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5 Written questions

5 Matching questions

  1. down syndrome
  2. prototype
  3. morpheme
  4. mental retardation
  5. syntax
  1. a the grammatical arrangement of words in sentences
  2. b a mental image or best example of a category
  3. c in a language, the smallest unit that carries meaning; may be a word or a part of a word (such as a prefix)
  4. d a condition of limited mental ability, indicated by an intelligence score of 70 or below and difficulty in adapting to the demands of life; varies from mild to profound
  5. e a condition of retardation and associated physical disorders caused by an extra chromosome in one's genetic makeup

5 Multiple choice questions

  1. judging the likelihood of things in terms of how well they seem to represent, or match, particular prototypes; may lead one to ignore other relevent information
  2. heuristic in which the probabiltiy of an event is determined by how redily it comes to mind
  3. the inability to see a problem from a new perspective; an impediment to problem solving
  4. the proportion of variation among individuals that we can attribute to genes
  5. Clinging to one's initial conceptions after the basis on which they were formed has been discredited

5 True/False questions

  1. telegraphic speechearly speech stage in which a child speaks like a telegram--'go car'--using mostly nouns and verbs and omitting 'auxiliary' words


  2. semanticsthe study of meaning in language


  3. Wechsler Adult Intelligence Scaleunderlies specific mental abilities and is therefore measured by every task on an intelligence test


  4. intelligencethe ability to learn from experience, to use information, to understand things


  5. two-word stagethe stage in speech development, from about age 1 to 2, during which a child speaks mostly in single words


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