Chapter 21

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At the beginning of the Civil War, President Abraham Lincoln favored quick military action to show

the folly of secession

Lincoln hoped that a Union victory at Bull Run would lead to

the capture of the Confederate capital at Richmond.

The South's victory at Bull Run in 1861 reduced enlistments in

the South's army

In the Civil War, the South won the battle of

Bull Run

Union's defeat in battle at Bull Run in 1861 was better than a victory because

the defeat caused Northerners to face up to the reality of a long, difficult war.

George B. McClellan is best described as

cautios

After assuming command of the Army of the Potomac, General George McClellan made the mistake of

consistently believing that the enemy outnumbered him

As a result of the Union loss in the Peninsula Campaign, Lincoln began to draft the

Emancipation Proclamation

As a result of the Confederate victory in the Peninsula Campaign, the Union turned to a strategy of

total war

Britain did not protest too loudly against the Union naval blockade of the Confederacy because

Britain might want to use a similar blockade in a future war

The most alarming Confederate threat to the Union blockade came from

the ironclad Merrimack.

The Confederate blockade runner, the Merrimack, was destroyed by

Confederate soldiers.

After halting Lee's troops at Antietam, General George McClellan was removed from

His field command

One of the key developments enabling the Union to stop the Confederate thrust into the North at Antietam was

the Union's discovery of Robert E. Lee's battle plans

The two major battles of the Civil War fought on Union soil were

Gettysburg and Antietam.

The Battle of Antietam was particularly critical because it probably prevented intervention by Britain and France on behalf of

the Confederacy

The North's "victory" at Antietam allowed President Lincoln to issue the

Emancipation Proclamation.

Slavery was legally abolished in the United States by

the Thirteenth Amendment to the Constitution.

The Emancipation Proclamation had the effect of strengthening the moral cause and diplomatic position of

the Union

When it was issued in 1863, the Emancipation Proclamation declared free only those slaves in states still in rebellion against

the United States

During the Civil War blacks were enlisted by the Union army only after

the Emancipation Proclamation was issued.

African-Americans who fought for the Union Army in the Civil War served bravely and

suffered extremely heavy casualties

The Confederacy enlisted slaves into their army

a month before the war ended

Robert E. Lee decided to invade the North through Pennsylvania in order to deliver a decisive blow that would strengthen

the Northern peace movement

The Battle of Gettysburg was significant because

Union victory meant that the Southern cause was doomed.

One consequence of General William T. Sherman's style of warfare was

a shorter war that saved lives.

The group in the North most dangerous to the Union cause was

the Northern Peace Democrats.

L. Vallandigham, a Southern sympathizer and vocal opponent of the war, was derisively labeled a

Copperhead

In the election of 1864, the Republicans joined with the prowar Democrats and founded the

Union party

In the 1864 election, Abraham Lincoln's running mate was

Andrew Johnson

In the l864 election, the Democratic Party nominated George McClellan to oppose

Lincoln's reelection

Lincoln's victory in the election of 1864 was aided by Union military victories and backing from

Union soldiers

Union army's victory in the capture of Atlanta was probably critical

to Lincoln's reelection in 1864.

General Ulysses S. Grant's basic strategy in the Civil War involved assailing the enemy's armies

simultaneously and directly

. The assassination of Abraham Lincoln was

a calamity for the South

The supreme test of American democracy in the nineteenth century was

the Civil War

Among the casualties of the Civil War were black slavery; extreme states' rights; and

over a million men dead or wounded.

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