Advertisement Upgrade to remove ads

Music in the Age of Enlightenment: Keyboard Music

Capitalism

an economic system in which the means of production of goods are privately owned and continually reinvested to bring ever-increasing wealth to private individuals

Alberti Bass

an animation of simple triads brought about by playing the notes successively and in a pattern; a distinctive component of the style of keyboard composer Domenico Alberti

Murky Bass

German name for a rumbling octave bass, created by repeating a bass note in alternating octaves, that became a favorite technique of both Italian and German keyboard composers of the eighteenth century

Pianoforte

original name for the piano because, unlike the harpsichord, its mechanism allowed the player to control the force of a blow to the string and thus could play piano or forte

Acciaccatura

a technique of crunching dissonant chords used by Domenico Scarlatti

Hand-Crossing

a technique in keyboard playing in which the left hand must cross over the right to create an exciting three-level texture

Frederick the Great

the enlightened king of north German Prussia who transformed Berlin into a cosmopolitan capital full of art and learning

Essay on the True Art of Playing the Keyboard

the most influential instruction book for keyboard in the 18th century, written by C.P.E. Bach

Empfindsamer Stil

German for "sensitive style," the term applied to the hyper-expressivity that affected northern European, and particularly German, arts generally in the second half of the eighteenth century

Bebung

German term for the vibrating sound produced by the clavichord technique of holding and "wiggling" a key up and down

Fantasia

an imaginative composition the exact nature of which depends on the period of origin; in earlier eras these were usually contrapuntal works; later, the term suggested an improvisatory piece in free form, or sometimes pieces incorporating preexisting themes

Bach-Abel Concerts

a series of public concerts begun in London in 1764 by J.C. Bach (son of J.S.) and another German musician, Carl Abel; the concerts featured the most recent works of Bach and Abel as well as other fashionable composers; continuing for nearly twenty years, they became a model for the public concert series in London and on the Continent

Square Piano

a small box-shape piano with strings running at right angles to the keys, which could be set upon a table or simple stand

Grand Piano

a term that first appeared in England toward the end of the eighteenth century that denoted a large piano with sturdy legs and strings running roughly in the same direction as the keys

Please allow access to your computer’s microphone to use Voice Recording.

Having trouble? Click here for help.

We can’t access your microphone!

Click the icon above to update your browser permissions above and try again

Example:

Reload the page to try again!

Reload

Press Cmd-0 to reset your zoom

Press Ctrl-0 to reset your zoom

It looks like your browser might be zoomed in or out. Your browser needs to be zoomed to a normal size to record audio.

Please upgrade Flash or install Chrome
to use Voice Recording.

For more help, see our troubleshooting page.

Your microphone is muted

For help fixing this issue, see this FAQ.

Star this term

You can study starred terms together

NEW! Voice Recording

Create Set