Chap 24 - Therapeutic Exercise

27 terms by nana48

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Exercise

purposeful physical activity, is beneficial to people of all ages

Fitness

the capacity to exercise

Body Composition

the amount of body tissue that is lean vs the amount that is fat

Vital Signs

temperature, pulse rate, respiratory rate, and blood pressure, reflect a person's physical status

Cardiac Ischemia

impaired blood flow to the heart

Therapeutic Exercise

activity performed by people with health risks or being treated for an existing health problem

Active Exercise

therapeutic activity that the client performs independently

Passive Exercise

therapeutic activity that the client performs with assistance and is provided when a client cannot move one or more parts of the body

Range of Motion (ROM) Exercise

therapeutic activities that move the joints

Why is ROM Performed

(1)assess joint flecibility before initiating an exercise program, (2)maintain joint mobility and flexibility in inactive clients, (3)to prevent ankylosis, (4)stretch joints before performing more strenuous activities, (5)evaluate the client's response to a therapeutic exercise program

Ankylosis

permanent loss of joint movement

Flexion

bending to decrease the angle between two adjoining bones

Extension

straightening to increase the angle between two adjoining bones

Hyperextension

increasing the angle between two adjoining bones more than 180 degrees

Abduction

moving away from the midline

Adduction

moving toward the midline

Rotation

turning from side to side as in an arc

External Rotation

turning outward, away from the midline of the body

Internal Rotation

turning inward, toward the midline of the body

Circumduction

forming a circle

Pronation

turning downward

Supination

turning inward

Plantar Flexion

bending toward the sole of the foot

Dorsiflexion

bending the foot toward the dorsum or anterior side

Inversion

turning the soles of the foot toward the midline

Eversion

turning the sold of the foot away from the midline

Nursing Diagnosis for a client w/impaired mobility

(1)impaired physical mibility, (2)risk for disuse syndrome, (3)unilateral neglect, (4)risk for delayed surgical recovery, (5)activity intolerance

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