King of winds?
Zeus and Mnomosyne were the parents of ___ muses?
word, based on sea god, means "capable of assuming different shapes"
to what extent do we see priests in Greek mythology?
Which is not a Greek name followed by Roman name for same god/goddess?
who preceded the "12 Great Olympians"?
greatest of the Elder gods?
___ was ruled by Hades
Zeus was the ___.
Poseidon was the god of ___.
goddess of discord
the point of view ushered in by the Greeks
name someone who was not a muse
name someone who was not an Elder god
"the most Greek of all the gods"
who wrote "have sight of proteus rising from the sea; or hear old Triton blow his wreathed horn"?
Who was not a Latin writer?
"The nymphs of the wood land were all lovely maiden forms, the ___, nymphs of the mountains, and the ___, sometimes called ___, nymphs of the trees...."
"corn" is the European term for?
Pallas Athena's favorite city?
Persephone was the wife of
goddess of the rainbow
"He was a kindly-peace loving god, popular on earth as in heaven"
According to Edith Hamilton, ___ is the stock character, "jealous wife."
the closing days of the Trojan war were described in the
earliest form of Greek literature
Hamilton says that Greek mythology ___.
has very little to do with religion
not related to roman mythology
Romans loved Mars more than Greeks loved Ares, means what?
Romans loved war more Greeks did
Pluto was this gods roman name
protector of marriage
This Trojan fell in love with Helen
The three great Greek tragedians were ___, ___, ___, while the great writer of comedy was ___.
Aesychylus, Euripides, Sophocles, Aristophanes
ferried "the souls of the dead" across the River Styx
two witches in Greek mythology
Circe and Medea
the greatest lyric poet of Greece who wrote Odes in honor the victors in the games at great national festivals.
Janus was originally ___.
one of the Numina
epithet for Zeus
Hades' ___ made whoever wore it invisible
had enchanting voices and their singing lured sailors to their death in the Odyssey.
Pan was a ___.
Pegasus was said to have a stable at ___.
Home of Hercules
"Nothing is clearer than the fact that primitive man, whether in New Guiana today or eons ago in the prehistoric wilderness, is not and never has been a creature who peoples his world with bright fancies and lovely visions."
"what the myths show is how high they had risen above the ancient filth and fierceness by the time we have any knowledge of them."
"men were striving to express themselves with clarity and beauty, an indisputable proof of civilization. The tales of Greek mythology do not throw any clear light upon what early mankind was like. They do throw an abundance of light upon what early Greeks were like"
this tries to express the new birth of the world with the awakening of Greece
the Greek miracle
"Old things are passed away; behold, all things are become new."
St. Paul New Testament
mankind became the center of the universe
made gods in their own image
until then, gods had had no semblance of
Saint Paul said the invisible must be understood by the visible. This was not a Hebrew idea, it was ___.
"The sculptor watched the athletes contending in the games and he felt that nothing he could imagine would be as beautiful as those strong young bodies. So he made his statue of Apollo. the storyteller of Hermes among the people he passed in the street. He saw the god 'like a young man at the age when youth is loveliest'"
All the art and all the thought of Greece centered in ___.
On earth, too, the ___ were exceedingly and humanly attractive.
a humanized world, men freed from the paralyzing fear of an omnipotent Unknown
miracle of Greek mythology
The exact spot where Aphrodite was born of the foam could be visited by ancient tourist, it was just offshore from the island of ___.
has no place in classical mythology
so powerful in the world before and after Greece, is almost nonexistant
There are ___ men and only ___ women with dreadful, supernatural powers.
completely absent from classical Greece. There are many stories about the stars, but not a trace of the idea that they influence men's lives
what the Greek mind finally made out of the stars
In the ___ when a priest and a poet fall on their knees before Odysseus, praying him to spare their lives, the hero kills the priest without a thought, but saves the poet.
were entrancingly beautiful with a human beauty, and nothing humanly beautiful is really terrifying
the whole divine company
"The gods-becoming-human were for a long time a very slight improvement upon their worshipers. They were incomparably lovelier; but they often acted in a way no decent man or woman should."
A very limited sense of ___ and ___ prevailed in Homer's heaven, and for a long time after.
half man, half horse
Of course the mythical monster is present in any number of shapes, "Gorgons and hydras and chimaeras dire," but they are there only to give the hero his ___.
meed of glory
a real myth has nothing to do with ___. It is an explanation of something in ___.
early science, the result of men's first trying to explain what they saw around them
a peasant living in a poor man's world, knew that the poor must have a just god
Latin poet that told almost all the stories and he told them at great length. They were sheer nonsense to him. " I prate ancient poets' monstrous lies, Ne'er seen or now or then by human eyes."
a poor farmer whose life was hard and bitter. first man in Greece to wonder how everything had happened, the world, the sky, the gods, mankind, and to think out an explanation.
tries to show men how to live a good life in a harsh world
Works and Days
an account of the creation of the universe and the generations of the gods
poems written to honor various gods, 33 in all
greatest lyric poet of Greece; he wrote Odes in honor of the victors in the games at the great national festivals of Greece
oldest of the 3 tragic poets
3 tragic poets
Aeschylus, Sophocles, Euripides
great writer of comedy
4 Alexandrian poets
Apollonius of Rhodes, Theocritus, Bion, and Moschus
author of the first guidebook ever
the Greek Pausanias
of the Roman writers, ___ stands far ahead.
the Greeks believed that the universe created the ___.
the first parents
heaven and earth
heaven and earth's children
heaven and earth's grandchildren; titans children
most important elder god
Zeus dethroned him
a time of perfect peace and happiness
Titan; the river that was supposed to encircle the earth
titan; Ocean's wife
titan; father of the sun, moon, and dawn
titan; means memory
titan; bore the world on his shoulders
titan; savior of mankind
the gods home
the entrance to Olympus was a great gate of clouds kept by the ___.
the gods feasted on
ambrosia and nectar
Poseidon and Hades
supreme ruler, Lord of the sky, Rain-god, Cloud-gatherer
his power was greater that that of all the other divinities together. Nevertheless he was not omnipotent or omniscient. He could be opposed but not decieved.
who's head was on the aegis
Zeus's wife and sister
protector of marriage; married women were her particular care
Hera hated the Trojan ___.
animals that were sacred to Hera
cow and peacock
ruler of the sea
Zeus's brother; second only to him in eminence
granddaughter of the Titan, Ocean
gave the first horse to man
always shown carrying his trident
underworld and ruler over the dead, God of Wealth, King of the Dead
made whoever wore it invisible
rare that he left his dark realm to visit Olympus; he was not a welcome visitor
daughter of Zeus alone. No mother bore her. Full-grown and in full armor, she sprang from his head.
fierce and ruthless battle-goddess, Goddess of the City, protector of civilized life, of handicrafts, and agriculture, inventor of the bridle, first tamed horses for men
Zeus's favorite child
was asked to carry the aegis
in poetry she is the embodiment of wisdom, reason, purity.
Athena's favorite city
Zeus and Leto
where was Apollo born?
master musician, plays on his golden lyre, Archer-god, God of Light, God of Truth, no false words will ever fall from his lips
means "brilliant" or "shining"
Apollo's twin sister
one of the three maiden goddesses of Olympus
Aphrodite, Hestia, Athena, Artemis
Lady of Wild Things, Huntsman-in-chief to the gods, she was the moon, Called Phoebe and Selene, goddess of witchcraft
all wild animals but especially deer
the goddess of love and beauty
sprung from the foam of the sea; sea birth took place near Cythera, from where she was wafted to Cyprus
"The breath of the west wind bore her Over the sounding sea, Up from the delicate foam, To wave-ringed Cyprus, her isle. And the Hours golden-wreathed Welcomed her joyously. They clad her in Raiment immortal. And brought her to the gods. Wonder seized them all as they saw Violet-crowned Cythera."
the lame and ugly god of the forge
Zeus and Maia
daughter of Atlas
feet were winged sandals
Hermes magic wand
Zeus's messenger, shrewdest and most cunning, Master Thief, God of Commerce and the Market, protector of traders, guide of the dead
won Apollo's forgiveness by presenting him with the lyre which he had just invented
appears oftener in the tales of mythology than any other god
God of War
Ares parents; both who detested him
Zeus and Hera
figures little in mythology
had no cities were he was worshiped
Ares came from
home of a rude, fierce people in the northeast of Greece
Ares animal; it was wronged by being chosen as his animal
Vulcan and Mulciber
God of Fire
son of Zeus and Hera, sometimes of Hera alone (bore him in retaliation for Zeus's having brought forth Athena)
he was only ugly. He was lame as well. In one place in the Iliad he says that his shameless mother, when she saw that he was born deformed, cast him out of heaven; in another place he declares that Zeus did this, angry with him for trying to defend Hera.
one of the 3 virgin goddesses
Goddess of the Hearth, the symbol of the home, around which the newborn child must be carried before it could be received into the family. Every meal began and ended with a offering to her. Each city too had a public hearth sacred to her, where the fire was never allowed to go out.
In Rome Hestia's fire was cared for by 6 virgin priestesses, called ___.
most important of the Lesser gods
god of love
often represented as blindfolded, because love is often blind
Goddess of Youth
Aglaia, Euphrosyne, and Thalia
daughters of Zeus and Eurynome
a child of the Titan, Ocean
no banquet without them would please
how many muses were there?
daughter of Zeus and Mnumosyne
Clio, Urania, Melpomene, Thalia, Terpsichore, Calliope, Erato, Polyhymnia, Euterpe
Titan; Lord of the River Ocean, great river encircling the earth
nymphs of River Ocean; daughters of Ocean and Tethys
father of Nereus
Old man of the sea
Nereus's 50 lovely daughters; nymphs of the Sea
Nereid; mother of Achilles
Nereid; Poseidon's wife
trumpeter of the sea
son of Poseidon and Amphitrite
power both of foretelling the future and of changing his shape at will
water nymphs that dwelt in brooks and springs and fountains
two divisions of the underworld
Tartarus and Erebus
the underworld was ruled by
Hades and Persephone
deeper of the two underworlds; prison of the Sons of Earth
where the dead pass as soon as they die
the river of woe
the river of lamentation
3 headed, dragon tailed dog
Rhasamanthus, Minos, and Aeacus
pass sentence and send the wicked to everlasting torment as the good to a blessedness called the Elysian Fields
the river of Fire
the river of unbreakable oath by which the gods swear
river of forgetfulness
3; punish evildoers
Tisiphone, Megaera, and Alecto
All-Mother, but she was not really a divinity
goddess of the corn
daughter of Cronus and Rhea
God of the Vine
goatherd's god, and the shepherd's god
city Pan loved the most
wonderful musician; played pipes of reed
always in love with one nymph or another
sometimes said to be Pan's son; sometimes his brother, son of Hermes
jovial fat old man who usually rode an ass because he was too drunk to walk
famous and very popular pair of brothers
Caster and Pollux
one brother that was mortal
one brother that was immortal
sons of Leda
Castor and Pollux
special protectors of sailors
Castor and Pollux
wife of king Tyndareus of Sparta
the two mortal children Leda bore to Tyndareus
Castor and Clytemnestra
visited Leda in the form of a swan
the two immortal children Leda bore to Tyndareus
Pollux and Helen
heroine of Troy
part man and part horse; walked on two legs; there are no stories about them, but they are often seen on Greek Vases
most famous centaur
three of them; two of them were immortal; dragonlike creatures with wings, whose look turned men to stone
3 gray sisters who had but one gray between them
had enchanting voices and their voices lured sailors to their death
Clotho, Lachesis, Atropos
means Powers or the Wills- the Will-Powers
most prominent and revered of all the Numina were
Lares and Penates
every family had one; the spirit of an ancestor
gods of the hearth and guardians of the storehouse
originally one of the Numina
"In memory of the Golden Age, when he (Zeus) reigned in Italy, the great feast of the ___ was held every year during the winter. The idea of it was that the Golden Age returned to the earth during the days it lasted. No war could then be declared; slaves and masters ate at the same table; executions were postponed; it was a season for giving presents; it kept alive in men's minds the idea of equality, of a time when all were on the same level."
originally one of the Numina, "the god of good beginnings," which are sure to result in good endings
Zeus's grandson; sort of Roman Pan, Rustic god