Act of Supremacy
Proclaimed King Henry VIII the supreme leader of the Church of England, which meant that the pope was no longer recognized as having any authority within the country, and all matters of faith, ecclesiastical appointment, and maintenance of ecclesiastical properties were in the hands of the king.
doctrine of John Calvin that adhered to the idea that each person's fate is predetermined by God
During a year of intense prayer. St. Ignatious was inspired to write this guide to spriritual perfectiom, which is divided into reflections and meditations.
The habit of imagining sin with it non exist or grave sin when the matter is not serious.
a German monk who became one of the most famous critics of the Roman Catholic Chruch. In 1517, he wrote 95 theses, or statements of belief attacking the church practices.
Ninety five theses
This was the letter Martin Luther wrote to Archbishop Albert which explained that indulgences undermined the seriousness of the sacrament of penance
Where Luther hid after he was declared a heretic and made an outlaw at the Diet of Worms.
Diet of Worms
Charles V's assembly of German estates that declared Luther's teachings heretical.
Justification by faith alone
Lutheran belief that faith is the way to salvation
William of Ockham
Heretic whose writing and ideas about human actions influense Luthers ideas and writings.
Swiss theologian (born in France) whose tenets (predestination and the irresistibility of grace and justification by faith) defined Presbyterianism (1509-1564)
Swiss theologian whose sermons began the Reformation in Switzerland (1484-1531)
Henvry VIII of England
Protector of the Faith against Lutheran attacks.
What is Lutherans negative of Human Nature
1) impossible to overcome sinfulness
2) Good works play no role , can only have faith in God
Cuius Regio euis religio
the ruler of a territory determines the regions religion and the people are made subject to the religion of the ruler.
the remission by the pope of the temporal punishment in purgatory that is still due for sins even after absolution
the act of purging of sin or guilt
St. Peters Basilica
The main church complex of the Catholic Church in Rome; designed by Michelangelo.
An artist, architect, and a sculptor, who painted the Sistine Chapel and sculpted Moses and David
Emperor Charles V
the emperor that declared Martin Luther an outlaw of Germany and refused to protect him - issued the edict of worms
What was God to Luther
What did Luther do
Started the Protestant reformation and wrote many anti-semitic books and writings.
The Faith Luther founded.
Peace of Augsburg
A treaty between Charles V and the German Protestant princes that granted legal recognition of Lutheranism in Germany.
St John Fisher
refused to take the act of supremacy oath and was imprisoned; later killed beheaded by Henry VIII
Religious reform movement within the Katin Christian Church beginning in 1519. It resulted in the "protesters" forming several new Christian denominations, including the Lutheran and Reformed Churches and the Church of England., result of King Henry VIII Broke w/ Roman Catholic Church
book written by John Calvin
Council of Trent
Called by Pope Paul III to reform the church and secure reconciliation with the Protestants. Lutherans and Calvinists did not attend.
St. Pius V
instituted and implemented changes brought about by the church by the council of trent
Pope who vigorously enforced the decrees of the Council of Trent.
a Counter Reformation Pope, continued work of Paul III
St. Thomas More
highly brilliant man who became chancellor of the church of england and when he didn't allow the king to remarry, he was beheaded
St. Peter Canisius
co-founder of Jesuits, second apostle to Germany- reconverted many Protestants back to Catholicism
King of England and Ireland from 1547 to 1553
Man who gave luther a place to stay.
daughter of Henry VIII and Catherine of Aragon who was Queen of England from 1553 to 1558