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Desnoyer Vocabulary Definitions

admonish

to caution or advise against something, to scold mildly; to remind of a duty

breach

to opening, gap, rupture, rift: a violation or infraction; to create an opening, break through

brigand

a bandit, robber, outlaw, highwayman

circumspect

careful, cautious

commandeer

to seize for military or other official use

cumbersome

clumsy, hard to handle, slow-moving

deadlock

a standstill resulting from the opposition of two equal forces or factions; to bring such a standstill

debris

scattered fragments, wreckage

diffuse

to spread or scatter freely or widely; wordy, long-winded, or unfocused, scattered or widely spread

dilemma

a difficult or perplexing situation or problem

efface

to wipe out, to keep oneself from being noticed

muddle

to make a mess of, to get by; a hopeless mess

opinionated

stubborn and often unreasonable in holding to one's own ideas, having a closed mind

perennial

lasting for a long time, persistent; a plant that lives for many years

predispose

to incline to beforehand

relinquish

to let go, give up

salvage

to save from fire or shipwreck, property thus saved

spasmodic

sudden and violent but brief; fitful; intermittent

spurious

not genuine, not true, not valid

unbridled

uncontrolled, lacking in restraint

adjourn

to stop proceedings temporarily; to move to another place

alien

a citizen of another country; foreign, strange

comely

having a pleasing appearance

compensate

to make up for; to repay for services

dissolute

loose in one's morals or behavior

erratic

not regular or consistent; different from what is ordinarily expected; undependable

expulsion

the process of driving or forcing out

feint

a deliberately deceptive movement; a pretense; to make a deceptive movement, to make a pretense of

fodder

food for horses or cattle; raw material for a designated purpose

fortify

to strenghthen; build up

illegible

difficult or impossible to read

jeer

to make fun of rudely or unkindly; a rude remark of derision

lucrative

bringing in money; profitable

mediocre

average, ordinary, undistinguished

proliferate

to reproduce, increase, or spread rapidly

subjugate

to conquer by force, bring under complete control

sully

to soil, tarnish, defile, besmirch

tantalize

to tease, torment by teasing

terse

brief and to the point

unflinching

firm, showing no signs of fear, nor drawing back

pilfer

to steal in small quantities

rift

a split, break, breach

semblance

a likeness; an outward appearance; an apparition

surmount

to overcome, rise above

terminate

to bring to an end

trite

commonplace; overused, stale

usurp

to seize and hold a position by force or without right

abridge

to make shorter

adherent

a follower, supporter; attached, sticking to

altercation

an angry argument

cherubic

resembling an angel portrayed as a little child with a beautiful, round, or chubby face; sweet and innocent

condone

to pardon or overlook

dissent

to disagree; disagreement

eminent

famous, outstanding, distinguished, projecting

exorcise

to drive out by magic; to dispose of something troublesome, menacing, or oppressive

fabricate

to make, manufacture; to make up, invent

irate

angry

marauder

a raider, plunderer

obesity

excessive fatness

pauper

an extremely poor person

abscond

to run off and hide

access

approach or admittance to places, persons, things' an increase; to get at, obtain

anarchy

a lack of government and law; confusion

auspicious

favorable; fortunate

arduous

hard to do, requiring much effort

biased

favoring one side unduly; prejudiced

daunt

to overcome with fear, intimidate; to dishearten, discourage

disentangle

to free from tangles or complications

fated

determined in advance by destiny or fortune

hoodwink

to mislead by a trick, deceive

inanimate

not having life; without energy or spirit

incinerate

to burn to ashes

intrepid

very brave, fearless, unshakable

larceny

theft

pliant

bending readily; easily influenced

pompous

overly self-important in speech and manner; excessively stately or ceremonious

precipice

a very steep cliff; the brink or edge of disaster

rectify

to make right, correct

reprieve

a temporary relief or delay; to grant a postponement

revile

to attack with words, call bad names

accomplice

a person who takes part in a crime

annihilate

to destroy completely

arbitrary

unreasonable; based on one's wishes or whims without regard for reason or fairness

brazen

shameless, impudent; made of brass

catalyst

a substance that causes or hastens a chemical reaction; any agent that causes change

exodus

a large-scale departure or flight

facilitate

to make easier; to assist

incorrigible

not able to be correct; beyond control

latent

hidden, present but not realized

militant

given to fighting; active and aggressive in support of a cause; an activist

morose

having a gloomy or sullen manner; not friendly or sociable

opaque

not letting light through; not clear or lucid; dense, stupid

paramount

chief in importance, above all others

prattle

to talk in an aimless, foolish, or simple way; to babble; baby talk; babble

rebut

to offer arguments or evidence that contradicts an assertion; to refute

reprimand

to scold; find fault with; a rebuke

servitude

slavery, forced labor

slapdash

careless and hasty

stagnant

not running or flowing; foul from standing still; inactive, sluggish, dull

succumb

to give way to superior force, yield

atone

to make up for

bondage

slavery; any state of being bound or held down

credible

believable

defray

to pay for

diligent

hardworking, industrious, not lazy

doleful

sad; dreary

ghastly

frightful, horrible; deathly pale

hamper

to hold back

hew

to shape or cut down with an ax; to hold to

impoverished

poor, in a state of poverty; depleted

incessant

never stopping, going on all the time

intricate

complicated; difficult to understand

lucid

easy to understand, clear; rational, sane

posthumous

occurring or published after death

prim

overly neat, precise, proper, or formal; prudish

sardonic

grimly or scornfully mocking, bitterly sarcastic

superfluous

exceeding what is sufficient or required, excess

supplant

to take the place of, supersede

taunt

to jeer at, mock; an insulting or mocking remark

tenacious

holding fast; holding together firmly; persistent

adieu

a farewell

advent

an arrival; a coming into place or view

apex

the highest point, tip

assimilate

to absorb fully or make one's own; to adopt as one's own; to adapt fully

bogus

false, counterfeit

exorbitant

unreasonably high; excessive

interim

the time between; temporary, coming between two points in time

inundate

to flood, overflow; to overwhelm by numbers or size

malign

to speak evil of, slander; evil

meander

to wander about, wind about; a sharp turn or twist

metropolis

a large city; the chief city of an area

momentous

very important

obstreperous

noisy; unruly, disorderly

pensive

thoughtful, melancholy

perilous

dangerous

shoddy

of poor quality; characterized by inferior workmanship

sprightly

lively, full of life; spicy, flavorful

surly

angry and bad-tempered; rude

tirade

a long, angry speech, usually very critical

vagrant

an idle wanderer, tramp; wandering aimlessly

assurance

a pledge; freedom from doubt, self-confidence

asylum

an institution for the care of children

console

to comfort; the keyboard of an organ; a control panel for an electrical or mechanical device

dilate

to make or become larger or wider; to expand upon

dross

refuse, waste products

dwindle

to lessen, diminish

flippant

lacking in seriousness; disrespectful, saucy

immunity

resistance to disease; freedom from some charge or obligation

institute

to establish, set up; an organization for the promotion of learning

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