John Quincy Adams elected president; Jackson claims "corrupt bargain"
Erie Canal opens from Albany to Buffalo
Tariff of Abomination passed; South Carolina Exposition and Protest written
Andrew Jackson elected president
Webster-Hayne debate in the US Senate
Jackson vetoes Maysville Road Bill
Nat Turner slave rebellion
John Marshall upholds cherokee autonomy and independence frmo Georgia law in Worcester v. Georgia; Jackson refuses to enforce decision
South Carolina Ordinance of Nullification following new tariff; Jackson responds with a Proclamation to the People of South Carolina
Jackson vetoes extension of the Bank of the United States Charter
Compromise Tariff submitted by Henry CLay
Whig party formed
Texas wins its independence from Mexico
Nationwide economic crisis
William Henry Harrison elected president in teh first "modern election"
Harrison dies; John Tyler becomes president
James K. Polk elected president
Texas annexed by joint resolution of Congress
Seneca Falls Convention; Declaration of Rights and Sentiments
Gold discovered in California at Sutter's Mill
Zachary Taylor elected President
California Gold Rush
Taylor ies; Millard Fillmore becomes PResident
Compromise of __; a new Fugitive Slave Law is passed
Martin Van Buren elected President
Anti-Masons hold the first political party convention in Batavia, NY
John Quincy Adams
secretary of State under President Monroe; wrote Monroe DOctrine and FLorida Purchase Treaty; won ekection in 1824, possibly under corrupt bargain
Distinguished senator from Kentucky, who ran for president five times until his death in 1852. He was a strong supporter of the American System, a war hawk for the War of 1812, Speaker of the House of Representatives, and known as "The Great Compromiser." Outlined the Compromise of 1850 with five main points. Died before it was passed however.
John C. Calhoun
only candidate for vice president in 1824
The seventh President of the United States (1829-1837), who as a general in the War of 1812 defeated the British at New Orleans (1815). As president he opposed the Bank of America, objected to the right of individual states to nullify disagreeable federal laws, and increased the presidential powers.
a senator from Massachusettes and the most powerful speaker of his time who was involved in the Webster-Hayne debate; defended nationalism
Robert Y. Hayne
Senator from South Carolina who defended nullification and state's rights; took part in Webster-Haybe debate
Martin Van Buren
Jackson's handpicked successor for presidency
A woman who had an affair with and married John Eaton three months before he took office as secretary of war. She was unaccepted within the higher society and became the gossip among the Cabinet. She was defended by President Jackson and Secretary of State Van Buren.
President of the Bank of the United States; he struggled to keep the bank functioning when President Jackson tried to destroy it.
Roger B. Taney
SEcretary of Treasury under JAckson; helped put federal money into "pet banks"
William Henry Harrison
Whig party candidate in 1840; ran a bally hoo campaing; first president to die in office, hero at battle of Tippicanoe
First VP to become President upon the death of a presiden, had little support from any political party
James K. Polk
was a slave owning southerner dedicated to Democratic party. In 1844, he was a "dark horse" candidate for president, and he won the election. he favored American expansion, especially advocating the annexation of Texas, California, and Oregon. He was a friend and follower of Andrew Jackson. He opposed Clay's American System, instead advocating lower tariff, separation the treasury and the federal government from the banking system. He was a nationalist who believed in Manifest Destiny.
Stephen F. Austin
"Father of Texas"; was given permission to bring 300 US families into TExas
Commander of the Texas army at the battle of San Jacinto; later elected president of the Republic of Texas
"Old Rough and Ready"; adn the "Hero of Bueno Vista"
United States general who was a hero of the War of 1812 and who defeated Santa Anna in the Mexican War (1786-1866)
John C. Fremont
"The Pathfinder"; led Americans into California"
Thomas Hart Benton
missouri senator, expansionist, wanted to stand up to britain over the oregon territory issue
United States writer of novels and short stories mostly on moral themes (1804-1864); wrote Scarlet Letter
American writer remembered for the stories "Rip Van Winkle" and "The Legend of Sleepy Hollow," contained in The Sketch Book (1819-1820).
James Fenimore Cooper
American novelist who is best remembered for his novels of frontier life, such as The Last of the Mohicans (1826).
Henry Wadsworth Longfellow
United States poet remembered for his long narrative poems (1807-1882)
American writer whose experiences at sea provided the factual basis of Moby-Dick (1851), considered among the greatest American novels
Ralph Waldo Emerson
American essayist, philosopher, poet, and leader of the Transcendentalist movement. Wrote "self reliance", which was very popular.
Elizabeth Cady Stanton
A member of the women's right's movement in 1840. She was a mother of seven, and she shocked other feminists by advocating suffrage for women at the first Women's Right's Convention in Seneca, New York 1848. Stanton read a "Declaration of Sentiments" which declared "all men and women are created equal."
A Quaker who attended an anti-slavery convention in 1840 and her party of women was not recognized. She and Stanton called the first women's right convention in New York in 1848
Susan B. Anthony
social reformer who campaigned for womens rights, the temperance, and was an abolitionist, helped form the National Woman Suffrage Assosiation
woman who maintained her maiden name after marriage; was extremely important to woman's suffrage
a leader in the temperance and women's suffrage movements, remembered especially for her failed attempt to revolutionize women's clothing through the use of modified trousers under slightly shorter skirts
was a journalist, critic and women's rights activist. One of first professional women journalists in America.
in 1821 founded Troy Female Seminary in New York which was a model for girls' schools everywhere
(AJ) in 1837 founded the first college for women, Mount Holyoke Female Seminary
First woman to receive a medical degree in the U.S.
Antoinette Brown Blackwell
First American women to be ordained as a minister and to have her own congregation.