Adolescence and Young Adulthood Final

Created by SydnieR 

Upgrade to
remove ads

92 terms

Anorexia

15% less than body weight. Emotional disorder characterized by obsession with food and weight

Restorative Justice

Teens have to do community service as punishment for their crimes-they give back to the community

Trichomanoiasis

Second most common STD. Infection of the vagina and urethra. Men have no symptoms and women have vaginal discharge

HPV

Most common STD can cause warts. Present in males and females. Associated with cervical cancer. Gaurdisal vaccine

Serial Monogamy

One dates and has intercourse with one person at a time

Popularity

Sociometric- measures quantity of friends and how many ppl like you
Perceived- measure of social dominance and status

Homosociality

Adolescents who are only social with people of the same gender

Heterosociality

teens and adults who befriend people of the opposite sex

Autosociality

children who play alongside but not with other kids

Crowds

Loos association of cliques--herds

Liasons

People who are friends with several different cliques but belong to none

Cliques

Relatively small tightly knit groups of friends who spend a lot/ all of their time together

Parent Adolescent Conflict

Causes: Outlook (what is/isn't acceptablt)
Areas for Conflict: social life and customs, responsibility, school, family relations, social conventions
Variables: teen gender, parent gender, teen age

Permissive Parents

Parents who exercise limited control of children (indulgent and neglectful)

Authoritative/ Democratic

Maintain control of children and value children's opinion

Authoritarian

Set many rules and strictly enforced them

Cohesion

Degree to which families are connected

Disengaged

Families whose members are isolated from one another

enmeshed

Families whose members are too closely connected

Affect

Feelings that exist among family members (+/-)

Connection

Warm stable loving attentive bond between parents and children

Regulations

Combination of guidance and control in parenting that creates 4 parenting styles

Psychological Autonomy

Freedome to form personal opinion, have privacy and decide their own rules

Prosocial Behavior

Actions benefiting, helping, and bolstering others (opposite antisocial behavior)

Values of Clarification

Way of teaching values that is process based so that students become aware of their own beliefs

Immanent Justice

Ultimately you will get punished for transgressions

Parental Identification

Associated with Foreclosure, when child identifies with parents

Blended Biculturalism

Person finds commonalities between ethnic background and mainstream culture

Diffusion

No crisis and no commitments to any sort of identity

Foreclosure

have not experienced a crisis but are committed to a certain identity

Moratorium

delay for teens who are not ready to make a commitment to anything. Have experienced crisis without commitment

Self-Concept

Conscious cognitive perception and assessment of themselves

Self-Esteem

Person's Impression/opinion of themselves

Triarchic Theory

Sternberg: Analytic, Creative, and Practical

Corpus Collosum

Fibrous Band of tissue connecting two hemisphere

Affirmation

Strategy to prove hypothesis

Negation

Strategy to disprove hypothesis

Inference

Develop new thoughts from old info

Confirmation strategy

looking for evidence to prove hypothesis

Elimination Strategy

Looking for evidence to disprove hypothesis

Memory Storage

3 Stages: Sensory, Short-term, Long-term

Personal Fable

Believing that you are the only one going through what you are going through

Egocentrism

Thinking that the world revolves around you

Pseudostupidity

Overthinking an easy problem so that you get it wrong not because you don't understand but because you made it too complicated

IIIB (Formal Operation)

Systematic way of solving for concrete operations that can be proven- hypthetico-deductive reasoning

IIIA (Formal Operation)

Concrete operations crudely done without ability to define how they got to their answer

Seriation

Arranging things in order of size

Class Inclusion Relationships

Ability to understand that object can belong in multiple parts of a hierarchy

Hierarchical Classification

Ability to divide categories into nested categories

Sensorimotor

Mastery of kinesthetic up to age 2

Preoperational

2-7 Language acquisition. Egocentric thinking Transductive thinking progresses into inductive and deductive thinking. Animism and centering

Formal Operation

IIIA and IIIB 7-15 development continuation of concrete operational phase. Begin to see hypothetico-deductive reasoning

Concrete Operational

Early adolescents 7-12 has to do with hierarchical classifications and class inclusions relationships conservation problems

Pustules

Pimples

Papules

Precursor to pimples- tender raised bumps

Sebaceous Glands

Oil producing glands in the skin whose secretions can cause acne because blocks pores

Merocrine Glands

Sweat Glands distributed over entire body

Early Maturing Boys

Positive Experience. Given more leadership roles, taken more seriously, more extracurriculars, lots of freedom

Early Maturing Girls

Negative Experience. Taller, heavier, more sexualized than peers. different from peers. Hang out with older boys, internalizing disorders (depression and anxiety) higher delinquency and sexual activity

Late Maturing Girls

Get left out of several social engagements, have guy friends only, not as much critiques

Mesomorph

In between an ectomorph and an endomorph

Ectomorph

Tall, long, thin, lanky

Endomorph

Fatter, heavier, thicker

Cowper's Glands

Male secrete alkaline fluid to neutralize the vaginal fluids contains semen and sperm

Bartholin's Glands

Located in vaginal walls secretes fluid during sexual activity

Thalamus

Two masses of gray matter lying between the cerebral hemispheres and controls involunatry actions

Vas Deferenes

Tubes running from epididymus to urethra that carry semen and sperm to ejaculatory duct

Urethra

Carries urine from bladder out
Men: also carries semen and seminal fluid

Hypothalamus

Small located in forebrain
Controls motivation, emotion, pleasure, body pain, eating, drinking, homronal production, menstraution, pregnancy, lactation and sex responses

Cerebrum

Largest part of the brain, divided into 2 halves, or 4 parietal lobes

Cerebellum

Controls balance, coordination, learning

Detention Center

Reception and diagnostic centers while people are awaiting hearing. If post hearing they are there since they needed supervision provided by wardens of the state

Patterns of Drug Use

1) Experimental
2) Social-Recreational
3) Circumstantial-Situational
4)Intensified
5)Compulsive

Ritalin

Methylphenidate stimulant prescribed to ADHD teens

Binge Drinking

5+ drinks in one sitting

Alcohol Abuse

The excessive use of alcohol resulting in impaired functioning

Alcoholism

Chemical dependency on alcohol accompanies by compulsive and excessive drinking

Compromise with Reality Theory

Ginzberg's
the theory of vocational choice by Ginzberg. Vocational selection is a developmental process composed of subdecisions
Fantasy, Tentative, Realistic Stage

Ginzberg

Compromise with Reality Theory

Tentative Stage

11-17 yrs Substages:
Interest Period: choices based on interest
Capacities Period: capacities compared to levels of preparation
Values Period: relate occupational roles to own interests and values

Realistic Stage

17 On Substages:
Exploration: search for greater knowledge and understanding
Crystallization: Commit to general area of employment
Specification

Gottfredson

Circumscription and Compromise

Circumscription

limiting one's career aspirations to a set of acceptable choices based on interests and values

Compromise

modifying one's career choices to bring them in line with reality

Holland

Occupational Environment Theory

Occupational Environment Theory

Artistic-self is expressive/independent
Conventional-systematic & organized- banker
Enterprising-ambitious & outgoing-lawyer principal
Investigative-intellectual exacting- architect biologist
Realistic-practical- carpenter, cop, pilot

Structural Barriers

Externally imposed limits on a woman's career success that result from sex discrimination

Normative Barriers

Limitations on career choice that stem from how girls are socialized to be feminine
Place spouse's career before their own, take care of children instead etc

Self-Efficacy

Belief that one is competent enough to complete and master a task

Demography

the branch of sociology that studies the characteristics of human populations

PTSD

an anxiety disorder associated with serious traumatic events and characterized by such symptoms as survivor guilt, reliving the trauma in dreams, numbness and lack of involvement with reality, or recurrent thoughts and images

Treatments for Depression

Tricyclic Antidepressants
SSRIs
ETC (shock therapy)

Please allow access to your computer’s microphone to use Voice Recording.

Having trouble? Click here for help.

We can’t access your microphone!

Click the icon above to update your browser permissions above and try again

Example:

Reload the page to try again!

Reload

Press Cmd-0 to reset your zoom

Press Ctrl-0 to reset your zoom

It looks like your browser might be zoomed in or out. Your browser needs to be zoomed to a normal size to record audio.

Please upgrade Flash or install Chrome
to use Voice Recording.

For more help, see our troubleshooting page.

Your microphone is muted

For help fixing this issue, see this FAQ.

Star this term

You can study starred terms together

NEW! Voice Recording

Create Set