A form of government in which citizens choose their leaders by voting
An alliance of independent states
Articles of Confederation
this document, the nations first constitution, was adopted by the second continental congress in 1781during the revolution. the document was limited because states held most of the power, and congress lacked the power to tax, regulate trade, or control coinage. This document is replaced by our current Constitution.
Land Ordinance of 1785
Law that established a plan for dividing the federally owned lands west of the Appalachian Mountains
Northwest Ordinance of 1787
Federal order that divided the Northwest Territory into smaller territories and created a plan for how the territories could become states.
a written plan of government
The Great Compromise
2 houses, House of Representatives would be based on population, the senate would have 2 representatives from each state
Each slave equals 3/5's of a person for population count to decided the amount of representation in congress and for taxation purposes
a system in which power is divided between the national and state governments
the branch of government that makes the laws (Congress on the national level)
the branch of government that carries out the laws (the President and his cabinet, on a national level)
the brach of government that interprets the laws (the Supreme Court on a national level)
checks and balances
each branch of the national government can check the actions of the other two branches. This keeps each branch from abusing its powers.
a group of people named by each state legislature to select the president and vice president
supporters of the stronger central govt. who advocated the ratification of the new constitution
They opposed the ratification of the Constitution because it gave more power to the federal government and less to the states, and because it did not ensure individual rights. Many wanted to keep the Articles of Confederation. The Antifederalists were instrumental in obtaining passage of the Bill of Rights as a prerequisite to ratification of the Constitution in several states. After the ratification of the Constitution, the Antifederalists regrouped as the Democratic-Republican (or simply Republican) party.
The Federalist Papers
This collection of essays by John Jay, Alexander Hamilton, and James Madison, explained the importance of a strong central government. It defended and explained the new Constitution.
Bill of Rights
The first ten amendments to the Constitution that protect individual rights
Father of the Constitution who took notes during the Convention and asked Jefferson's advice on the proceedings
President of the Convention. lent his prestige to the occasion.
Thought up the Great Compromise
famous anti-federalist - against the Constitution because it took power from the states
along with John Jay and James Madison, wrote the Federalist Papers in support of the Constitution
created the New Jersey Plan, giving every state equal number of representatives
The proposal at the Constitutional Convention that called for representation of each state in Congress in proportion to that state's share of the U.S. population.
New Jersey Plan
New Jersey delegate William Paterson's plan of government, in which states got an equal number of representatives in Congress
explained the need for a government's protection, people give up some rights for the safety of all
governtment protects natural rights to life, liberty, and property
dividing the powers of government into branches with different functions made the best government
all 3 describe the unifying government in Washington, D.C.
the main, controlling power