Euro finals- unit 2 : Renaissance

36 terms by cuteteddy95 

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Renaissance

time of cultural rebirth

patronage

wealthy families who supported artist

Italy

Why________?
middle of trading route in Mediterranean, Greek or non Greek scholars fled from Constntinople and brought their knowledge

Humanism

main theme of Renaissance, virtue, knowledge, classical, individualism; scholarship + moral

Frencesco Petrarch

father of Renaissance; copied the ancient manuscript of Cicero(Roman moralist), led to people to start translating classical works

Art

characteristics of ______
very realistic, sculptors believed that the stone had soul, ancient Greek&Rome style + Religious theme

popular theme

-annunciation(dove represent Holy spirit)
-portrait: individualism
-Saints
-history
-myth

Sfumato

new technique in art; usage of smokey effect

Chiaroscuro

new technique of art; usage of light and dark effect

Perspective

new technique of art; usage of dept

Giotto

-used angles, perspective
-first painter of Renaissance
-St. Francis, Arena Chapel
-Gothic→Renaissance

Titian

-famous of Fresco
-Sacred and profane love

Massacio

-father of perspective
-Trinitia

Leonardo da Vinci

-Last supper, Annunciation(very poplular theme)
-epitome of Renaissance men

Ghirlandaio

-Birth of St Johns

Mantegna

-used trick of eyes
-foreshortening

"Gift of Magi".

-globalistic character

Michelangelo

-Sistine Chapel, Last Judgement, Creation of Adam, David

Botticelli

-Birth of spring, Birth of Venus
-lots of his work burnt by Savonarola

Raphael

-School of Athens
-very humanistic
-contain lots of ancient philosophers and painters of his time
-very secular and religious

Carrvaggio.

-master of chiaroscuro
-The last supper
-Narssissa

Architect/scuptor

...

Donatello

-Orsanmichelle, St George
-free standing sculpture

David

Donatello, Veerocchio, Michelangelo, Bernini

Bruelleschi

-Duomo
-first modern fome

Giotto

-Campanile

Ghiberti

-Gate of paradise

Della Robia family

-known for ceramic

Michelangelo

-Pieta, Moses, Julius II tomb, St Peter's dome
-Pietro Serena; soul of rock

Bernini

-altar panel at Cathedral of St Peter

Florence

city of banking, Medici family, Renaissance culture

Venice

city of shipping, trading, leading maritime power

Naples

city that is very independent, farthest South, Mediterranean influence

Milan

city that is war-like, Sforza family, attacked often by HRE and others

Papa state

city ruled by pope, Rome, direct control of church

Peace of Lodi

peace signed by Italian sates to protect themselves from Turk and French

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