king of Persia who expanded the empire and invaded Greece but was defeated at the Battle of Marathon (550-486 BC)
First female pharaoh who expanded Egypt through trade
King of Macedonia in northern Greece.He conquered the Persian Empire, reached the Indus Valley, founded many Greek-style cities, and spread Greek culture across the Middle East., King of Macedonia who conqured Greece, Persia, Egypt and the Indus Valley, his conquest spread Greek culture throughout parts of three continents
Classical Roman poet, author of Aenied
Father of History; wrote the history of the Persian Wars
Father of Medicine
Ancient Greek epic poet who is believed to have written the Iliad and the Odyssey
Ruled Athens while Athens was in a Golden Age. The government became more democratic and the economy thrived
Greek philosopher and mathematician who proved the Pythagorean theorem
Greek philosopher; 'Gadfly'; Socratic method--questioning; sentenced to death for corrupting Athens youth
A chief official who made reforms such as outlawing debt slavery
ancient scientist who said earth was the center of the universe
Imperial title given to Octavian from the Senate marking the founding of the Empire of Rome.
emperor who attacked the english channel
4th Roman Emperor after his nephew Caligula was murdered; collects money for whore house
first Roman emperor to persecute Christians; he blamed the burning of Rome on them.
one of the Gracchus brothers. He was a reformer who took land from the rich and gave to the poor.
King of the Visigoths
the Hun leader
Emperor of Rome who adopted the Christian faith and stopped the persecution of Christians (280-337)
Emperor of Rome who divided the empire into east and west in an attempt to rule the territory more effectively. His desire to revive the old religion of Rome led to the last major persecution of the Christians
roman emporor, persecuted the christains in the 1st century
One of the 5 Good Emperors; Made a famous wall that established the Northern border of the Roman empire in Britain
Last of the "Good Emperors", Wrote "Meditations" personal reflections of his beliefs, End of the Pax Romana
First of the 5 good emperors, reformed land laws in favor of the poor; revised taxation
During his reign Mt. Vesuvius erupted, destroying Pompeii and Herucleum.
One of the "Good Emperors"; brought Rome to it's greatest size; triumphal arch made for him
killed his brother and named the city they built after himself, Rome/was the first king of Rome
emperor who had the coliseum built