Futuro, Condizionale, Imperativo, Periodo Ipotetico

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Futuro Semplice & Anteriore, Condizionale Presente & Passato, Imperativo, Periodo Ipotetico con Indicativo & Congiuntivo

Futuro Semplice Meaning/Usage

used to express an action that will occur in the future

Futuro Semplice Endings -ARE, -ERE, -IRE

for -ARE change A to E
drop final -E and add:
ò
ai
à
emo
ete
anno

Futuro Semplice of Essere

Sarò
Sarai
Sarà
Saremo
Sarete
Saranno

Futuro Semplice of Avere

Avrò
Avrai
Avrà
Avremo
Avrete
Avranno

Futuro Anteriore Meaning/Usage

Expresses actions that will be completed by a specific time in the future

Futuro Anteriore Formed by...

future of avere/esser + p.p. of the verb

Condizionale Presente Meaning/Usage

Same as English would + verb

Condizionale Presente Endings -ARE, -ERE, -IRE

for -ARE change A to E
Drop final -E and add:
ei
esti
ebbe
emmo
este
ebbero

Condizionale Presente of Essere

Sarei
Saresti
Sarebbe
Saremmo
Sareste
Sarbbero

Condizionale Presente of Avere

Avrei
Avresti
Avrebbe
Avremmo
Avreste
Avrebbero

Condizionale Passato Meaning/Usage

Same as English "would have"

Condizionale Passato Formed by...

condizionale presente of avere/essere + p.p. of verb

Imperativo Meaning/Usage

used to give orders and advice

Imperativo Endings...

same as present tense, except for tu form of -ARE verbs, those ones end in -a
EX) lavora! you work

Imperativo of Avere

-
abbi
abbia
abbiamo
abbiate
abbiano

Imperativo of Essere

-
sii
sia
siamo
siate
siano

Periodo Ipotetico con l'indicativo Meaning/Usage

used when the condition is real or possible, the indicative mood is used in the SE clause and in the clause indicating outcome
EX) se vuoi risparmiare, devi fare la spesa ai discount
if you want to save, you have to shop at discount markets

Periodo Ipotetico con il Congiuntivo Meaning/Usage

when the se clause describes conditions that are not likely to occur or situations that are contrary to fact, the IMPERFECT SUBJUNCTIVE is used in the SE clause and the CONDITIONAL is used in the the result clause
EX) se avessi più soldi, lo comprerei
if i had more money, i would buy it

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