Abnormal Psychology Final

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Most mental health professionals are aware that psychoanalysis as a treatment technique

A. Is basically unscientific
B. Has been proven effective
C. Has been subject to careful measurement criteria
D. Is noted for consistency in analytic interpretation

A. Is basically unscientific

The first effective medications for severe psychotic disorders were developed in the

late 19th century.
early 20th century.
1950s.
1990s.

1950's

As used by clinical psychologists, the term "presenting problem" is used to indicate the problem that

the patient thinks is most severe.
has lasted the longest amount of time.
the therapist thinks is most severe.
first brought the individual to therapy.

First brought the individual to therapy

Regarding the definition of abnormality, it is correct to state that

it is difficult to define "normal" and "abnormal."
personal distress is the one criterion that defines abnormality.
the criteria differ depending on the cause of the psychological disorder.
the criteria differ depending on whether the individual has a psychological disorder or a psychological dysfunction.

It is difficult to define "normal" and "abnormal".

Statistical data are often relevant when discussing psychological disorders. For example, a researcher might want to know how many new cases of depression are diagnosed each year, a figure called the ____ of the disorder.

prevalence
incidence
recurrence
ratio

Incidence

One hot and humid night, one of your friends suggests doing some really crazy things. You look up at the sky and then say: "It must be the full moon." Your statement reflects the concept from which the word ____ is derived.

lunatic
idiot
maniac
psychopath

Lunic

Ivan Pavlov, a Russian physiologist, based his theories of conditioning on the results of experiments he conducted on

humans.
pigeons.
rats.
dogs.

Dogs

The historic belief that the movements and/or positions of the moon, the stars, and the planets influence human behavior is still held by followers of the pseudoscience called ____.

graphology
parapsychology
astronomy
astrology

Astrology

According to psychoanalytic theory, the role of the ego involves

counteracting the aggressive and sexual drives of the id.
maximizing pleasure and reducing tension.
mediating conflict between the id and the superego.
utilizing fantasy and primary process thinking.

Mediating conflict between the id and the superego.

According to recent estimates, genetic contributions to the development of most psychological disorders are

below 50%.
above 50%.
different for each disorder (estimates range from 0 to 100%).
nonexistent.

below 50%

Research with the elderly has found that depression is more likely in those individuals who

have frequent social contacts.
live in group settings.
have fewer social contacts.
receive increased attention from their families when they are sick.

have fewer social contacts

Most psychological disorders appear to be influenced by many individual genes rather than caused by one single gene, a type of influence referred to as

multigenic.
polygenic.
unigenic.
morphogenic.

Polygenic

Regarding the research on socialization and health, the safest conclusion is that

social support is important, but more so for those individuals who are at high risk for various physical or psychological disorders.
having a supportive group of people around us is important to our physical health but not our psychological well being.
having a supportive group of people around us is important to our psychological well being but not our physical health.
having a supportive group of people around us is one of the most important parts of maintaining our physical and mental health.

Having a supportive group of people around us is one of the most important parts of maintaining our physical and mental health

When we compare the incidence of psychological disorders across countries and cultures, we find that

there is remarkable similarity in the rates of various disorders in different countries and cultures.
all Western countries have a similar rate of common disorders, but this is not true for developing countries.
developing countries have a much higher rate of psychological disorder than Western countries.
there are enormous differences in the rates of various disorders in different countries and cultures.

There are enormous differences in the rates of various disorders in different countries and cultures.

One conclusion that can be drawn from the studies regarding rat learning and brain structure (Greenough, et al., 1990; Wallace, et al., 1992) is that

early psychological experience affects the development of the nervous system and will absolutely determine whether or not the individual will develop a psychological disorder later in life.
early psychological experience does not result in physical changes to the nervous system but can still influence whether or not one develops a psychological disorder.
early psychological experience affects the development of the nervous system and influences vulnerability to psychological disorders later in life.
early psychological experience has little to do with brain structure or later development of psychopathology.

early psychological experience affects the development of the nervous system and influences vulnerability to psychological disorders later in life

John has inherited a personality trait that makes him more likely to keep to himself than to socialize. As a result he does not have many friends and spends a lot of time alone. If John were to develop depression, the model that would probably best explain this situation and the cause of his depression is the ____ model

diathesis-stress
biological
reciprocal gene-environment
interpersonal

Reciprocal gene-environment

It is important to understand the process of how learned helplessness is created in laboratory animals because learned helplessness in animals resembles the human disorder of

panic disorder.
depression.
mania.
schizophrenia.

depression

The best description of the multidimensional integrative approach to understanding psychopathology is that it is based on

biological and psychological causes.
biological causes only.
learned helplessness and social learning theory.
the physical structure and chemical processes of the brain.

Biological and psychological causes

When an individual describes what he or she sees in the ambiguous stimuli of the Rorschach test, it is assumed that the person's ____ thoughts are revealed.

unconscious
conscious
preconscious
postconscious

unconscious

When observational data are being collected, the observer's presence may cause a person to behave differently, a phenomenon known as

reactivity.
structuring.
recording.
monitoring.
0.5 / 0.5
When observational data are being collected, the observer's presence may cause a person to behave differently, a phenomenon known as

reactivity.
structuring.
recording.
monitoring.
0.5 / 0.5
When observational data are being collected, the observer's presence may cause a person to behave differently, a phenomenon known as

reactivity.
structuring.
recording.
monitoring.
0.5 / 0.5
When observational data are being collected, the observer's presence may cause a person to behave differently, a phenomenon known as

reactivity.
structuring.
recording.
monitoring.
0.5 / 0.5
When observational data are being collected, the observer's presence may cause a person to behave differently, a phenomenon known as

reactivity.
structuring.
recording.
monitoring.

Reactivity

In research, the term "clinical significance" refers to

whether the effects observed in the study are due to chance.
the external validity of the study.
how large the effect of the treatment is.
randomization of the sampling procedure.

whether the effects observed in the study are due to chance

The best way to have a general idea of a patient's overall level of functioning in life is to look at DSM-IV-TR Axis

I.
II.
III.
V.

V.

Believing that it would not helpful, a therapist refuses to use the DSM-IV or any other diagnostic system. One problem that we may expect for this therapist is that it may be difficult to

apply what has been learned from treating other patients with similar problems.
think of patients as individuals.
monitor the progress of patients in therapy.
convince patients that mental disorders do not define an individual's personality.

Apply what has been learned from treating other patients with similar problems

In a mental status exam a psychologist evaluates an individual's thought processes by

asking the person to read aloud.
listening to what the person says.
reading what the person has written.
evaluating the person's dreams.

Listening to what the person says

A researcher separates the participants into two groups. Group A receives an active medication and Group B receives an empty capsule that looks and feels like the real medication. Group B is the

treatment group.
analog group.
control group.
experimental group.

Control Group

In a mental status exam, it is important to determine if the individual's sensorium is clear and if he or she is "oriented times three." This refers to

person, place, and time.
day, month, and year of birth.
ability to follow directions.
spatial orientation.

Person, place, and time

In trying to understand and help an individual with a psychological problem, the psychologist will obtain detailed information about the person's life as part of a

physical exam.
clinical interview.
mental status exam.
brain scan.

clinical interview

Researchers use control groups to

make comparisons to the treatment group.
give all research participants an equal chance to participate in the study.
control the hypothesis.
randomize the experiment.

Make comparisons to the treatment group

Which of the following factors is typically NOT part of a clinical assessment?

psychological
social
biological
astrological

Astrological

The systematic evaluation of psychological, biological, and social factors in a person with a possible mental disorder is known as clinical ____.

assessment
interpretation
validation
standardization

Assessment

In the DSM-IV-TR, medical conditions are coded on

Axis I.
Axis II.
Axis III.
Axis V.

Axis III

A researcher manipulates an independent variable and observes the effects on a dependent variable in a(n)

correlational study.
case study.
experiment.
epidemiological study.

Experiment

The dimensional approach to the classification of mental disorders differs from the categorical approach in that the dimensional system provides

lists of symptoms that are associated with all of the forms of psychopathology that are currently believed to exist.
diagnostic labels based on the presence of specific symptoms.
information that is used to determine the cause and treatment of the disorder.
scales that indicate the degree to which patients are experiencing various cognitions, moods, and behaviors.

Scales that indicates the degree to which patients are experiencing various cognition's, moods, and behaviors

Using the multiaxial system of DSM-IV-TR, disorders such as major depressive episode, anxiety disorders, and learning disorders are coded on

Axis I.
Axis II.
Axis III.
Axis IV.

Axis I

The process of determining whether an individual's symptoms meet the criteria for a specific psychological disorder is called

prognosis.
diagnosis.
classification.
analysis.

Diagnosis

The process of clinical assessment results in narrowing the focus to

concentrate on problem areas that seem most relevant.
consider a broad range of problems.
cover all possible problems.
concentrate on all problem areas equally.

Concentrate on problem areas that seem most relevant

The scientist-practitioner model of psychology focuses on
the psychologist's use of scientific principles to study which treatments are most effective and to decide which treatment to use.
the psychologist's use of statistics, such as prevalence and incidence, to diagnose clients.
the exchange of information between scientists.
the use of drugs in clinical practice.

The psychologist's use of scientific principles to study which treatments are most effective and to decide which treatment to use.

The purpose of psychoanalysis is:
to reduce the symptoms of a disorder.
to examine ego defenses.
to reveal unconscious conflicts.
to overcome the Oedipal complex.

To reveal unconscious conflicts

Alarmingly, in some areas where the rate of new cases of AIDS has been declining, it has begun increasing again. The statistic that tells us this information is
incidence.
correlation.
deviation.
prevalence.

Incidence

Which well known behavioral scientist is the author of The Behavior of Organisms (1938), Walden Two (1948), and Beyond Freedom and Dignity (1971)?

John Watson
Ivan Pavlov
B.F. Skinner
Edward L. Thorndike

B. F. Skinner

During the Middle Ages, as well as at other times, mentally ill people were sometimes forced to undergo the religious ritual called exorcism in order to:

cure the mental illness by making the individual more religious
build up muscle strength and make the person healthier
rid the individual's body of evil spirits
prove that the person was not a witch

Rid the individual's body of evil spirits

In psychoanalytic psychotherapy it is important for patients to:

keep their thoughts and feelings to themselves
make eye contact with the psychoanalyst
describe the content of their dreams to the analyst
remain emotionally detached from the analyst

Describe the content of their dreams to the analyst

Bloodletting, a treatment devised centuries ago to restore the balance of humors, was accomplished with the use of:

needles
leeches
tourniquets
tourniquets: Incorrect.
bacteria

Leeches

When 20 year-old Larry was first diagnosed with schizophrenia, his family wanted to know if and how the disorder would progress and how it would affect him in the future. In medical terms, the family wanted to know Larry's ____.

diagnosis
prognosis
prognosis: Correct.
psychosocial profile
pathology
1.67 / 1.666
When 20 year-old Larry was first diagnosed with schizophrenia, his family wanted to know if and how the disorder would progress and how it would affect him in the future. In medical terms, the family wanted to know Larry's ____.

diagnosis
prognosis
psychosocial profile
pathology

Prognosis

According to the authors of your textbook, the definition of a psychological disorder is associated with:

stress
impaired functioning
culturally expected responses
psychotic symptoms

Impaired Functioning

In which of the following defense mechanisms does an individual unconsciously block disturbing wishes, thoughts or experiences from awareness?

rationalization
reaction formation
repression
displacement

Repression

Which of the following degrees is earned by a psychiatrist?

Ph.D.
Ed.D.
M.D.
Psy.D.

Psy. D

All of the following are examples of defense mechanisms EXCEPT

adaptation.
displacement.
repression.
projection.

Adaptation

After college graduation, two of your friends are interested in careers in the helping professions. Anna wants to become a psychiatrist; Carl plans on becoming a psychologist. Since you are taking a course in abnormal psychology, they ask you for career advice. You would tell

Anna to apply to medical school and Carl to study psychology at the graduate level.
Carl to apply to medical school and Anna to study psychology at the graduate level.
both of them to apply to medical school.
both of them to apply to graduate school.

Anna to apply to medical school and Carl to study psychology at the graduate level

Which of the following is NOT included as part of Freud's structure of the mind?

id
psyche
superego
ego

Psyche

Which scientist felt that that psychology no more needs introspection or other nonquantifiable methods than do chemistry and physics, and is considered the founder of behaviorism?

Edward Titchener
F. Skinner
John Watson
Ivan Pavlov

John Watson

The concepts of "self-actualizing" and "hierarchy of needs" are most closely associated with the theories of

Abraham Maslow.
Carl Rogers.
Carl Jung.
Melanie Klein.

Abraham Maslow

According to the diathesis-stress model, psychopathology is the result of the:

interaction between normal and defective or damaged genes
stress level of an individual and how stress is managed in a person's life
family history of an individual
interaction of an inherited tendency and events in the person's life

Interaction of an inherited tendency and events in the person's life

Most psychological disorders appear to be influenced by many individual genes rather than caused by one single gene, a process referred to as:

multigenic
polygenic
unigenic
morphogenic

Polygenic

The most recent estimates of the contribution of genetics to the development of personality characteristics such as shyness or activity level are approximately:

10 - 20%
30 - 50%
75 - 85%
zero

30-50%

The relationship between emotion and health is demonstrated by the fact that:

panic is related to poor concentration
people with chronic diseases are often angry about their care
those in poor physical health almost always develop psychological disorders
anger increases risk of heart disease

Anger increases risk of a heart attack

In an experiment by Kolb, Gibb, and Gorny (2003), animals of varying ages were placed in complex environments. Their findings suggest that:

the impact of the environment on the brain is different at varying stages of life
the impact of the environment on the brain is significant but uniform throughout the life span
environments that are beneficial to the aged may be harmful to the young
the environment has little effect on the brain throughout the lifespan

The impact of the environment on the brain is different at varying stages of life.

When therapists ask patients how they are feeling and how they are experiencing their disorder today, it is essentially taking "snap-shots" of their lives at the moment. This approach to understanding psychopathology is criticized as incomplete by:

lifespan psychologists
cognitive-behaviorists
humanists
all mental health workers

Lifespan Psychologists

A lifespan psychologist would point out that the only way to understand a patient's disorder is to understand how the individual:

developed from a childhood to adulthood
developed during the psychosexual stages
resolved conflicts in early life
sees himself/herself as part of a family, a community and a culture

Developed from childhood to adulthood

While many fears are learned, some are more easily learned, or more prepared to be learned than others. The most likely fear-prepared stimulus below would be
rocks.
guns.
spiders.
electrical outlets.
flowers.

Spiders

Which of the following accurately illustrates the reciprocal gene-environment model of interaction?
Due to her phobia of cats, May avoids them.
Joan knows her father is an alcoholic, so she avoids alcohol.
Tony has a predisposition to develop a blood-injury phobia, and he leads a cautious lifestyle.
George has a vulnerability to depression, and he frequently rents sad movies.
none of the above

George has a vulnerability to depression, and he frequently rents sad movies

A one-dimensional causal model
uses only one perspective, such as behaviorism, to treat a disorder.
attributes a disorder to a single cause.
notes that many paths lead to the same disorder.
looks at only one disorder at a time.

Attributes a disorder to a single cause

Research indicates that the relationship between psychological treatment and brain circuits is such that:
psychological treatment works regardless of the brain circuit activity.
psychological treatment can alter brain circuits.
brain circuit activity alone determines the response to psychological treatment.
psychological treatment is not effective due to the changes in the brain caused by mental disorders.

Psychological treatment can alter brain circuits

The more friends you have, the less likely you are to die.
true
false

The more friends you have, the less likely you are to die.
true
false
The more friends you have, the less likely you are to die.
true
false

False

According to modern cognitive science, the unconscious

clearly exists in much the same way that Freud imagined.
may or may not exist, as it is impossible to study material that we are not aware of.
clearly does not exist.
clearly exists but in a very different way than Freud imagined.

Clearly exists but in a very different way than Freud imagined

It is important to understand the process of how learned helplessness is created in laboratory animals because learned helplessness in animals resembles the human disorder of

panic disorder.
depression.
mania.
schizophrenia.

Depression

Regarding the research on socialization and health, the safest conclusion is that

social support is important, but more so for those individuals who are at high risk for various physical or psychological disorders.
having a supportive group of people around us is important to our physical health but not our psychological well being.
having a supportive group of people around us is important to our psychological well being but not our physical health.
having a supportive group of people around us is one of the most important parts of maintaining our physical and mental health.

Having a supportive group of people around us is one of the most important parts of maintaining our physical and mental health

People who have many social contacts and live their lives continually interacting with others

develop more infections and have poorer overall health.
have not been found to differ on any health outcome.
often suffer from psychological disorders such as dependency.
live longer and healthier lives.

Live longer and healthier lives

The behavior of an individual who believes that no matter how hard she studies, she will never succeed in college can best be explained by

personality disorder.
faulty neurotransmitter circuits.
learned helplessness.
internal conflicts.

Learned helplessness

The term equifinality refers to the fact that

once a process has begun, it will always lead to a final outcome.
many causes of psychopathology are equal in influence.
a number of paths can lead to the same outcome.
all forms of psychopathology have similar causes

A number of paths can lead to the same outcome

Several clinicians interview a patient and use a new diagnostic system to independently provide the same diagnosis. We can say that it appears the new diagnostic system is:

reliable
valid
both reliable and valid
neither reliable nor valid

Reliability

When studying family functioning, it has been observed that marital discord often increases as child behavior problems increase in the family. Using the correlational model:

it is possible to determine that marital problems generally cause child behavior problems
it is not possible to determine whether marital discord causes child behavior problems, whether child behavior problems cause marital discord, or whether both may be true
it is possible to determine whether marital problems cause child behavior problems or whether child behavior problems cause marital problems, but it is not possible to determine whether both may be true
it is possible to determine whether any or all observed effects may be causing changes on any of the variables being studied

It is not possible to determine whether marital discord causes child behavior problems, whether child behavior problems cause marital discord or whether both may be true

Every incremental increase in variable A is associated with an exactly equal sized increase in variable B. The correlation between these two variables is:

+1.00
-1.00
0
causal

+1.00

The best research design to use is:

experimental design.
correlational design.
sequential design.
the one that ethically and best leads to answers to the research question.

The one that ethically and best leads to answers to the research question

When developing an hypothesis, one important consideration is:
whether or not it is correct.
testability.
internal validity.
external validity.

Testability

The purpose of standardization is
to make a diagnosis predictive.
to increase the scores on a test.
to determine whether a technique is appropriate.
to make techniques consistent and comparable.
to increase measurement subjectivity.

to make techniques consistent and comparable

Projective test are based on psychoanalytic theory
TRUE
FALSE

True

The classical and dimensional approaches to nosology differ in that:
the classical approach uses categories and the dimensional approach uses prototypes.
the classical approach uses prototypes and the dimensional approach uses profiles.
the classical approach diagnoses based on the presence of symptoms and the dimensional approach notes the degree of severity of symptoms.
the classical approach places individuals in categories; the dimensional approach places symptoms in categories.

The classical approach diagnoses based on the presence of symptoms and the dimensional approach notes the degree of severity of symptoms

A researcher is testing the effects of sunlight on depression. The independent variable is

sunlight.
depression.
the assumption that light affects mood.
the research design.

Sunlight

The dimensional approach to the classification of mental disorders differs from the categorical approach in that the dimensional system provides

lists of symptoms that are associated with all of the forms of psychopathology that are currently believed to exist.
diagnostic labels based on the presence of specific symptoms.
information that is used to determine the cause and treatment of the disorder.
scales that indicate the degree to which patients are experiencing various cognitions, moods, and behaviors.

Scales that indicate the degree to which patients are experiencing various cognition's, moods, and behaviors

The more time one spends exercising, the less one generally weighs. The correlation between time on a treadmill each month and overall body weight would represent a(n)

positive correlation.
zero correlation.
negative correlation.
causal correlation.

Negative correlation

A researcher separates the participants into two groups. Group A receives an active medication and Group B receives an empty capsule that looks and feels like the real medication. Group B is the

treatment group.
analog group.
control group.
experimental group.

Control Group

DSM-IV-TR is based on a ____ classification system.

dimensional
categorical
prototypical
psychoanalytic

Dimensional

A researcher is testing the effects of sunlight on depression. The dependent variable is

sunlight.
the assumption that light affects mood.
the research design.
depression.

Depression

External validity refers to the

degree to which the dependent variable was changed in the study.
power of the independent variable to cause a change in the dependent variable.
extent to which findings apply to individuals or situations other than those studied.
overall quality of the study.

Extent to which findings apply to individuals or situations other than those studied

The most accurate description of the correlational model is

the manipulation of an independent variable to measure the effects on a dependent variable.
the in-depth examination of many variables associated with a small number of individuals.
the statistical examination of the relationships between variables.
the statistical examination of the cause of changes in a dependent variable.

The statistical examination of the relationships between variables

A hypothesis is defined as a(n)

theory.
empirical conclusion.
research study.
educated guess.

Educated Guess

Alternating episodes of major depression and _____ characterize bipolar I disorder, while bipolar II disorder is characterized by major depressive episodes alternating with _____.
hypomania; mania.
mania; hypomanic episodes.
cyclothymic disorder; dysthymia.
hypomania; periods of remission.

Mania, hypomaniac episodes

During a major depressive episode, which of the following would not be present?
changes in appetite and sleeping habits.
anxiety.
anhedonia.
grandiosity.

Grandiosity

Patients with major depressive disorder are more likely to attempt suicide than patients with dysthymia.
TRUE
FALSE

False

Which theory suggests that depression occurs when individuals believe that they have no control over the circumstances in their lives?
attribution theory
learned helplessness
social learning theory
theory of equifinality

Learned helplessness

Although glorifying and romanticizing suicide in the media contributes to copycat suicides, it is more likely that the person copying the suicide is:

just doing it for attention
vulnerable due to an existing psychological disorder
not really serious about the suicide attempt
trying to impress others

Vulnerable due to an existing psychological disorder

Jane is diagnosed with Bipolar II disorder. You can expect that she will experience:

full manic episodes
hypomanic episodes
both manic and hypomanic episodes
neither manic nor hypomanic episodes

Hypomanic episodes

According to recent research (Kessler et al., 2003), the percentage of people age 18 to 29 that have already experienced major depression is:

10%
18%
25%
40%

25%

One of the problems encountered by psychiatrists who prescribe medication for patients with bipolar disorder is that patients often:

stop taking the medication in order to bring on a depressive state
stop taking the medication in order to bring on a manic state.
overdose on the medication during a severe manic state
become addicted to the medications during a severe manic state

stop taking medication in order to bring on a manic state

Side effects of the tricyclic antidepressants include:

weight loss
excessive urination
sexual dysfunction
insomnia

Sexual Disfunction

Which of the following is a symptom of the mood disorder known as mania?

clear, coherent speech
hypoactive behavior
fatigue
grandiosity

Grandiosity

According to your textbook, the following statement is true about research regarding the treatment of conversion disorder:

there are very few systematic, controlled studies
the use of medication is generally supported
social support has proven to be the most important aspect of treatment
Freudian methods to access the unconscious are most effective

There are very few systematic, controlled studies

George has completely lost his sight during the past year but medical experts can find no physical reason for his blindness. This could be an example of:

somatization disorder.
hypochondriasis
conversion disorder
dissociative disorder

Conversion Disorder

Depersonalization is defined as:

altered perception including loss of the sense of one's own reality
altered perception involving loss of the sense of reality of the external world
vivid hallucinations
the feeling that one is no longer a person

altered perception including loss of the sense of one's own reality

Derealization is defined as:

vivid hallucinations
altered perception involving loss of the sense of one's own reality
altered perception involving loss of the sense of reality of the external world
at one is no longer a person

Altered perception involving loss of the sense of reality of the external world

A dissociative disorder that is not found in Western cultures and appears to have some similarities to dissociative fugue is:

amok
exorcism
trance
voodoo

amok

One of the problems with trying to determine the prevalence of body dysmorphic disorder (BDD) is that:

patients with this disorder generally do not seek psychotherapy
it is almost impossible to differentiate from conversion disorder
therapists are reluctant to report statistics for this disorder
many BDD patients are misdiagnosed with an anxiety disorder

Patients with this disorder generally do not seek psychotherapy

Looking at the treatments that have been found to be effective for body dysmorphic disorder suggests that BDD may be:

a variation of conversion disorder
a variation of obsessive compulsive disorder
a unique form of dissociative disorder
purely biological in cause

A variation of Obsessive compulsive disorder

Dissociative trance disorder is diagnosed:

only when the trance is unpredictable in terms of when it appears (i.e., individual goes into a trance without prior religious ritual)
only when the trance is undesirable and considered pathological in the individual's culture
only when the trance causes harm to the individual or others
whenever an individual repeatedly enters a trance state

only when the trance is undesirable and considered pathological in the individual's culture

Hypochondriasis is essentially an emotional disturbance triggered by:

physical pathology
misinterpretation of normal physical sensations
social concerns
severe or unusual physical sensations

Misinterpretation of normal physical sensations

Parents suspected of "Munchausen Syndrome by proxy" show all of the following typical behaviors EXCEPT:

helping medical staff to discover the true nature of the child's illness.
developing a positive relationship with medical staff
appearing extremely concerned and caring toward the child
purposefully making the child sick

Helping medical staff to discover the true nature of the child's illness

Of the following, which abused child would be most likely to develop dissociative identity disorder later in life?

Mary—has a few good friends
Susan—lives in a chaotic, non-supportive family
Cindy—has a learning disability
Jody—has attention deficit hyperactivity disorder

Susan- lives in a chaotic, non-supportive family

Somatization disorder is very difficult to treat. Which of the following is not a typical treatment approach for the disorder?
Reduction of help-seeking behavior.
Reduction of stress.
Traditional psychotherapy.
Reassurance.

Traditional Psychotherapy

Somatization disorder, although rarely diagnosed in a clinical setting, is more common in the population than are eating disorders.
TRUE
FALSE

False

Somatization disorder and antisocial personality disorder are often associated with gender and may be explained by similar underlying neurological mechanisms. Which of the following statements best describes this relationship?
Behavioral inhibition and activation systems (fight/flight systems) are characterized by differing behavioral outcomes in males and females due to cultural norms.
Males and females both have inhibition and activation systems, but males have better developed activation systems and females have better developed inhibition systems.
Women with antisocial personality disorder may have an underlying deficit in the behavioral activation system and men with somatization disorder may have an underlying deficit in the behavioral inhibition system.
none of the above.

Behavioral inhibition and activation systems (fight/flight) are characterized by differing behavioral outcomes in males and females due to cultural norms

Dissociative identity disorder has been linked to post-traumatic stress disorder. People suffering from both disorders have usually experienced _____, as indicated by _____.
severe trauma; results of MMPI assessment.
childhood abuse; correlational case studies.
severe trauma; retrospective case studies.
depressive disorder; inter-rater agreement on DSM-III diagnoses.

Severe trauma; retrospective case studies

The disorder in which more than one distinct personality exists within one individual was changed to ____ in the DSM-IV.

dissociative identity disorder
dissociative trance disorder
schizophrenia
multiple personality disorder

Dissociative Identity Disorder

Which of the following statements is true with regard to the treatment of somatization disorder?

Cognitive-behavioral treatment has been demonstrated in several studies to be the best available treatment.
It is relatively easy to treat as long as the patient is willing to participate in therapy.
Assignment of a "gatekeeper" physician has been found to cure most patients.
It is difficult to treat and there are no treatments with proven effectiveness.

It is difficult to treat and there are no treatments with proven effectiveness

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