Art App Exam

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Primitive Art

the Worlds oldest art- usually done on the walls of caves to tell a story or to mark a particular event

Traditional Art

art that is familiar to most people in subject matter, form, and style

Abstract Art

art that doesn't depict objects in the natural world

Contemporary Art

Art that is produced in the present time

Fine Art

works that are created mainly to be admired

Commercial Art

Art that is experienced daily in newspapers, the internet, and television.

Folk Art

handmade items, such as pottery, woodcarving, and traditional costumes, produced by rural people with traditional lifestyles, instead of by professional artists

Relics

a surviving memorial of something past

Archeologist

an anthropologist who studies prehistoric people and their culture

Aesthetic Experience

your personal experience with a work of art

Descriptive line

lines that help us understand what we are seeing

Expressive line

Lines that express powerful emotions

Implied line

indicated indirectly

Lines of Sight

lines along which people look

Edges

line segments where the faces intersect

Closure

tendency to see complete figures where a line is left open

Outline

surrounds a shape, most basic

Contour line

outline the edges of forms or shapes

Abstract line

does not describe anything, meant to be seen as only a line

Horizontal

calm and relaxed

Diagonal

tense and uncomfortable

Vertical

strong and powerful

Zigzag

action and excitment

Curved

graceful, flowing movement

Optical mixing

the visual appearance of hatched black lines that are so thin and close together, they appear gray.

Geometric shape

shapes such as square, circle, or triangle that can be made with tools.

Organic shape

Free-form shapes found in nature.

Positive space

the enclosed areas or objects in an art work

Negative space

empty spaces surrounding shapes and forms

Open form

arrangement of elements and stuctures which follow no apparent pattern

Closed form

poetic form subject to a fixed structure and pattern

Foreshortening

a visual effect in which an object is shortened and turned deeper into the picture plane to give the effect of receding in space

Value

the lightness or darkness of a color

Value Scale

a diagram depicting a range of value from light to dark.

Chiaroscuro

artistic shading

Light Spectrum

How light is absorbed or reflected

Source of Color

light

Isaac Newton

Discovered the laws of gravity

Color Wheel

a circle containing a spectrum of color

Primary colors

red, blue, yellow

Secondary colors

Orange, Green, Violet

Intermediate colors

Red Orange; Yellow Green; Blue Violet; Yellow Orange; Blue Green; Red Violet

Color

an element of art that is derived from reflected light

Hue

a particular shade of a given color

Intensity

brightness or dullness of a hue

Warm colors

Red, Orange, Yellow

Cool colors

Blue, Green, Violet

Tint

created when white is added to a color

Shade

adding black to a color

Pigment

a colored chemical compound that absorbs light

Color scheme

a defined set of colors

Monochromatic

having only one color

Analogous colors

next to oneanother on the color wheel

Complementary colors

colors located directly opposite one another on the color wheel

Triad colors

Red, Yellow, and Blue are the main colors that make a triangle

Composition

what something is made of

Medium

a liquid with which pigment is mixed by a painter

Linear Perspective

parallel lines appear to converge with distance

Foreground

the part of a scene or representation that is nearest to the viewer

Middleground

the depth of plane that lies between the foreground and background

Background

Area of a picture that appears farthest from the viewer, and sets the theme

Implied Depth

making things in the picture seem further away

Overlapping

way of showing depth that deals with placing one object in front of the other

Size relationship

large objects appear closer because objects get smaller as they go into the distance

Placement

way of showing depth by placing smaller objects higher up on the picture plane

Detail

to add realistic features

Linear Perspective

parallel lines appear to converge with distance

Texture

the way something feels to the touch

Real texture

how a surface feels

Implied Texture

illusion of texture in an artwork, has to do with your past experiences with the picture

Unity

the quality or whole meaning to the artwork

Proximity

closeness between points

Similarity

group figures that are similar

Continuation

Elements that appear to flow or follow in the same direction are grouped together

Emphasis

Special attention; importance given to something

Focal Point

the visually dominant elements in a presentation; the center of interest

Rhythm

The pattern or beat of an artwork

Alternating rhythm

type of repetition in which two or more different patterns recur in an interchanging interval

Repetition

the act of repeating for dramatic effect

Progressive rhythm

repetition of a shape that changes in a regular pattern.

Variety

A number of different kinds; assortment

Balance

is the distribution of optical weight in the layout

Approximate Symmetry

The use of similar imagery on either side of a central axis

Symmetrical

balanced in arrangement; capable of division by a central line into similar halves

Asymetrical

not corresponding in size shape position etc.

Radial

Elements radiate out from a center point.

Movement

The act of changing the location of something

Actual movement

feeling of movement or literal movement (Kinetic)

Optical art

formal elements being manipulated, manipulate human nervous system

Sequential movement

one after the other, two or more counts apart from execution

Elements of Art

line, value, shape, color, and texrure

Principles of Art

unity, emphasis, variety, rhythm, balance, and movement

"The Bath"

Mary Cassatt

"100 cans"

Andy Warhol, Mr. D's favorite artist

"The Scream"

Edvard Munch

"Circle limit IV"

MC Escher

"Waterloo Bridge"

Claude Monet

"Composition in white, blue, and red"

Piet Mondrian

"Mae West"

American actress

"Falling Shoestring Potatoes"

Claes Oldenburg

"Wrapped Coast, One Million Square Feet, Little Bay, Australia"

John Caldor

"Bathing At Asnieres"

Georges-Pierre Seurat

"The Artist's Bedroom at Arles"

Vincent Van Gogh

"Lunch of the Boating Party"

Pierre-Auguste Renoir

"Three Musicians"

Pablo Picasso

"The Piet"

Fredrik Hylten-Cavallius

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