and technological developments carried out by Rome during this period?
Bridges, roads , and aquaducts,
What was the significance of Emperor Constantine?
First Christian Emperor
Why did Christianity pose such a threat to the Roman political leaders?
Why was Chrisitanity so popular?
promised an afterlife with God
What are the reasons for the decline and eventual collapse of the Roman Empire?
Barbarian invasions, rising taxes, spread of dieseases, spread of chrisitanity