exam review pgs 13-17

32 terms by rsteinbauer15 

Create a new folder

Advertisement Upgrade to remove ads

the plasma membrane is ...... meaning only certain substances can pass through.

semi permeable

the plasma membrane is a.....

phospholipid bilayer

The plasma membrane is a dynamic structure and ...... within the plasma membrane can move around.

proteins

proteins in the plasmsa membrane serve 3 kinds of functions.name them.

1. Acts as a enzyme
2. help recognize and communicate with each other
3. form channels/tunnels for substances that would not be able to pass through the plasama membrane on their own.

diffusion

movement of particles that move from a concentrated area to a less concentrated area and begin to reach equilibrium

passive transport and EX:

transport across the membrane where no energy is needed. EX: diffusion

facilitated diffusion

a type of transport where a tunnel/channel/transport protein is required. does no need energy

osmosis

diffusion of water

hypertonic solution

more solution on the outside

hypotonic solution

more solution on the inside

isotonic solution

balanced solution-is in equilibrium

active transport

movement of substances across a membrane in which energy is required, the energy comes from ATP. Helps maintain the cell's chemical environment.

exocytosis

transportation of large molecules out of the cell

endocytosis

transport of large molecules that go into the cell

photosynthesis equation

H2O+CO2---> Glucose+Oxygen

cellular respiration equation

glucose +oxygen---->ATP+CO2+H2O

calorie

the amount of energy required to raise the temperature of 1 gram of water by 1 degree Celsius

Calorie

1 kilocarlie +1,ooo calories

ATP

gives cells energy.. like a battery

cellular respiration is aerobic meaning...

requires oxygen

cellular respiration

is the process that releases energy by breaking down glucose and other food molecules in the presences of oxygen

step1: glycolysis
-takes place
-what goes in
-what goes out

- cytoplasm
-2 ATP, glucose
-4ATP

step2: krebs cycle
-takes place
-what goes in
-what goes out

- mitochondria
- ATP pyruvate acid(critic acid)
-

step3: electron transport
-takes place
-what goes in
-what goes out

- mitocondria membrane
-

net ATP production

36 ATP

fermentation

Process of making ATP without oxygen

alcoholic fermentation

in bread yeast

lactic acid fermentation

in your muscles after a hard workout

osmotic pressure

-makes cell
-burst with fresh water
-concentration is great on the inside
-hypertonic solution

chloroplast

cellular organs where photosynthesis takes place

chlorophyll

gives plant color and catch sunlight

stomata

openings on under side of leaves that let CO2 O2 go in and out

Please allow access to your computer’s microphone to use Voice Recording.

Having trouble? Click here for help.

We can’t access your microphone!

Click the icon above to update your browser permissions above and try again

Example:

Reload the page to try again!

Reload

Press Cmd-0 to reset your zoom

Press Ctrl-0 to reset your zoom

It looks like your browser might be zoomed in or out. Your browser needs to be zoomed to a normal size to record audio.

Please upgrade Flash or install Chrome
to use Voice Recording.

For more help, see our troubleshooting page.

Your microphone is muted

For help fixing this issue, see this FAQ.

Star this term

You can study starred terms together

NEW! Voice Recording

Create Set