(7)Which of the following is NOT a reason for the decline of the abbasid dynasty by the ninth century A.D.?
The collapse of the cities in the islamic heartland.
(7)Which statement is TRUE regarding Caliph al-mahdi and the problem of succession in the abbasid dynasty?
He failed to resolve the problem of dynastic succession with disastrous results.
(7)How did the administration of al-rashid set a trend for subsequent abbasid rulers?
He was at the outset of his regin heavily dependent on persian advisors, a practice that became commonplace thereafter.
(7)What accounts for the disruption of the agriculture economy of the abbasid empire?
Spiralling taxation, the destruction of the irrigation works, and pillaging by mercenary armies led to destruction and abandonment of many villages.
(7)What changes occurred during the abbasid period with respect to women?
The establishment of the harem.
(7)What was the impact of the seljuk conquest of baghdad on the abbasid empire?
it restored the ability of the empire to meet the challenges of the egypt and the byzantine empire.
(7)What accounts for the success of the first crusade?
muslim political fragmentation and the element of surprise.
(7)What was the impact of the crusades on the christian west?
christians adopted military techniques, words, scientific learning, and arabic numberals among other things.
(7)What was the primary written language of the later abbasid court?
(7)Which of the following was NOT a literary figure during the abbasid empire?
Muhammad ibn Qasim
(7)How did the political center of islam change after the mongol invasions?
Baghdad was supplanted by cario to the east and soon thereafter istanbul to the north
(7)What was the difference between the islamic invasions of india and previous incursions of the suncontinent?
with the muslims, the peoples of india encountered for the firsttime a large-scale influx of invaders with a civilization as sophisticated as their own.
(7)How did Islam and Hinduism differ?
Islam stressed the egalitarianism of all believers, while islam embraced a caste-based social system.
(7)Where was the capital of the islamic kingdom established after 1206 on the gangetic plain?
(7)What groups in India were most likely to convert to islam?
Buddhists and low caste Hindus.
(8)What monarch is credited with beginning manlike expansion and creating the mali empire?
(8)Which of the following groups did NOT migrate to the costal region of East Africa?
Berbers from north africa
(8)Which of the following statements concerning great zimbabwe is NOT correct?
Great Zimbabwe was constructed by arab muslims who were trading with the bantu residents of the region.
(8)Which of the following regions was NOT one of the important points of cultural contact between africa and islam?
The persian gulf.
(8)Which of the following states represents the development of bantu concepts of kingship and state-building?
Kingdon of Kongo
(8)What accounted for the downfall of songhay?
Invasion by a moroccan muslim army equipped with firearms followed by internal revolts.
(8)How did contact with the muslim world affect the african slave trade?
Slavery became a more widely diffused phenomenon and the slave trade developed rapidly.
(8)Which of the following statements concerning the economies of africa is NOT correct?
Much of the region lacked a market economy and was based on self-sufficient agricultural units.
(8)Which of the following statements concerning political and religious universality in africa is most accurate?
Neither universal states nor universal region characterized africa, but both christianity and islam did find adherents in africa.
(8)The "demographic Transition" is often associated with what change in society?
(8)The puritanical reform movements of the almoravids and almohadis arose among what groups of people in
the berbers, native desert dwellers of north africa.
(8)What was the social and political function of the griots?
Griots mastered the oral traditions of the manlike and by knowing the past were considered excellent advisors of kings
(8)what ruler was responsible for the creation of the songhay empire?
(9)Which of the following is most correctly seen as a direct continuation of the roman empire?
(9)Which of the following territories was always part of the byzantine empire?
(9)Which of the following does NOT represent a similarity between the spread of civilization in eastern and western europe?
Northern kingdoms dominated both areas.
(9)What was the difference in the military organization of byzantine and western roman empires?
the byzantine empire recruited armies from the middle east.
(9)What was the great church built in constantinople by justinian?
(9)Which of the following was NOT one of justinians positive contributions to the byzantine empire?
the reconquest of gaul
(9)all of the following were outcomes of justinians wars of reconquest EXCEPT
The permanent addition of rome to the byzantine empire.
(9)after the 7th century, what group posed the greatest threat to the eastern frontiers of the byzantine empire?
the Arab Muslims.
(9)in which of the follwoing ways were the byzantine empire bureaucracy and the chinese bureaucracy similar?
both bureaucracies were open to talented commoners, not just aristocrats.
(9)which of the following was NOT a strength os byzantine cultural life?
innovative literacy forms
(9)which of the following issues was a cause for the split between the roman catholic and orthodox chuch
the roman catholic practice of requiring celibacy for its priests.
(9)The slavic alphabet created by orthodox missionaries to the slavs is called
(9)Which of the following practices was NOT adopted as a feature of the russian orthodox church?
(9)What group of peoples was responsible for the conquest of kievan russia after 1236?
(9)Which of the following statements concerning the tartar invasion of russia is most accurate?
tartar supervision did not destroy russian christianity or a native russian aristocracy.
(10)Relationships between members of the military elite based on a reciprocal exchange of land for military service and loyalty were called?
(10)In what way was the educational system of the medieval west different from that of china?
The universities were not tied into a single bureaucratic system.
(10)During the 11th century, what new architectural style featuring pointed arches and flying buttresses became dominant in western europe.
(10)What belief did the conversation of germanic kings create among western religious leaders, particularly the pope?
that the church was superior to the secular rulers.
(10)All of the folloing were function of the merchant and artisan guilds EXCEPT
ensuring a free-market economy
(10)The reforming monastic orders founded in assisi in th 13th century were created by
st. francis and st. clare
(10)the fourth crusade was manipulated by merchants in venice, who turned it into an attack on
(10)the moldboard was
a technological innovation, a plow that allowed deeper turning of the soil.
(10)which of the following was NOT a power of the papacy immediately after 500?
the appointment of all bishops
(10)Following the fall of rome, where was the center of the post-classical west?
the central plains of northern europe.
(10)Which of the following regions achieved feudal monarchy prior to the end of the middle ages?
(10)which of the following was NOT a positive development that introduced new sources of strength by the 9th and 10th centuries to western europe?
development of imperial government.