movement during the 1700's that spread the idea that knowledge, reason, and science could improve society (AGE OF REASON)
an agreement between the people and their government signifying their consent to be governed
believed all people have a right to life, liberty, and property (Natural Rights) - also supported the Social Contract
the idea that all humans are born with rights, which include the right to life, liberty, and property (John Locke)
Social critics of the eighteenth century who subjected social institutions and practices to the test of reason.
most brilliant and influential of the philosophes - fought for tolerance, reason, freedom of religious belief and freedom of speech "Used his quill pen as if it were a deadly weapon in a thinker's war against humanity's worst enemies"
French political philosopher who advocated the separation of executive and legislative and judicial powers (1689-1755) (Separation of Powers)
Separation of Powers
the division of power among the legislative, executive, and judicial branches of government
Philosophe committed to individual freedom - explained it in his book The Social Contract. Believed it to be an agreement among free individuals to create a society and a government.
Philosophe who believed laws eisted to preserve social order, not to avenge crime - Spoke out against abuses of justices
Philosophe who argued that women deserved the same rights as men. Argued for women's right to participate in politics.
Informal social gatherings at which writers, artists, philosophes, and others exchanged ideas
a set of books containing articles on various topics covering all branches of knowledge
Declaration of Independence
the document recording the proclamation of the second Continental Congress (4 July 1776) asserting the independence of the colonies from Great Britain
3rd President of the United States - author of the Declaration of Independence