French royal family from 1598
English King beheaded during Civil War
Charles II (England)
English King who returned to the throne at the Restoration 1660
Charles II (Spain)
last Habsburg in Spain - his death caused the War of the Spanish succession
L14's finance minister - 5 Great Farms
Roundhead leader in English Civil war & later Lord Protector
French philosophe - coordinate geometry, cogito ergo sum
Fredrick William the Great Elector
Hohenzollern ruler of Brandenburg-Prussia - first to focus on army
first King of Prussia
Italian scientist -
Swedish king - champion of Lutherans in 30 Years War
1st Bourbon king of France, "Paris is worth a Mass," Edict of Nantes
English philosopher, people are born bad, "Leviathan"
royal family of Brandenburg, then Prussia, then Germany
1st Stuart king of England, also James VI of Scotland, King James Bible
English king overthown in Glorious Revolution
planets have elliptical orbits
English philosopher, "tabula rasa"
Sun King, Versailles, "L'etat, c'est moi"
co-monarch with William III after Glorious Revolution
RCC cardinal, chief minister of L14
English Puritan poet
French playwright, comedies of manners
French philosopher, essayist, sceptic
English scientist, gravity, calculus
French philiosophe, mathematician
Dutch, Baroque painter
RCC cardinal, ran French gov't for Louis XIII
Russian royal family
Dutch, philosoper, rationalism
HRE general in 30 Years War
Prince of Orange, became co-monarch of England after Glorious Revolution
English chancellor, scientific method, inductive reasoning
Italian architect, dome of Florence Cathedral (Duomo)
Italian Renaissance book of manners "The Courtier"
French royal family from 1589
Catherine de Medici
Wife of Henry II of France, controlled France during regency and son's reigns
Spanish writer "Don Quixote"
The ocean blue
Polish astronomer, heliocentric theory
Italian writer "Divine Comedy"
Italian Turtle artist, first nude since ancients, bronze David
Tudor queen til 1603
Ferdinand of Aragon
king of part of Spain, marriage united Spain
Isabella of Castile
queen of part of Spain, marriage united Spain
English pirate, commander against the Spanish Armada
German family, bankers to the HRE
German, developed movable type
Valois king of France, killed jousting
first Bourbon king of France, "Paris is worth a Mass"
winner Battle of Bosworth Field, first Tudor king of England
established Church of England, 6 wives
Protestant leader, predestination, Geneva,
Calvinist leader of Scotland, "A Trumpet Blast Against the Monstrous Reign of Women"
Warrior Pope, sponsored Michelangelo & Raphael
rebuilt St. Peter's Basilica, sent out indulgence sellers
Leonardo da Vinci
Lorenzo the Magnificent
Medici ruler of Florence, art patron
founder of the Jesuits
Italian writer "The Prince"
"here I stand, I cannot do otherwise"
"Bloody Mary" returned England to the RCC
Mary Queen of Scots
Catholic rival for the English throne; killed after plotting against Elizabeth
"Pieta," Sistine Chapel ceiling, "David"
chancellor of England, "Utopia," excuted for refusing to swear to Henry VIII as head of church
Italian poet, wrote in vernacular, invented sonnets
son of Charles V, inherited Spain, married Mary I of England
Prince Henry the Navigator
Portuguese ruler, sponsored voyages of exploration
"The School of Athens"
established theocracy in florence, bonfire of the vanities
leader of Spanish Inquisition, which no one expected - let's face it, you can't Torquemada anything
French royal family before 1589
Vasco de Gama
explorer, rounded Africa first
tsar at Congress of Vienna
last monarch of the Stuart line
the most famous Baroque composer
the greatest good to the greatest number
English conservative opposed French Rev
CATHERINE THE GREAT
Russian enlightened despot
DUKE OF MARLBOROUGH
won the major battle in the War of the Spanish Succession
Fr Rev leader worked with Robespierre
editor of "The Encyclopedia"
chief minister of Louis XV
French utopian socialist
HRE during French Revolution
FREDERIC II THE GREAT
Prussia's enlightened despot
first king of the Hanover family
last king of the 13 colonies
German Baroque composer "The Messiah"
British satirical artist
Austria's truly enlightened despot
Austrian foreign minister-set up Diplomatic Revolution
founder of the Mississippi Company
"Apres moi, le deluge"
wrote "Essay on the Principle of Population"
French revolutionary journalist murdered in his bath
Austria's pseudo-enlightened despot
Austrian wife of Louis XVI
French philosopher - separation of powers
Austrian Baroque composer & child prodigy
PM during American Revolution
Utopian socialist & founded New Lanark model factory
wrote "The Rights of Man"
PETER THE GREAT
brought modern ideas to Russia
led rebellion against Catherine the Great
Leader of Committee on Public Safety
back to nature Swiss-French philosopher
wrote "What is the Third Estate?"
Scottish economist - laissez faire
the warming pan baby
tried to seize British throne in 1745
first British Prime Minister
founder of Methodist church
wrote "The Rights of Woman"