expresses a complete thought; example: My father travels around the country.
tell about the movement from the outside to the inside
three or more
to tell about differences
do not use in the place of "have"
sentence that makes a statement; uses a period; example: Janelle is painting a picture of an imaginary place.
sentence that asks a questions; uses a ? mark; example: Who could ever create a more imaginative scene?
sentence gives a command; uses a period; example: Think about all the uses for artwork.
sentence expresses strong feeling; uses an ! point; example: Who could ever create a more imaginative scene!
four kinds of sentences
declarative, interrogative, imperative, exclamatory
Include a ____ and a predicate in every sentence.
Use a ____ and a subject in every sentence.
whom or what the sentence is about; example: One PERSON described her experience.
tells something about the subject; example: One person DESCRIBED HER EXPERIENCE.
all the words in a subject; example: MY TWO OLDER BROTHERS stared at me silently.
is the main word or words in a subject; example: My two older BROTHERS stared at me silently.
Sometimes the complete ____ and simple ____ are the same; example: XAVIER stared at me silently.
all the words in a predicate; example: Everyone in my house IS KEEPING A SECRET.
is the main word or words in a predicate; example: Everyone in my house IS KEEPING a secret.
Sometimes the complete ____ and simple ___ are the same; example: Everyone SMILES.
two or more simple subjects with the same predicate; example: JON congratulated the actress. STACY congratulated the actress. --> JON and STACY congratulated the actress.
two or more predicates with the same subject; usually joined by AND or OR; example: We WILL FIND the card catelog or WILL ASK the librarian for help.
combines two or more simple sentences; can be joined by a comma and connecting words such as AND, OR, or BUT...or by a semi-colon; example: A crater can be formed by a bomb, or it can be formed by meteorite.
joins a words or groups of words; can be AND, OR, or BUT; can be used to combine sentences; example: Janet lives in Austen, AND Elizabeth lives in New York.
a word or a group of words that expresses strong feeling; you can separate an interjection from the rest of a sentence with either an exclamation point or a comma, depending on the strength of the feeling; examples: Whew! That was close! Oh, no!
does not express a complete thought; example: Tells an interesting story.
strings together two or more sentences without clearly separating them; example: This picture is his it is not yours.
adding details to sentences to make them more clear and more interesting
a group of words that work together; example: from the kitchen window
a group of words that have a subject and a predicate; some stand alone; others cannot; example: Everyone should know about medical emergencies.
expresses a complete thought and can stand alone as a simple sentence
contains a subject and a predicate, but doesn't express a complete thought or stand alone; example: AFTER THEY LEARNED ABOUT TOXIC WASTE.
consist of one independent clause and at least one dependent clause
AFTER, IF, SINCE, UNTIL, WHETHER, or WHEN connects the two clauses into one sentence; example: The senators left the capitol AFTER THE SESSION WAS ADJOURNED.
is a noun or a pronoun that follows an action verb; example: The vet sent ME a reminder to bring my dogs in for their shots.
a noun that identifies or explains the noun or pronoun it follows; usually set off by commas; example: Robert Miller, the JUDGE, sentenced the criminal to prison.
noun or pronoun that follows a linking verb and renames the subject; example: Susan B. Anthony was an early FEMINIST. (noun) / It was SHE who led the woman's suffrage movement to victory. (pronoun)
compound predicate nominative
Predicate nominatives sometimes contain more than one noun. These are called ____. example: Mahatma Ghandi was a Hindu religious LEADER and a social REFORMER in India.
an adjective that follows a linking verb and modifies the subject of a sentence; example: A freshly baked pie is DELIGHTFUL to the eye and nose.
compound predicate adjective
Predicate adjectives sometimes contain more than one adjective. These are called ____. example: The job applicant seems HONEST and RELIABLE.
a noun or pronoun that follows an action verb; they tell or what receives the action; example: I inherited a pet DEER from the former residents of my house. (tells what) or The surgical team asked DR. HABIB to explain the procedure. (tells who)
subordinate clause used as a noun; examples: WHAT YOU SAY is true.
used as an adjective; it is a form of a verb used as an adjective to modify a noun or pronoun; example: The RUNNING water was moving dangerously fast.
contains a participle and acts as an adjective; examples: They arrested the man DRIVING THE CAR.
verb + ing used as a noun; example: SWIMMING is a good exercise.
consist of a gerund and related words; example: SWIMMING IN THE LAKE is a good exercise.
present tense of a verb preceded by the word TO; it may be used as a noun, an adjective, or an adverb; example: TO EXERCISE is a healthful habit.
To correct a ____, place the participial closer to the word it modifies; example: (incorrect: PLAYING SOLITAIRE, at the table sat a bored young man. / correct: At the table sat a bored young man PLAYING SOLITAIRE.)
use an adverb to avoid these; example: (incorrect: I wanted to SLOWLY SEE the city. / correct: I wanted TO SEE the city SLOWLY.)
Place a ___ as close to the word it describes; example: (incorrect: The man looks like a spy WITH THE HAT. / correct: The man WITH THE HAT looks like a spy.)
contains a subject and a predicate, but does not express a complete thought, and cannot stand alone; often begins with a subordinating conjunction, such as AFTER, ALTHOUGH, BECAUSE, BEFORE, IF, SINCE, WHEN, or WHILE; example: People became more sensitive to pollution problems AFTER THEY LEARNED ABOUT TOXIC WASTE.
modifies a noun or a pronoun; majority of these clauses are introduced by relative pronouns such as WHO, WHOSE, WHOM, WHICH, and THAT; example: She lost the ring THAT YOU GAVE HER.
is descriptive or explanatory and can be omitted without changing the essential meaning; example: My father, WHO WAS COACHING THE BASEBALL TEAM, met us at the ballpark.
is a subordinate clause that modifies a verb, an adjective, or another adverb