'persons who are so closely and directly affected by my act that I ought to have them in my contemplation as being so affected when I am directing my mind to the acts or omissions which are called into question'
Case which restates the neighbour principle. IN order to establish if a duty of care exists the three points must be considered:
1) Reasonable forgeability of harm
2) Sufficient proximity of relationship
3) Fair, just and reasonable to impose a duty
Rule: Bourhill NOT a foreseeable victim, so no DUTY OF CARE
Fact: C heard car crash and went to see it. She saw blood on raod and claimed she suffered shock and miscarriage. Def= dead motorcyclist who caused accident.