A Certified Public Accountant, sits on the board of directors of three corporations. Has she violated her duty of loyalty?
Only if she refrains from voting on issues which concern more than one of the corporations.
Tim owns 100 shares of ABC Corporation. The corporation makes a new issue of 10,000 shares. According to his share certificate, Tim is entitled to purchase an additional 100 shares at the time of the new issue. This is an example of
A share of stock with a stated par value of $10, which is sold and issued initially for $8, is an example of
A prudent business person will insist upon a
a written partnership agreement; however, where there is no agreement or where the agreement fails to address a specific issue, terms will be supplied by the UPA.
A corporation can be what types of corporations at the same time?
a foreign corporation, which is one operating in a state that is different from the one which the corporation was organized and a domestic corporation which operates in the state it was organized. Example, a corporation organized in Tennessee and operating in Texas is a domestic corporation in Tennessee - but is a foreign corporation in Texas.
A debenture is what type of corporate obligation and who is the holder of the corporate debenture?
It is an unsecured corporate obligation; and the possessor of the unsecured corporate obligation is an unsecured creditor of the corporation.
A de facto corporation is one that
has not complied with statutory rules but operates as a corporation.
If a limited partnership were to participate in the operation of the partnership in any way
the limited partner would become jointly and severally liable along with the general partner, for all partnership debt.
Each of the partners in a general partnership
bears personal tax liability in proportion to the partnership income received by him or her.
The Uniform Partnership was formulated by the
National Conference of Commissioners on Uniform State Laws.
Stock split is similar to a stock dividend
since each increases the total number of outstanding shares without distributing corporate assets.
For purposes of federal litigation, a corporation is deemed
to be a citizen of the state where it has its principal place of business as well as of the state where it is incorporated.
Each partner in a general partnership is an
agent of the partnership for purposes of conducting partnership business.
Corporations can be found guilty of criminal acts,
and have the capacity to sue and be sued in civil actions and can be prosecuted for violation of a criminal statute, such as RICO.
A corporation is a citizen of the state where it is incorporated
as well as any state where it does sufficient business to establish minimum contacts with that state.
A partnership generally is treated
as an aggregate for purposes of taxation and as a separate entity for purposes of litigation.
A foreign corporation
may require a certificate of authority to do business in states where it is not chartered.
If the organizers of a small corporation anticipate losses during the first two to three years of operation, which of the following options will provide the best tax treatment for shareholders in the usual situation?
Chapter S election
Rachael and Cori form a partnership. Rachel contributes $75,000 to the partnership, and Cor contributes $25,000. At the end of the first year, the business realizes a profit of $10,000. Since no agreement concerning distribution of profits was made, how much will each receive?
Each will receive $5,000 because when no agreement is present, they need to follow the terms of UPA.
An advantage of incorporation is
perpetual existence, limited liability and corporations are separate taxing entities.
Under the Revised Uniform Limited Partnership Act, a limited partner may not
supervise employees of the limited partnership.
A director is most likely to be found personally liable for
the failure to supervise the president's actions.
The business entity that typically provides the most flexibility in terms of management policy
is the sole proprietorship.
Holders of fractional shares of stock and holders of scrip certificates have what types of voting rights within the corporate structure?
Fractional share is entitled to a fractional voting right if the corporation is liquidated. Scrip certificates do not entitle the holder to the same voting rights.
Corporate directors and officers generally owe no direct duty to
individual shareholders of the corporation.
The right of a shareholder to force the corporation to buy his or her stock following a merger
is called appraisal rights.
A shareholder derivative action may be initiated in response to
negligence by management which injures the corporation.
A close corporation may restrict the rights of shareholders to transfer stock by means
of shareholder agreements.
Maria and Lilly form a partnership. If Maria sells her partnership interest to Allen, Allen will
not receive all of the benefits and burdens of partnershp status when the sale is consummated, unless a new partnership agreement is signed between all the partners.
Each of the partners in a general partnership
has joint and several liability for all partnership debt.
If the members of a limited partnership fail to provide a basis for making distributions of profit to partners, the Revised Uniform Limited Partnership Act
provides for distributions according to each partner's capital contribution.
A four-lawyer firm incorporated. They did not elect to be a Chapter S corporation. At the end of the first year, they show a taxable income of $64,000. They have decided that they each will remove $5,000 from the corporation. They should
declare bonuses of $5,000 each.