Warren G. Harding
Created the return to Normalcy.
A Return to Normalcy
Invented by Warren G. Harding
Tariffs & Reparations
Fear of Communism
"November Revolution" 1917
Left Russia in control of the Bolsheviks (communist party) led by Vladimir Lenin.
*Advocated overthrow of capitalist system, abolition of free enterprise & private property.
A. Mitchel Palmer?
Attorney General (head lawyer for the US)
Created Palmer Raids- Raided homes and workplaces of those suspected of "un-American" activity. ex. communists and anarchists.
Sacco and Vanzetti
-Itallian immigrantes charged with murder and robbery.
-Both found guilty and sentenced to electric chair.
-50 years later MA Govenor declaired the trial unfare.
Revived in 1915, 14 million people by 1924.
-Opposed blacks, Jews, unions, Catholics, and Foreign-Born peoples.
Boston Police Strike
Cops fired after asking for raise, they held the strike.
-Govenor Coolidge called in national guard.
Steel Mill Strike
350,000 workers. Later resolved after report about bad work conditions surfaced.
Raised tax on imports to 60%.
International Results to the Forney-McCumber Tarrif
Britian, France, and expecially Germany can't sell to the US, and thus can't repay debt to the US (10 billion., from WWI)
Renounced the use of war for national polity. Signed by 64 nations.
*Though it can't enforce it because it made no provision for force against nation in violation of agreement.
Harding put friends in his administration who became involved in scandals.
Teapot Dome Scandal
Land set by aside by the govt. was leased ot prive oil companies, owned by friends of Albert B. Fall.
Symbols of American wealth and prosperity
Impact of the Automobile *Urban Sprawl
Transportation *Airplanes and Electricity
Installment Plans *Credit
Cars allowed cities to spread out.
Allowing people to buy goods over an extended time period.
Constitutional Amendment then banned manufature, sale & transportation of alcoholic beverages.
Protestant movement calling for literal interpretation of the bible.
Theory on how the would evolved began teaching in schools. 1925, Tenessee passed a law saying it was illegal.
Youth of the 1920's
They enjoyed life because WWI left them questioning the believs about society and religion.
Impact of the Radio
1920's began the birth of the radio.
By 1930, 40% of households had a radio.
The movement of African-Americans North in waves.
Promoted the idea African-Americans return to Africa to build a stronger nation.
Literary and artistic movement celebrating African-American culture.
US bank loans Germany $2.5 billion
-Basically the US lent money to Germany which would be repaid to Britian, France and back to the US
Emergency Quota Act
Established a maximum number of immigrants from foreign countries.
Superficial, many items bought on credit allowed people to buy goods over an extended peiod of time.
An expectation of women to abide by a set of principles men did not necessarily have to follow.
Held to see who (young peole) could dance the longest. Usually winners would dance for days at a time.
Negro Leagues Baseball
Banned from major leagues, blacks toured across the country entertaining millions.
-Declined when Jackie Robinson joined the Dodgers in 1947.
US stays out of world conflict.
Xenohobia, suspiction of foreigners.
Less goverment interference desired after Progressive movement.
Hidden saloons & nightclubs where alcohol was sold illegally.
People who sold liquor, usually smuggled in.
Famous Chicago mobster who made a fortune off bootlegging and other criminal activities.
-Finally busted for tax evasion.
Court fight over evolution and the role of science and religion in public schools. Bryan from tennesee won the case.
Woman who embraced the fashion and urban attitude of the 1920's.
Made the first nonstop flight across the Altantic.
One of the first national move stars, comedian who starred in silence films.
Composer who wrote many popular broadway shows and songs of the 1920's.
F. Scott Fitzgerald
Writer who gained fame with the "Great Gatsby" and "This Side of Paradise". Coined the term "Jazz Age."
Author who criticized the glorification of war.