A break in Earth's crust where rocks have slipped past each other is called a
Continental crust consists mainly of the rock
the process by which oceanic crust sinks beneath trenches.
Earth's lithosphere is broken into separate sections called
The transfer of energy trhough empty space is called
What erupts through the valley of the mid-ocean ridge
Heat transfer by the movement of a heated fluid is called
What is the part of the mantle that can bend like plastic
Device that bounces sound waves off underwater objects and records the echoes of the sound waves
Movement of energy from a warmer object to a cooler object
Soft layer of the mantle
Rock that makes up the core of the continents
Measure of how much mass there is in a volume of a substance
Earths great land masses
Any change in the volume or shape of Earth's crust is called
Which type of seismic wave arrives first at a seismograph
The point beneath Earth's surface where the crust breaks and triggers an earthquake is called the
Which stress force pulls on the crust and stretches rock
An instrument used to measure and record ground movements during an earthquake is called a
What process occurs when an earthquake's shaking turns loose soil into mud
Put the types of seismic waves in order that they arrive to Earth's surface
A fold in rock that bends upward into an arch is an
A fold in the rock that bends downward is a
The type of stress force that produces a strike-slip fault is
Compression, tension, and shearing are three types of ______ that cause deformation of the crust.
Water displaced by an undersea earthquake may produce
The molten mixture of rock-forming substances, gases, and water deep in Earth's mantle is called
The _________ is a belt of volcanoes around the rim of the Pacific Ocean
Ring of Fire
The more _______ that magma contains, the thicker the magma is.
True or False: A "caldera" is a weak spot in the crust where magma comes through
false - volcano
True or False: A "hot spring" is a hot water and steam that erupts from the ground.
false - geyser
True or False: When the top of a volcanic mountain collapses, a "crater" forms.
false - caldera
An area where magma melts through the crust in the middle of a plate is called a
Inside a volcano, magma collects in a pocket called
Name three factors that have an affect on how thick or thin magma is?
temperature, gas content, silica content
A volcano that is erupting or has shown signs that it may erupt in the future is called
A naturally occurring inorganic solid that has a crystal structure
A mixture which one substance is dissolved in another
The process by which ore is melted to separate the useful metal from other elements
A hard colorful mineral that has a bright glossy luster
Rock that contains a metal or economically useful mineral
A substance composed of a single kind of atom
The way a mineral reflects light from its surface
A substance in which two or more elements are chemically joined
A scale ranking ten mineral from softest to hardest; used in testing the hardness of minerals
Mohs Hardness Scale
Earthy, silky, waxy, metallic and pearly are terms used to describe a mineral's _______________
A ________ is a narrow channel or slab of a mineral that is sharply different from the surrounding rock.
The minerals that make up most of the rocks of Earth's crust are called
The size of a mineral's crystals depends on
the rate of cooling of the magma or solution from which the mineral formed.
In a process called _______, an ore is melted to separate the useful metal from other elements in the ore.
Used to make "copper" pennies, brass, and nails
used to make fluoride toothpaste, pottery, and hydrofluoric acid
Used to produce 56% of electricity in the US
used in photography, chemistry, jewelry, coins, mirrors, and silverware
The process in which water or wind loosen and carry away rock fragments
The process that presses sediments together
The process by which sediment settles out of wind or water
The process in which dissolved minerals crystallize and glue sediments together
Granite, basalt, and pumice are examples of what kind of rock?
Sedimentary Rocks are formed by a process. What is the order for the process?
Erosion, Deposition, Compaction, Cementation
The _________ is a series of processes on Earth's surface and inside the planet that slowly change rocks from one kind to another.
As metamorphic rocks are being formed, collisions between Earth's plates can push rocks down toward the heat of the
These types of rocks are formed by heat and pressure deep beneath Earth's surface.
What are the three major groups of rocks?
Igneous, Sedimentary, Metamorphic
The living parts of an ecosystem are called
All the living and nonliving things that interact in a particular area are an
The study of how living things interact with each other and with their environment is called_____.
_____________ is the struggle between organisms to survive in a habitat with limited resource.
The place where an organism lives and that provides the things an organism needs is called its _____________
________________ involves one organism living on or inside another organism and harming it
Which of the following is NOT an example of a population:
the ants in an anthill
the pets in your neighborhood
the people in a city?
the pets in your neighborhood
An organism's specific role in its habitat is called its
True or False : All the threes in a forest make up a population