Biology parts of a cell

15 terms by juliagranato 

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Nucleus

This organelle controls the cell's activities and contains the DNA

Smooth ER

Complex network that transports materials throughout the cell, stores enzymes and chemicals

Lysosomes

An organelle in the cytoplasm of eukaryotic cells containing degradative enzymes enclosed in a membrane.

Vacuoles

Storage sacks for water, salts, proteins, carbohydrates, food or waste

Plastids

Plant organelle involved in storage of food or pigment. Leucoplast stores starch. Chromoplast stores pigments

Cytoskeleton

Frame work of the cell provides structural strength and causes cellular movement.

Mitochondria

Transforms the chemical energy stored in food molecules into energy the cell can use

Golgi Apparatus

Modifies or packages proteins for export from the cell

Nucleolus

Cell structure made of RNA and proteins, it makes ribosomes

Ribosomes

Organelle in which proteins are made into enzymes

Cytoplasm

Supports the cell's organelles. Stores some cellular materials

Chloroplast

Organelle that converts sunlight energy, carbon dioxide and water into high energy sugar molecules

Nuclear Envelope

This phospholipid bilayered membrane protects the nucleus

Rough ER

Complex network that transports materials throughout the cell. Holds many ribosomes

Chromosomes

Threadlike structure in a cell that contains the genetic information coded in DNA

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