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American Assembly for Men in Nursing (AAMN)

Association intended to provide a forum for nurses to discuss & influence factors that affect men as nurses: encourages men of all ages to become nurses, supports men in nursing, and advocates for research, education, and the dissemination of information about men's health issues

Army School of Nursing

American military school of nursing established during World War 1

Black Death

An epidemic thought to be the bubonic plague that swept across Asia, Africa, and Europe in the 1300's

Bolton Act

Established the US Cadet Nurse Corps; also called the Nurse Training Act of 1943

Comstock Act of 1873

Law forbidding both the dissemination of birth control information and the distribution of birth control devices

Dark Ages of Nursing

The Reformation; so called because trained Protestant nurses left the profession, leaving nursing to many without training, including thieves and prostitutes sentenced to the task

deaconess

Woman chosen by church leadership to care for the poor and the sick in her own congregation and community

Ebers papyrus

The oldest preserved medical document in the world; contains prescriptions written in dieratic script for over seven hundred remedies

Frontier Nursing Service

Private charitable organization founded in the rural Appalachian Mountain region of eastern Kentuchy in 1925; assisted with deliveries for women of the region

The Frontier School of Midwifery and Family Nursing (FSMFN)

A still-extant school offering education for the development of nurse-midwives, family nurse practitioners, and women's health care nurse practitioners

Geneva Convention Treaty

Among other things, established military hospitals as safe havens where physicians and nurses could care for the wounded of any nation; led to the formalization of the International Red Cross. (Signed in 1864 by representatives of 12 nations)

geroncomion

Translates to "home for the aged" (Established by Helena , mother of Constantine the Great)

Gulf War syndrome

Mysterious complex of symptoms experienced by beterans of the Persian Gulf War, perhaps due to chemical weapons

Hammurabi's Code

Early form of managed health care that included uniform fees for service, objective outcome measurement stancdards, consumer and patient rights, and legal regulation of physicians

Health Amendments Act

1956 law that provided funds for nurses to pursue advanced preparation for administrative, supervisory, and teaching positions; expanded practical, or vacational, nurse programs; and mandated several influential postwar nursing studies

Henry Street Settlement

Early American nurse service staffed by both nurses and social workers. (Due to Lillian Wald & Mary Brewster)

Hippocratic oath

Ancient oath still taken by graduates of medical school; the source of the phrase "do no harm"

Hotels-dieu

Translates to "God's houses," an early kind of hospital maintained by monks

iatria

Greek precursors to modern outpt clinics

International Red Cross

A movement to establish humanitarian association that used volunteer help in every country to aid in war relief efforts (established due to vision of Jean Henri Dunant) (Funded by private citizens)

Kaiserwerth Deaconess Institute

Hospital and medical school with a 3 year course of study for Protestant deaconesses, including training in nursing, pharmacy, and teaching; considered the most segnificant early Protestant nursing organization

monasticism

A movement wherein a man or a woman chooses to remain single, widowed, or divorced, devoting themselves to God; evantally incorporated educating children and caring for the poor and the sick

Mosaic Law

Several Old Testament books focusing on communicable-disease management through isolation procedures, ceremonial rituals, and regulations governing preparing, eating, and abstention from certain foods

National Association of Colored Graduate Nurses (NACGN)

Association influenced in its establishment by Mary Eliza Mahoney, the 1st black nurse to graduate from a school of nursing in the United States

National Organization for Public Health Nursing (NOPHNP)

Organization once responsible for developing standards for public health nursing and setting up public health courses for nurses in baccalaureate schools of nursing (Because of Wald)

New England Hospital for Woman and Children

Founded the first school of nursing in America (Boston, MA)

Nightingale Training School for Nurses

An independent, secular school of nursing unaffiliated with any religious body; est in London 1860

Nosocomium

Translates to "place for the sick;" a kind of hospital

Nurses Training Act of 1964

Vietnam-era bill that funded nursing programs that were either accredited by the Natioal League for Nursing (NLN) or expected to be accredited in the near future.

nursing

A derivative of the Latin word "nutrire", meaning "to nourish"

parish nurse movement

Movement based on the early church deaconess movement; uses nurses who are hired by churches or who volunteer coordinate care for those in the congregation, especially the frail elderly.

Planned Parenthood Federation

Group of clinics founded by Margaret Sanger that focus on family planning

unification model

Stesses the need for clinically prepared faculty and for clinical competence among students pursuing advanced degrees

US Army Nurse Corps

Established by Dorothea Lynde Dix to treat Union troops during the Civil War

US Cadet Nurse Corps

Created under the Bolton Act to address nursing shortages during World War II

wet nurse

Women hired to suckle other women's infants (Addressed in Hammurabi's Code)

xenodocheion

Inn for strangers and travelers

xenodochia

Translates to "house for strangers" eventually used by Hebrews in caring for outsiders. (precursor to modern inn or hospital)

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