The spatial spreading or dissemination of a culture element (such as a technological innovation) or some other phenomenon (e.g., a disease outbreak).
An idea or innovation develops in a core area & remains strong there while spreading outward.
Individuals carry an innovation or idea to a new place where they spread it.
Less dominant culture adopts elements of the dominant culture.
The process in which a culture loses differentiating traits, when they come into contact with another society or culture.
Cultural borrowing that occurs when different cultures of equal status come into close contact.
Nearly all adjacent individuals are affected by the spreading of an idea, innovation, etc. through contact from person to person.
A form of diffusion in which an idea or innovation spreads by "trickling" down from larger to smaller adoption units.
Ideas may or may not be adopted by other cultures and may result in local experimentation.
Occurs when the same ideas appear in separate areas.
Human behavior strongly controlled by the environment.
Humans are the decision makers and modifiers, not environmental forces.
The knowledge, attitudes, and behaviors shared and transmitted by members of a society.
The spread of an idea or innovation from its hearth to other cultures.
The forms and artifacts sequentially placed on the physical landscape by the activities of various human occupants.
Places from which ideas or innovations originate.
A single attribute of culture.
A cluster of regions in which related culture systems prevail.
A related set of culture traits.
A region within which common cultural characteristics prevail.
Includes traits, territory, and shared history.
Area inhabited and transformed by a succession of cultural groups.