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stomata

leaves have openings called ________used for gas and water exchange

cuticle

a waxy coating on the leaves

xylem,phloem

2 types of transport tissue

few weeks to 5000 years

plants can live

herbacious plants

nonwoody plants

germination

when the embryo in the seeds begin to sprout and grow

leaf

is where photosynthesis happens

multicellular

multicellular or unicellular

eukaryotic

prokaryotic or eukaryotic

phylum bryophyta

peat moss

phylum hepatophyta

liver worts

phylum anthocerophyta

horn worts

roots

are used to take in nutrients and water from the soil and provides support to the plant

xylem

a type of vascular tissue used for transporting water and dissolved substances in the plant

stem

provides support for growth

phloem

a type of vascular tissue used for transporting sugar

psilotophyta

whisk ferns

lycophyta

club and spike moss

spenophyta

horsetails

pterophyta

ferns

spores

vascular seedless plants reproduce by

gemination

vascular seed plants reproduce by

gymnosperms and angiosperms

two types of vascular seed plants

gymnosprems

produced naked seeds in cone

angiosperms

produce flowers and bear fruit

cycodophyta

cycads

ginkgophyta

ginko biloba

coniferophyta

conifers

gnetophyta

ephedra or mormas tea

bristlecone pine

oldest living tree

pacific yew

source of cancer fighting drugs

anthophyta

largest of all plant phyla

monocotyledons

singled cell leaves

dicotyledons

double seed leaves

parenchyma

most abundant cells in the plant and are found in throughout tissue

collenchyma

are long cells with uneven thick cell walls

sclerenchyma

cell walls are thick and rigid

meiosis

plants reproduce sexually by

spores and fragmentation

plants reproduce asexually by

coniferophyta

conifers, pine, cedar, redwoods, fir, spruce, juniper, cypress, and bald cypress are all in what phylum

3

how many genera of gnetophytes

epidermis

dermal tissue composed of flattened cells that cover all parts

stomata

openings in leaf tissue for the exchange of gasses

guard cells

control the opening and closing of the stomata that regulates the flow of water vapor

trichomes

fuzz on leaves is called

ground

tissue composed mostly of parenchyma

meristems

regions of actively dividing cells

roots and stems

apical stems are found at the top of

cork cambium

makes cells with tough cell walls

taproots and fibrous roots

two types of roots are

tuber

swollen underground stems that produce buds for new plants

rhizomes

underground stems that store foods

blade

flat, board, green part of the leaf is the

whorled arrangement

when three or more leaves grow around a stem in the same position

parallel, netlike, or dichotomous

leaf venation may be

sepel, petal, stamen, and carpil

four basic parts of a flower

sepel

the outermost part of a flower that surrounds and protects

petals

the brightly colored parts

stamen

contatins the male parts

carpils

contains the female parts

anther and filament

the stamen contains the

pistil, ovary, style, and stigma

the carpils include the

ovary

where the ovul is found

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