Debate Vocabulary

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Advantages

The fourth observation of the traditional debate case that provides solvency to the affirmative case

Affirmative

The sie of the academic debate that defends, argues for, and promotes the resolution

Agency

The part of the policy debate affirmative plan that is the instrument used to administer the plan

Argument

Reasoning used in debate based on evidence or proof

Block

Process of preparing evidence in advance for a debate

Brink

The second part of a structured disadvantage argument which predicts when the impact of the diadvantage will occur

Burden of Proof

The reponsibility of the affirmative, burden of proof is the case given to convince the judge that change to the status quo should take place

Citation

The act or process of crediting anothers ideas

Classify

To arrange evidence in an order which will allow the debator to retrieve easily

Comparitave Advantage Case

Structured to compare advantages to their harms , the affirmative doesn't have to prove all harms; instead they need to prove a link to any one of their advantages

Constructive Speech

The first speech given by each debater (both teams) in a round, used to build a case.

Contentions

Statement used as a heading for an opinion in the debate

Counterplan

a better solution than the affirmative's offered by the negative team

Cross Examination

Three-Minute time allowed in the debate for one side to ask questions of the other side

Debate

a discussion in which reasons are advanced for and against some proposition or proposal

Definitions

The first observations of the traditional debate case that defines necessary terms of the resolution and other terms the affirmative deems necessary

Disadvantage

A strategy by the negative team showing unfavorable consequences of the affirmative plan

Drop

When a team fails to , or chooses to discard an argument from the debate round

Enforcement

The part of the policy debate affirmative plan that explains who will carry out the functioning of the proposed mandate

Fiat

The right of the affirmative to enact a plan without worrying about the possibility of it not being enacted because of todays political environment

Flowsheet

The system of note-taking used by debators and judges to make sure all arguments "flow" together

Funding

The part of the debate affirmative plan that is the means of paying for the plan

Harms

The second observation of a traditional debate case that shows the problem existent in the status quo

Impact

The final part of a structured disadvantaged argument which shows the harm or disadvantage of the proposed affirmative plan

Inherency

argues that the current status quo is not solving the resolution and cannot , without fundamental changes

Link

The first part of the structurd disadvantage argument which links the disadvantages to the specific area of the affirmative case

Mandates

The part of the policy debate affirmative plan that is the actual policy to be adopted

Negative

The side of the academic debate that attacks and argues against the affirmative side of the resolution

Non-topical

Any argument or policy case which fails to remain within the boundaries of the resolution

Observations

Contentions given in the affirmative constructive case

On-Case arguments

arguments to respond to the case

Plan

The third observation of the traditional debate case that provides the stradegy for solving the harms

Policy

The type of debate that encompasses a proposition of worth

Presumption

Advantage of the negative , assumes the status quo should be kept unless the burden of proof shows reason for change

Prima Facie

An affirmative that has covered the stock issues and is one a judge believes to have resolved the resolution

Reasoning

the process of drawing a conclusion on the basis of evidence

Rebuttal Speech

Speech that rebuilds arguments that have been attacked, refutes opposition arguments, and summarizes the debate. They are given at the end of a debate

Resolution

formal subject in dispute

Significance

the claim that the problems with the status quo are worhty for the change called by the resolution

Solvency

claim that the problems will go away if affirmative plan is adopted

Status Quo

The term used to represent the present state of the affairs, the way things are now

Structual Barrier

An inherent problem in the policies of the status quo presents harms from occuring

Stock Issues

The issues the affirmative needs to prove to make and maintain a prima face case

Tag

The use of a word or phrase at the top of the peice of the evidenve to serve as a quick refrence

Topicality

the attribute of being of interest at the present time

Traditional Case

most commonly used policy debate case format

Turn

The attempt off one team to use the srgument of their opponent to their advantage

Voting Issues

key points in a debate that are crucial to the outcome, reasons why the judge should give the decision to a team.

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