______ was the first to systematically invetigate cognitive development and identified several distinct stages.
Trust vs. Mistrust (0-18 months)
If child's needs are met, a sense of trust is developed; if not, mistrust may develop
Attachment styles (4) may be...
...avoidant, ambivalent, disorganized/disoriented.
Separation anxiety is most pronounced between ___ and ___ months.
12 and 16
Piaget's Cognitive Development Stages
Concrete (Aprrox. 1st grade-early adolescence)
Formal Operations (adolescence)
Stages of Development
Infancy & toddlerhood (0-3)
Early Childhood (4-5)
Middle Childhood (6-12)
Early Adulthood (18-34)
Middle Adeulthood (34-60)
Late Adulthood (60+)
Initiative Versus Guilt
If child's curiosity and exploratory nature is accepted and rewarded, the positive outcome of this stage is a sense of initiative and inquisitiveness/if not, fearful and timid
Industry Versus Inferiority
If children's efforts are valued, appreciated and encouraged, child will explore, be ope and accept criticism well. If not, may develop inferiority and low self-esteem
Group Identity Versus Alienation
Belonging to a group based on attitudes, behaviors, style or ethnic ID
OR alientation, rejection, withdrawal
Loyalty versus repudiation
Acceptance and rejection of family values
Identity Status (4) in adolescence
1. Identity diffusion (aimless/disoriented fragmented identity)
2. Identity foreclosure: (Premature commitment to an identity/may be inauthentic)
3. Identity moratorium: Searching/deliberation delaying commitment to an ID
4. Identity achievement
Intimacy Versus Isolation (which dev. stage?)
Generativity Versus Stagnation
Middle adulthood- Wingness to give back or detached self-absortion
Immortality Versus Extinction
Integrity Versus Despair
Satified versus regretful
Desrcribe Piaget's SENSORIMOTOR phase (0-2)
Learns about self, environment via motor and reflex actions. Thought from sensation and movement. The child learns that separateness from environment/parents/ favorite toy/object permanenc Teaching for a child in this stage should be geared to the sensorimotor system. You can modify behavior by using the senses: a frown, a stern or soothing voice -- all serve as appropriate techniques.