A form of protest in which people sit and refuse to leave. Popularized after it was used to integrate Woolworth's lunch counter in Greensboro, N. Carolina.
Those who rode buses in an attempt to integrate bus stations in the South.
Civil Rights Act of 1964
This law, occuring the year after the March on Washington, outlawed discrimination in hiring and ended segregation in public places.
The part of the Constitution that made it illegal to require people to pay taxes to vote.
Voting Rights Act
This law ended literacy tests for voting and allowed federal officials to register voters in states that had discriminated in voting.
An organization that said African Americans should arm themselves with weapons to be ready to physically fight for their rights.
A civil rights leader who was a member of the Black Muslims but later changed his views to want "an honest white-black brotherhood". He was assassinated in 1965.
A group of African Americans that believed African Americans could only succeed if there were segregation between black and white.
African Americans using their economic power to create, and shop in, African American owned businesses.
African Americans learning more about their heritage.
Programs set up in the 1970s to hire and promote minorities, women and others who had been discriminated against in the past.
The first African American elected to the United States senate since Reconstruction.
National Organization for Women (NOW)
This organization worked for equal rights for women in jobs, pay and education.
Equal Pay Act of 1963
This law required equal pay for equal work.
Equal Rights Amendment (ERA)
A proposed amendment to the Constitution that has not yet been approved and said "Equality of rights under the law shall not be denied or abridged by the United States or by any state on account of sex."
Migrant farm workers
People who went from farm to farm doing work.
Person who formed the first union for migrant farm workers.
United Farm Workers (UFW)
The first union for migrant farm workers.
Voting Rights Act of 1975
This law required that, in areas with a large number of non-English-speaking residents, elections had to be held with bilingual ballots.
Asian American Political Alliance (AAPA)
An organization formed by college students for descendants of Chinese, Japanese, Filipino and other Asian cultures, to work together for the rights and cultural knowledge of Asian Americans.
American Indian Movement (AIM)
An organization that actively protested the treatment of Native Americans. In 1973, they took over Wounded Knee, South Dakota for several weeks to remind people how Indians were killed there in 1890.