Rhetorical Devices

Created by tlunden 

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33 terms

Irony

a contrast between expectation and reality

Metaphor

an implied comparison using figurative language

analogy

compares two things that are alike in order to clarify

tone

author's attitude toward the subject or the audience

syntax

the way an author chooses to join words into phrases, clauses, and sentences.

diction

a writer's or speaker's choice of words

allusion

a brief reference to a person, place, thing, event, or idea in history or literature

apostrophe

interrupts discussion and addresses a person or personified thing directly

repitition

Repeated usage of word(s)/group of words in the same sentence to create a rhythm

point of view

the perspective from which the story is told (1st, 2nd, 3rd person, limited, omniscent

symbol

something that stands for or represents something else

hyperbole

exaggeration for emphasis

rhetorical question

a question not answered by the writer because it is obvious; used for effect or emphasis

parallelism

the same grammatical structure within a sentence or sentences in a paragraph

understatement

expressing an idea as less important than it is for emphasis

juxtaposition

Placement of two things side by side for emphasis

asyndeton

leaving out conjunctions between words, phrases, clauses

antithesis

contrast of ideas or words in a balanced structure

anecdote

short story of an amusing or interesting event

connotation

the feelings or emotions surrounding a word

denotation

the literal meaning of a word

verbal irony

what is said is the opposite of what is meant.

alliteration

the repetition of initial consonant sounds

anaphora

Repetition of a word, phrase, or clause at the beginning of two or more sentences in a row.

imagery

language that appeals to the senses

paradox

a statement opposite of common sense, but still true

personification

giving human qualities to non-human things

simile

an explicit comparison using "like" or "as"

oxymoron

a paradox reduced to two words

polysyndeton

Deliberate use of many conjunctions for emphasis

extended simile

A simile that is developed over several lines of writing.

onomatopoeia

words that sound like what they mean

colloquial expressions

phrases that appear more often in spoken than in written language

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