During which years does the Romanesque period occur?
Why was it called "roman-like" or "in the roman manner" by early historians?
Stone architecture and statues. Return of the groin and barrel vaulting.
What are the characteristics of a "pilgrimage church"?
Large, longer wider naves. Ex: Saint-Sernin
What relic is in Chartes Cathedral?
Holy tunic of the Virgin Mary.
What is a portal door?
What scene is usually depicted on the tympanum?
Symbolic to our salvation.
What church did William the Conqueror build?
What is the Bayeux Tapestry and what did it commemorate?
230ft long embroidered fabric. Which records/depicts English history.
Who coined the term "Gothic"?
Giorgio Vasari. He said created by Barbarians "goths" also ugly and cruel.
In what church did the Gothic style first appear?
Saint-Denis; France 1140
What specific person introduced the Gothic style at Saint-Denis?
Abbot Suger. He wanted to embellish the church.
What does it mean to acheive "soaring heights" in the Gothic period?
Wanted to be as tall as possible. Focus on verticality of structures.
In what country was the Gothic style most prevalent?
What what year did Chartes Cathedral burn down and how long did it take to rebuild it?
1194 and 27 years
How does the Virgin Mary change during the Gothic period and what is the "cult of the virgin"?
Depicted Mary as the queen of heaven. Rise and infatuation with Mary. Ex: Virgin of Paris
What event during the 14th century would influence the death and suffering highlighted in the Rottgen Pieta?
Black death art
How does English Gothic Style differ from French Gothic style?
What does "Proto-Renaissance" mean?
Earliest forms of Renaissance art.
What does Renaissance mean?
French for rebirth.
In what city did Renaissance emerge?
What is the Italo-Byzantine style?
People who fled byzantine to Italy. Elongated/no depth.
What was the relationship of Cimabue and Giotto?