Semester Final Review: History, Approaches and Research

25 terms by girlinred 

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Period 1 Eadie 12/14/11

Psychology

The science of behavior and mental processes

Psychiatry

A branch of medicine dealing with psychological disorders; practiced by physicians who often provide medical treatments as well as psychological therapy

Personality

An individual's characteristic pattern of thinking, feeling and acting

Cognition

ALl the mental activities associated with thinking, knowing, remembering and communicating

Nature-Nurture Debate

THe longstanding controversy over the relative contributions that genes and experience make to the to the development of psychological tratis and behaviors. Today's science sees traits and behaviors arising from the interaction of nature and nurture.

Behavioral Psychology

The scientific study of observable behavior, and its explanation by principles of learning.

Biological Psychology

A branch of psychology concerned with the links between biology and behavior.

Psychodynamic Psychology

A branch of psychology concerned with psychological disorders.

Humanistic Psychology

Historically significant perspective that emphasizes the growth potential of healthy people and the individual's potential for personal growth.

Social-Cultural Psychology

The study of how situations and cultures affect our behaviors and thinking.

Trait

A characteristic pattern of behavior or a disposition to feel and act, as assessed by self report inventorie and peer reports.

Cognitve Psychology

The scientific study of all the mental activities associated with thinking, knowing, remembering and communicating

Evolutionary Psychology

The study of the roots of behavior and mental processes using the principles of natural selection

Cross-Cultural Psychology

The scientific study of hunman behavior and mental processes, including both their variability and invariance, under diverse cultural conditions

Neuroscience Psychology

Shows how the brain may affect the way we live our lives

Developmental Psychology

A branch of psychology that studies physical, cognitive and social change throughout the life span

Personality Psychology

The study of an individual's characteristic pattern of thinking, feeling and acting

Social Psychology

The scientific study of how we think about, influence and relate to one another

Health Psychology

A subfield of psychology that provides psychology's contribution to behavioral medicine

HUman Factors Psychology

A branch of psychology that explores how people and machines interact and how machines and physical environments can be made safe and easy to use

Industrial-Organizational Psychology

The application of psychological concepts and methods to optimizing human behavior in workplaces

Hidsight Bias

The tendency to search for information that supports our preconceptions and to ignor or distort contradictory evidence

False Consensus Effect

A cognitive bias whereby a person tends to overestimate how much other people agree with him or her

Theory

An explanation using an integrated set of principles that organizes observations and predicts behaviors or events

Replication

Repeating the essence of a research study usually with different participants in different situations, to see whether the basic finding extends to other participants and circumstances

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