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2009, unemployment in Parisian suburbs that are home to many Muslims exceeded

50%

Apple's iPod was introduced in

1975

A dramatic social development affecting the status and expectations of women in Western Europe since the 1960s has been

a persistent decline in birth rates across Europe with Spain's becoming the lowest in the world.

Bosnians, Croations, and Serbs met in Dayton, Ohio, in 1995 an

negotiated an end to the war in Bosni

The British prime minister who gave support to the United States in the war on terror and in the Iraq W

tony blair

"al-Qaeda" means

the base

British Prime Minister Tony Blair's centrist policies were most reminiscent of

bill clinton

An example of nationalist terrorism is the

IRA

What caused massive rioting in the suburbs of Paris in 2005?

resentment of some young Muslims about unemployment and living conditions

The ruling policies of Mikhail Gorbachev in the Soviet Union

evoked a "New Thinking" about world affairs and the balance of power leading to new arms limitation treaties and greater autonomy for Communist regimes in Eastern Europe.

An example of multiculturalism in literature would be

Jhumpa Lahiri's Interpreter of Maladies.

All of the following are examples of the women's movement except

the lack of success in repealing laws against birth control and abortion in Europe.

The tactic of "ethnic cleansing," murdering or forcibly removing ethnic minorities from their lands in the former Yugoslavia, is a savage strategy of modern political terror practiced most brutally by

SERBS

A serious criticism of the digital revolution is

it has displaced cultural uniqueness and bodily presence

The major issue that troubled Italian society in recent decades has been

political corruption.

In 1988, the first free parliamentary elections to occur in Eastern Europe for forty years took place in

POLAND

After the fall of the Soviet Union, Russia struggled with all of the following except:

a renewed Communist Party majority which took over the government.

Under Vladimir Putin's presidency, all of the following occurred except

Russia ended its war in Chechnya

The Yugoslavian president ousted from power in 2000 and who was subsequently put on trial for war crimes against humanity was

Slobodan Milosevic.

The American president who helped maintain a Vietnam-like war in Afghanistan the by aiding anti-Soviet insurgents was

ronald regan

By the mid-1960s, what was the primary concern of the United States?

china

Who wrote the book, Small Is Beautiful?

E F Schumacher

Under the U.S. presidency of Jimmy Carter, a major goal of American foreign policy was

the protection of human rights globally

n 1965, who called the United States "the greatest danger in the world today to peace"?

Charles de Gaulle.

The 1975 Helsinki Agreements

recognized all borders in central and eastern Europe established since World War II thereby acknowledging a Soviet sphere of influence in Eastern Europe.

In the late 1970s, punk rock music was exemplified by

sex pistols

The West German chancellor whose policy of Ostpolitik improved relations with East Germany was

will brandt

The economic problems of the United States in the 1970s have been labeled

stagflation

Small" wars like the ones in Vietnam and Afghanistan demonstrated that

there would be wars that the superpowers could not win against a strong nationalist and guerrilla-type opposition.

he influential philosopher who believed that a small group of students could liberate the masses from their control of the capitalist ruling class was

herbert marcuse

The American president who journeyed to the People's Republic of China in 1972 was

richard nixon

In the 1960s, college and university students complained and demonstrated against all of the following except:

declining enrollments

All of the following occurred in Great Britain under Margaret Thatcher except

improved industrial in midlands

In the 1960s, Marshall McLuhan predicted that the scenario for the future would be

global village

The terrorist group who murdered Israeli athletes at the 1972 Olympic Games was the

black september

Under the Brezhnev Doctrine

the Soviets declared the right of intervention if a socialist state were threatened.

The issue that led to Jimmy Carter's defeat in 1980 was

his inability to gain the release of American hostages held in Iran.

Ronald Reagan did all of the following except

raised taxes on the wealthy.

The Solidarity movement in Poland

was outlawed in 1981 and its leaders arrested.

Charles de Gaulle withdrew from politics in 1946 because

he believed the Fourth Republic had become weak.

The civil rights movement of the 1950s and 1960s included all of the following except

saw the Supreme Court approve the concept of "separate but equal" in public schools.

The policy created in 1947 and used by the Americans against Communism was called

containment.

In 1956 in Poland, Wladyslaw Gomulka

declared his nation's right to follow its own socialist path.

An example of the relaxation of repressive Stalinism during Khrushchev's regime was the publication of

Solzhenitsyn's A Day in the Life of Ivan Denisovich.

African independence parties were usually led by

Western-educated intellectuals.

At the Twentieth Congress of the Communist Party in 1956, Khrushche

condemned Stalin.

The American artist Jackson Pollock was most noted for

Abstract Expressionist paintings.

In the postwar world, Canada

experienced many of the same developments as the United States.

One country that was not an original member of the European Coal and Steel Community was

england

The one issue on which the Arab states were united was

palestine

The Indonesian president who was suspicious of the West, sought economic aid from China and the Soviet Union, and relied at home on a native communist party was

sukarno

The Common Market was

founded for economic reasons, including to promote free trade among member nations.

The event that immediately preceded and sparked the Cuban Missile Crisis was

the bay pigs

American motion pictures in the post-war years have

been the primary vehicle for the diffusion of American popular culture throughout the world

The Warsaw Pact included all of the following nations except

Yugoslavia

overall effect of the Korean W on the Cold War was

the reinforcement of the American determination to "contain" Soviet power.

The Truman Doctrine was a consequence of a civil war in

greece

The philosophical doctrine of existentialism stressed

he need for people to create their own values and give their lives meaning.

The social structure of the postwar European society has been greatly affected by a dramatic increase in the number of

white collar manegment

By 1933, the Japanese Empire included all of the following, excep

Kauai.

The turning point of the North African campaign came

at El Alamein where the British stopped Rommel in the summer of 1942.

At the Battle of Stalingrad

Hitler realized that he could not defeat the Soviet Union.

The only country to use women as combatants in World War II was

sovient union

War broke out between Russia and Germany in 1941 when

germany attacked russia

The Nationalist leader of China in the 1930s was

Chiang Kai-shek.

Civilian bombing was done mainly

break will to resist

allied bombing raids on German civilians

contrary to expectations, produced stubborn resistance from the German people.

Domestic circumstances in the United States differed significantly from the situations in the Soviet Union and Great Britain because

us had more money andresources

In the Allied bombing strategy in Europe, Americans participated

primarily in daytime, precision bombing of German strategic targets.

Following the Second World War, Germany was

divided into 4

By the end of 1945, how many of Hiroshima's residents had died?

140000

Chief among the reasons for Japanese expansion in the 1930s were

an expanding population and severe lack of natural resources on the island nation.

Hitler's first act of aggression took place in 1936 when the Germans occupied what area?

rhineland

Following the Allied evacuation at Dunkirk, France

soon surrendered and the Vichy government was set up as a German puppet state.

Hitler's plan for defeating Britain relied on

controlling skies

In pursuing the war against the Axis powers, the Grand Alliance demanded of its opponents

unconditional surrender

The Middle Eastern Muslim nation that made a conscious effort to adopt a Westernized secular culture after World War I was

turkey

The most famous of the Surrealistic painters was

salvadori dali

The Stalinist era in the 1930s witnessed

millions of ordinary citizens arrested and sent into force labor camps.

Lenin's New Economic Policy was designed to

increase the production of food and consumer goods.

Joseph Stalin's emergence as leader of the Communist party was aided by

his position as general secretary of the Bolshevik party.

Hitler brought Germany out of the Depression

through rearmament and public works.

Artistic and intellectual trends in the inter-war years reflected

disillusionment with Western Civilization provoked by the horrors of the World War I.

A major cause of the Great Depression in Europe was

the recall of American loans from European markets.

The most famous and spectacular of the Nazi mass demonstrations were held in the city of

Nuremberg

Not associated with the new literary techniques of the 1920's was

erntest rutherd

How many Italians are estimated to have died during World War I

700000

Strength through Joy"

monitored and homogenized the leisure time of the German workers.

The Lateran Accords of 1929

recognized Catholicism as the sole religion of Itally

Among the positive achievements of the Stalinist era in the Soviet Union wa

more eduation

Culture in Nazi Germany centered around

petty-bourgeois art, with sentimental and realistic scenes glorifying strong, heroic Aryans.

The Nazi policies toward women

claimed that through childbearing and service in the home women would bring about the triumph of the Aryan race

The dominant form of government in Eastern Europe in the 1920s and 1930s was

authoritarianism.

The Spanish Civil War ended with the victory of

francisco franco

Which one of the following states first adopted fascism

italy

The physicist Walter Heisenberg was most noted for

proposing that uncertainty was at the bottom of all physical laws

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