APUSH Chapter 20

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Lincoln successfully prevented any more states from seceding after his inauguration.

False. Lincoln failed to prevent any more states from seceding after his inauguration.

In order to appease the Border States, Lincoln first insisted that the North was fighting only to preserve the Union and not to abolish slavery.

True

The South's advantage in the Civil War was that it only had to stalemate the war on its own territory, while the North had to fight a war of conquest against a hostile population.

True

The North generally had superior military leadership, while the South struggled to find successful commanders for its armies.

False. The South generally had superior military leadership, while the North struggled to find successful commanders for its armies.

In the long run, Northern economic and population advantages effectively wore down Southern resistance.

True

The South's chances for independence when the war began were actually quite good.

True

Although officially neutral, Britain sometimes engaged in acts that in effect aided the South.

True

Northern pressure forced the British to stop the Alabama from raiding Union shipping.

False. The British allowed the CSS Alabama to be built in their shipyards.

The Civil War-related crisis in U.S.-British relations threatened to expand into a war over Canada.

True

Once the Civil War was over, the threat of U.S. intervention forced Napoleon III of France to withdraw his support of Maximilian in Mexico.

True

The Civil War draft reflected the North's commitment to fighting a war based on the principle of equal treatment of citizens from all economic conditions.

False. The Civil War draft reflected the North's commitment to fighting a war based on keeping the nation unified.

Lincoln's temporary violations of civil liberties were strongly opposed by Congress.

False. Lincoln's temporary violations of civil liberties were supported by Congress.

The North effectively financed its Civil War effort through an income tax, higher tariffs, and the sale of federal government bonds.

True

The South in effect used severe inflation as a means of financing its war effort.

True

The Northern civilian economy was severely damaged by the war effort.

False. The Northern civilian economy was helped by the war effort.

Lincoln's plan for the besieged federal forces in Fort Sumter was

D. to provision the garrison but not to reinforce it.

The firing on Fort Sumter had the effect of

D.arousing Northern support for a war to put down the South's "rebellion."

Among the states that joined the Confederacy only after Lincoln's call for troops were

B. Virginia, Arkansas, and Tennessee.

Lincoln at first declared that the war was being fought

A. only to save the Union and not to free the slaves.

Which of the following was not among the Border States?

C. Oklahoma

The term "Butternut region" refers to

B. the areas of southern Ohio, Indiana, and Illinois that opposed an antislavery war.

In the Indian Territory (Oklahoma), most of the "Five Civilized Tribes"

A. supported the Confederacy.

Among the potential advantages the Confederacy possessed at the beginning of the civil War was

C. better-trained officers and soldiers

Among the potential advantages the Union possessed at the beginning of the Civil War was

B. a continuing influx of immigrant manpower from Europe.

The response to the Civil War in Europe was

B. support for the South among the upper classes and for the North among the working classes.

The South's weapon of "King Cotton" failed to draw Britain into the war on the side of the Confederacy because

C. the British found sufficient cotton from previous stockpiles and from other sources like Egypt and India.

The success of the Confederate raider Alabama highlighted the issue of

B. Britain's unneutral policy of allowing Confederate ships to be built in its naval yards.

Lincoln argued that his assertion of executive power and suspension of certain civil liberties was justified because

A. it was necessary to set aside small provisions of the Constitution in order to save the Union.

Many of the new millionaires who emerged in the North during the Civil War

B. made their fortunes by providing poorly made "shoddy" goods to the Union armies.

Women made particular advances during the Civil War by

B. entering industrial employment and providing medical aid for soldiers on both sides.

Four Border States where secession failed but slavery still survived.

Missouri, Maryland, Delaware, Kentucky

The effective Northern naval effort to strangle the Southern economy and dethrone "King Cotton".

Naval Blockade

A ship from which two Confederate diplomats were removed, creating a major crisis between London and Washington.

Trent

Vessel built in Britain that wreaked havoc on Northern shipping until it was finally sunk in 1864.

Alabama

Ironclad warships that were kept out of Confederate hands by Minister Adam's stern protests to the British government

Lair Rams

Provision established by Congress in 1863, after volunteers ran out, that provoked violent protests in Northern cities

Conscription

Slippery Northern men who collected fees for enlisting in the Union army then deserted.

Bounty Boys

Paper currency printed by the Union government that fell victim to wartime inflation.

Greenbacks

Medical occupation that gained new status and employment opportunities because of women's Civil War service

Nurses

Financial arrangement set up by the federal government to sell government bonds and stabilize the currency

National Banking System

Scornful term for Northern manufacturers who made quick fortunes out of selling cheaply made shoes and other inadequate goods to the US army

Shoddy Millionaires

Civil liberty that was suspended by Lincoln in defiance of the Constitution and the Supreme Court's chief justice

Writ of Habeas Corpus

Organization developed to provide medical supplies and assistance to Union armies in the field

United States Sanitary Commission

Napoleon III

F. Slippery French dictator who ignored the Monroe Doctrine by intervening in Mexican politics

Charles Francis Adams

A. American envoy whose shrewd diplomacy helped keep Britain neutral during the Civil War

Canada

G. Site of cross-border raids and plots by both Southern agents and anti-British Americans during the Civil War

Maximilian

B. An Old World aristocrat, manipulated as a puppet in Mexico, who was shot when his puppet master deserted him

New York City

I. Scene of the largest Northern antidraft riot in 1863

Britain

E. Nation whose upper classes hoped for a Confederate victory, while its working classes sympathized with the antislavery North

Abraham Lincoln

C. An inexperienced leader in war but a genius at inspiring and directing his nation's cause

Jefferson Davis

D. Leader whose conflict with states' rights advocates and rigid personality harmed his ability to mobilize and direct his nation's war effort

Elizabeth Blackwell

J. First woman physician, organizer of the United States Sanitary Commission

Clara Barton

H. Helped transform nursing into a respected profession during the Civil War

South Carolina's assault on Fort Sumter

C. Unified the North and made it determined to preserve the Union by military force

Lincoln's first call for troops to suppress the "rebellion"

F. Caused four more Upper South states to secede and join the Confederacy

Lincoln's careful use of moral suasion, politics, and military force

G. Kept the Border States in the Union

The large Northern human-resources advantage

B. Enabled Northern generals to wear down Southern armies, even at the cost of many lives

The North's naval blockade and industrial superiority

D. Eventually gave the Union a crucial economic advantage over the most agricultural South

The British aristocracy's sympathy with the South

H. Led the British government toward actions that aided the Confederacy and angered the Union

Americans minister C. F. Adams's diplomacy

E. Deterred the British and French from recognizing and aiding the Confederacy

Grant's victory at Vicksburg

A. Split the South in two and opened the way for Sherman's invasion of Georgia (v)

The class-biased unfairness of the Civil War draft

I. Led to riots by underprivileged Northern whites, especially Irish-Americans

Lincoln's belief that the Civil War emergency required drastic action

J. Led to temporary infringements on civil liberties and Congress's constitutional powers

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