a person who believes government power, particularly in the economy, should be limited in order to maximize individual freedom
a person who generally believes the government should take an active role in the economy and in social programs but that the government should not dictate social behavior
a person who takes a position in the political center
A private meeting of members of a political party to select candidates.
a primary in which only registered members of a particular political party can vote
the phenomenon that people often pay the most attention to things they already agree with and interpret them according to their own predispositions
the gradual disengagement of people and politicians from the parties, as seen in part by shrinking party identification.
political action committee: committee formed by a special-interest group to raise money for their favorite political candidates
political contributions made in such a way as to avoid the United States regulations for federal election campaigns (as by contributions to a political action committee)
McGovern Fraiser Commission
commision that chaged representation . it made conversations more democratic by including minority representation.
National party leaders who automatically get a delegate slot at the Democratic national party convention.
Sharp changes in the existing patterns of party loyalty due to changing social and economic conditions
a primary in which any registered voter can vote (but must vote for candidates of only one party)
national nominating convention
delegates from the states gather to decide on the party's presidential nominee; replaced the caucus system
the displacement of the majority party by the minority party, usually during a critical election period
Federal Election Campaign Act
law passed in 1974 for reforming campaign finances. The act created the Federal Election Commission (FEC), provided public financing for presidential primaries and general elections, limited presidential campaign spending, required disclosure, and attempted to limit contributions.
Federal Election Commission, issues regulations & adviosry opinions that control PAC activities
Political contributions given to a party, candidate, or interest group that are limited in amount and fully disclosed.
the role the press plays by influencing what subjects become national political issues and for how long.
The role played by the national media in keeping track of and helping make political reputations.
Buckley v. Valeo
a case in which the Supreme Court of the United States upheld federal limits on campaign contributions and ruled that spending money to influence elections is a form of constitutionally protected free speech. The court also stated candidates can give unlimited amounts of money to their own campaigns.
the recent tendency of states to hold primaries early in the calendar in order to capitalize on media attention
continuous surveys that enable a campaign to chart its daily rise or fall in support
a method of poll selection that gives each person in a group the same chance of being selected
The belief that one's political participation really matters - that one's vote can actually make a difference
split ticket voting
voting for candidates of different parties for different offices at the same election
a primary election in which each voter may vote for candidates from both parties
McConnell v. FEC
Upheld the Bipartisan Campaign Reform Act, which permits donations to state political party, but reduces the role of soft money (money not directly related to a federal election) and prohibits unions and corporations from sponsoring ads that refer to federal candidates within 60 days of an election. requires disclosure of individuals or organizations spending $10,000 or more a year and individuals contributing $1,000 or more a year for broadcast advertisements referring to candidates in preelection periods
The congressional elections that take place midway through a president's four-year term.
Citizens United v. FEC
ruled that corporations may spend money in order to influence election process without donating to a campaign
Help America Vote Act
The law that passed in 2002 to regulate federal elections and help poorer counties acquire more modern voting machines.
Bipartisan Campaign Reform Act
Largely banned party soft money, restored on long-standing prohibition on corporations and labor unions for using general treasury funds for electoral purposes, and narrowed the definition of issue advocacy.
Polls based on interviews conducted on Election Day with randomly selected voters.
the population is divided into subpopulations (strata) and random samples are taken of each stratum
the responsibilities of a citizen
straight ticket voting
practice of voting for candidates of only one party in an election
the process by which people gain their political attitudes and opinions
an overall set of values widely shared within a society
All the activities used by citizens to influence the selection of political leaders or the policies they pursue
Year of the Woman
1992, 11 woman ran and 5 won in US Senate, 24 elected to House of Representatives
Motor Voter Bill
a legislative act passed in 1993 that requires all states to allow voters to register by mail when they renew their driver licenses and provides for the placement of voter registration forms in motor vehicle, public assistance, and military recruitment offices
A recent campaign movement to give soft money to improve women's voter turnouts and support women's issues.