Influenced by Homer and Virgil, kicked out by Augustus, his Metamorphoses is not an epic
Differences from Odyssey and Aeneid
No en medias res, centered around a theme, poem ends in present tense, book has an ending, Virgil relies on flashbacks and storytelling - but Ovid relies even more on this!!
Similarity of Aeneid
Everything must be structured and ordered, especially when dealing with Gods
Constraints of Aeneid
Must end with present - centered around getting to Caesar and Augustus
Does Jupiter have credibility? He wants to wipe out a whole civilization just because of one man.
Apollo - Daphne Story
Apollo made fun of Cupid so he was forced to love Daphne, but loved her so much it creeped her out. She became a laurel. Apollo is a loser in many ways!
Recreation of the Aeneid
Ovid ha to focus on Metamorphoses, so he basically summarizes the Aeneid in one page. Furthermore, he places a huge emphasis on Circe, making it seem like Aeneas actually visited her.
Structured, ordered, hierarchical...Gods are good and trying to help humans "the odyssey" (gods are well inclined towards mortals so long as mortals pay gods the appropriate respect)
About disorder, force, pleasure, not about justice and morality, Transformation is a trick to which Gods resort (to have sex with women), Hers is like an answer to Minerva's
Problem with Arachne
Spider's spin webs, but cannot tell stories! Athena sympathizes only slightly.
weaves a story of her being raped by a guy!
Arachne's similarities with Ovid
Arachne kind of identifies with rapists: so good at creating false images that they look real. Ovid does this too! His claim to greatness is what he can do on the page.
Arachne and Athena
Both virgins, both have only fathers, both prone to anger
End of Poem
Apotheosis of Caesar, Augustus, Ovid. Augustus seen as greater than Caesar