Ch. 6 Cell Structure and Function

Created by MathieuJonz 

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pretty much the test :)

Where are ribosomes made?

nucleolus

The interbal space of the rough ER

cisternae

The garbage collectors of the cell

lysosome

Large sack in plant cell that stores water

vacuole

Foldede inner membrane of the mitochondria where the cellular respiration occurs

cristae

all are part of the choloroplast EXCEPT

mitonchondria

the thickest of the cytosjeleton filaments are

microtubules

what two fuels are needed by the mitonchondria in order to make ATP?

O2 & C6 H12 O6

This organelle acts like the United States Postal Service, in that it collects, stores, modifies, and ships out proteins to be exported?

golgi

This organelle is a protein factory

ribosome

this organelle is a maze-like extension of the nuclear membrane

endoplasmic reticulum

the cytoskeleton has this or these functions

cell structure and support
anchorage of organelles
movement for and within the cell

a prokaryote cell would not have

nucleus
ER (smooth and rough)
lysosomes

a eukaryote cell has DNA in this form

single stranded (half the ladder)

this organelle is thought to have once been a prokaryote

mitochondria

this organelle is found in plants and has its own DNA and a green pigment

choloroplast

the stoacks of dic shaped internal sacks of a choloroplast are called

grana

this organelle is responsible for regulating Calcium levels for muscle cell contractions

smooth ER

the liquid part of a cell is known as

cytoplasm

made of cpomplex-carbohydrate this strucure is rigid and helps protect single celled organisms

cell wall

this organelle is abundant in liver cells because it helsp to metablozie toxins

smooth ER

Cells that have no nucleus or membrane bound organelles

bacteria

the structure of the cell membrane is

a phospholipid bilayer

volume is the measurement of

length times width times height

DNA that is loosely packed and expressed hereditarty information

nucleiod

"Karyote" refers to what

ATP production

a "fluid mosaic of embeddexd protiens, fats, and carbohydrates" is describing the structure of

cell membrane

which cell structure woild be invloved in seperating DNA during cell division

microtubules

when single celled organisms join forces and function as one unified mass this is called

colonization

in multicellular animals and plants, cells are specialized to work together, this is called

tissues

the TISSUE of animals that covers the outside and the inside linings is called

epithelial

this animals tissue allows for involuntary contractions: example: diaphragm

smooth muscle

the theory that dscribes the belief that mitochondria and choloroplasts once were bacteria that have been taken in by larger cells to become eukaryotic organellse is called

Endosymbiotic Theory

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