drug that prevents pain during surgery
made improvements of Newcomen's invention of the engine
a business organization in an area such as shipping, mining, railroads, or factories.
private roads built by entrepreneurs who charged travelers in a toll, or fee, to use them
the movement of people to cities
multistory buildings divided into apartments
raw cotton was distributed to peasant families who spun it into thread and wove the thread into cloth (aka cotton industry)
the process of taking over and consolidation land formerly shared by peasant families.
british economist who saw effects of the population explosion
English economist who argued that the laws of supply and demand should operate in a free market (1772-1823)
the idea that the goal of society should be "the greatest happiness for the greatest number" of its citizens.
solution to end poverty and injustice
set up a model community in New Lanark, Scotland, to put his own ideas into practice.
a german philosopher who condemned the ideas of the utopians as unrealistic idealism.
a system in which governments led by a small elite controlled all economic and political life.