Chapter 1-4 vocabulary

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37 terms

sentence

word group that contains a subject and a verb and that expresses a complete thought

subject

tells whom or what the subject is about

simple subject

main word or word group that tells whom or what the subject is about

predicate

a sentence tells something about the subject

simple predicate

main word or word group that tells something about the subject

compound subject

consists of 2 or more connected subjects that have the same verb

compound verb

consists of 2 or more verbs that have the same subject

declarative

makes a statement and ends with a period

imperative

gives a command or makes a request; ends with a period

interrogative

asks a ? and ends with a ? mark

exclamatory

shows excitement or strong feeling and ends with a !

noun

word or word group that is used to name a person, place, thing, or an idea

compound noun

2 or more words used together as a single noun

common noun

names any1 of a group of persond, places, things, or ideas

proper noun

names a particular person, place, thing, or idea

concrete noun

names a person, place, or thing that can be percieved by one or more of the senses

abstract noun

names an idea, feeling, quality, or characteristic

collective noun

word that names a group

pronoun

word used in place of 1 or more nouns or pronouns

reflexive pronoun

refers to subject and functions as a complement or an object of a preposition

intensive pronoun

emphasizes a noun or another pronoun

personal pronoun

refers to the 1 speaking, 1 spoken, or 1 spoken about

demostrative pronoun

points out a person, place, thing, or idea

interrogative pronoun

introduces a ?

relative pronoun

introduces a subordinate clause

indefinite pronoun

refers to a person, place, thing, or idea tht may or may not be specifically explained

adjective

word used to modify a noun or pronoun

verb

word used to express action or state of being

preposition

a word tht shows the relationship of a noun or pronoun

interjection

word used to express emotion

complement

word or word group that completes the meaning of a verb

conjunction

word used to join word or groups of words

DO

noun, pronoun, or word group that tells who or what recieves the action of the verb

IO

noun, pronoun, or word group that sometimes appears in sentences containing DO

subject complement

word or word group tht completes the meaning of a linking verb and tht identifies subject

PN

word or word group tht is in predicatae and tht identifies subject or refers to it

PA

adj. that is in the predicate and that describes subject

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