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5 Written questions

5 Matching questions

  1. two-word stage
  2. representative heuristic
  3. belief bias
  4. mental set
  5. functional fixedness
  1. a judging the likelihood of things in terms of how well they seem to represent, or match, particular prototypes; may lead one to ignore other relevent information
  2. b the tendency to think of things only in terms of their usual functions; an impediment to problem solving
  3. c a tendency to approach a problem in a particular way, often a way that has been successful in the past
  4. d beginning about age 2, the stage in speech development during which a child speaks mostly two-word statements
  5. e the tendency for one's preexisting beliefs to distort logical reasoning, sometimes by making invalid conclusions seem valid, or valid conclusions seem invalid

5 Multiple choice questions

  1. a sudden and often novel realization of the solution to a problem
  2. the proportion of variation among individuals that we can attribute to genes
  3. a test designed to predict a person's future performance
  4. a statistical procedure that identifies clusters of related items (called factors) on a test; used to identify different dimensions of performance that underlie one's total score
  5. defined originally as the ratio of mental age to chronological age multiplied by 100

5 True/False questions

  1. stereotype threata test designed to predict a person's future performance

          

  2. content validitythe extent to which a test samples the behavior that is of interest

          

  3. mental retardationa tendency to approach a problem in a particular way, often a way that has been successful in the past

          

  4. confirmation biasall the mental activities associated with thinking, knowing, remembering, and communicating

          

  5. belief perserverencethe tendency for one's preexisting beliefs to distort logical reasoning, sometimes by making invalid conclusions seem valid, or valid conclusions seem invalid

          

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