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Grotte de Niaux, Ariège, France, ca. 15 000 BCE- Prehistoric

New Grange Passage Grave, Boyne Valley, Ireland, ca. 3100 BCE- Neolithic

This monument is set up so that one day of the year at sunrise the sun will pop up above the horizon and shine straight through the passageway and shine right into the tomb (December 21, Winter solstice)- extra opening above door accommodates this

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New Grange Passage Grave, Boyne Valley, Ireland, ca. 3100 BCE- Neolithic

This monument is set up so that one day of the year at sunrise the sun will pop up above the horizon and shine straight through the passageway and shine right into the tomb (December 21, Winter solstice)- extra opening above door accommodates this

Loughcrew Passage Grave, Meath, Ireland, ca. 3000 BCE- Neolithic

Cairn-T
2 times a year a specific stone get direct sunlight, equinox (in between solstices- day when the earth tilts on its axis so the sun drops below the equator or the sun is above the equator if you draw a ray to the earth) (colder part of year goes to warmer or warmer part of year goes to colder)

Bryn Celli Ddu Passage Grave, Anglesey, Wales, ca.2000-3000 BCE- Neolithic

Chamber gets direct sunlight on summer solstice

Stonehenge, Wiltshire, England, ca. 2900 BCE- Neolithic

Solar alignment on sunrise of summer solstice and sunset of the winter solstice. Built around the movement of the sun

Funerary Complex of King Djoser, Saqqara, Egypt, ca. 2630 BCE-Egyptian

Several false doors where the spirit of the King could enter. Architect was Djoser

"Great" Pyramid of Khufu, Giza, Egypt, ca. 2550-2460 BCE- Egyptian

Contains main King's chamber, Queen's chamber, airshafts and underground tunnels with thieves tunnels

Palace Complex of King Minos, Knossos, Greece, ca.1700-1380 BCE- Greek

Lion Gate, Mycenae, Greece, ca. 1300 BCE

Leads into the type of architecture dominated with the column rather than the magalith- Greek

Temple Of Hera, Paestum, Greece, ca. 550 BCE- Greek

The Propylaea, Athens, Greece, ca. 437 BCE (Mnesikles)- Greek

Temple of Athena Nike, Athens, Greece, ca. 425 BCE (Kallikrates)- Greek

The Parthenon, Athens, Greece, ca. 448-432 BCE (Iktinos & Kallikrates)- Greek

The Erectheion, Athens, Greece, ca. 420 BCE- Greek

Monument of Lysikrates, Athens, Greece, ca. 335 BCE- Greek

Temple Of The Olympian Zeus, Athens, Greece, ca. 170 BCE- Greek

Stoa of Attalos, Athens, Greece, 159-132 BCE- Greek

Theatre, Epidaurus, Greece, ca. 350 BCE- Greek

Perugia, Italy, after 310 BCE- Pre Rome/ Etruscan

Arch of Augustus

known from Vitruvius- Pre-Rome/ Etruscan

Etruscan Temple

Algeria, ca. 100 CE- Roman

City of Timgad

Maison Carée, Nimes, ca. 20 BCE- Roman

Pont du Gard (Aquaduct), near Nimes, 20-16 BCE- Roman

Arch of Titus, Rome, Italy, 90 CE- Roman

Arch of Constantine, Rome, Italy, 315 CE- Roman

Trajan's Market, Rome, ca. 100 CE- Roman

The Pantheon, Rome, ca. 125 CE- Roman

Theatre of Marcellus, Rome, 13-11 BCE- Roman

Ampitheatre, Pompeii, Italy, ca. 80 BCE- Roman

House of Pansa, Pompeii, 2nd century BCE- Roman

Pompeii, 2nd century BCE- Roman

House of Venus in the Shell

Hadrian's Villa, Tivoli, 117-38 CE- Roman

Colosseum, Rome, 72-80 CE- Roman

Baths of Diocletian, Rome, 290-306 CE- Roman

Baths of Diocletian, Rome, 290-306 CE- Roman

Baths of Diocletian inside

Basilica Ulpia, Rome, 98-117 CE- Roman

Basilica Ulpia

Basilica Nova, Rome, ca. 307-315 CE- Roman

Basilica Nova

Basilica Trier, Trier, Germany, ca. early 4th century- Roman

Basilica Trier, Trier, Germany, ca. early 4th century- Roman

Basilica Trier inside

Old St. Peter's, Rome, begun ca. 333- Early Christian

Old St. Peter's

Santa Costanza, Rome, ca. 350-Early Christian

Santa Costanza

Santa Sabina, Rome, 422-432- Early Christian

Santa Sabina, Rome, 422-432- Early Christian

S. Appolinare in Classe, Ravenna, Italy, ca. 532-549-Byzantine

S. Appolinare in Classe, Ravenna, Italy, ca. 532-549-Byzantine

Hagia Sophia, Constantinople/ Istanbul, Turkey, 532-537-Byzantine

Hagia Sophia, Constantinople/ Istanbul, Turkey, 532-537-Byzantine

San Vitale, Ravenna, Italy, 538-48-Byzantine

San Vitale, Ravenna, Italy, 538-48-Byzantine

San Marco, Venice, Italy, 1063-1089-Byzantine

Katholikon, Hosios Lukas, Greece, 1020-Byzantine

Katholikon, Hosios Lukas, Greece, 1020-Byzantine

Katholikon inside

Church of the Dormition, Daphne, Greece, ca. 1100-Byzantine

Church of the Dormition outside, ruins

Church of the Dormition, Daphne, Greece, ca. 1100-Byzantine

Church of the Dormition inside

Baptistry of St. John, Poitiers, France, 7th century-Byzantine

Baptistry of St. John, Poitiers, France, 7th century-Byzantine

Baptistry of St. John, Poitier inside?

Palace Chapel, Aachen, Germany,793-805- Carolingian

Palace Chapel, Aachen, Germany,793-805- Carolingian

Palace Chapel, Aachen outside

Plan of St. Gall, ca. 817- Romanesque

Plan of St. Gall

Pisa Cathedral, Pisa, Italy, 1063 & 1089-1272- Romanesque

Pisa Cathedral, Pisa, Italy, 1063 & 1089-1272- Romanesque

Ste-Foy, Conques, France, late ca. 1050-1130- Romanesque

Ste-Foy, Conques, France, late ca. 1050-1130- Romanesque

Ste-Foy, Conques better image? WEEK 6

St-Sernin, Toulouse, France ca. 1077-1119- Romanesque

St-Sernin, Toulouse, France ca. 1077-1119- Romanesque

St-Sernin, Toulouse, France ca. 1077-1119- Romanesque

St-Sernin inside

Monastery of Cluny III, Clun, France, late 11th century- Romanesque

Monastery of Cluny III plan

Monastery of Cluny III, Clun, France, late 11th century- Romanesque

Monastery of Cluny III outside

Ste-Madelaine, Vézelay, France 1120-38- Romanesque

Ste-Madelaine, Vézelay, France 1120-38- Romanesque

St- Etienne, Caen, France, begun 1068- Romanesque

St- Etienne, Caen, France, begun 1068- Romanesque

Durham Cathedral, Durham, England, 1093-1133-English Romanesque

Durham Cathedral, Durham, England, 1093-1133-English Romanesque

All Saints, Earls Barton, England, ca. 1000-English Romanesque

Norwich Cathedral, Norwich, England, Begun 1096-English Romanesque

Norwich Cathedral, Norwich, England, Begun 1096-English Romanesque

St-Martin-du-Canigou, 1001-1026-Romanesque

St-Pierre, Moissac, Cloister ca. 1100-Romanesque

St-Pierre, Moissac, Cloister ca. 1100-Romanesque

St-Pierre cloister

St-Pierre, Moissac, Cloister ca. 1100-Romanesque

St- Pierre plan

Abbey Church of Fontenay, France ca. 1139-1147-Romanesque

Abbey Church of Fontenay plan

St-Genest, Lavardin, 12th century-Romanesque

St-Genest inside

Abbey of St-Denis, Northern suburb of Paris, France, Choir re-built 1140-1144- Gothic

Origins of Gothic style

Abbey of St-Denis, Northern suburb of Paris, France, Choir re-built 1140-1144- Gothic

Origins of Gothic style

Abbey of St-Denis inside

Abbey of St-Denis, Northern suburb of Paris, France, Choir re-built 1140-1144- Gothic

Origins of Gothic style

Abbey of St-Denis inside

Notre Dame Cathedral (Laon Cathedral), Laon, ca. 1155-1205- Gothic

Notre Dame Cathedral (Laon Cathedral), Laon, ca. 1155-1205- Gothic

Notre Dame Cathedral, Laon, inside

Notre Dame Cathedral, Paris, ca. 1163-1250- Gothic

Notre Dame Cathedral, Paris, ca. 1163-1250- Gothic

Notre Dame Cathedral, Paris, ca. 1163-1250- Gothic

Notre Dame Cathedral, Paris inside

Notre Dame Cathedral (Chartres Cathedral), Chartres, France, after 1194- Gothic

Notre Dame Cathedral (Chartres Cathedral), Chartres, France, after 1194- Gothic

...

Notre Dame Cathedral (Chartres Cathedral), Chartres, France, after 1194- Gothic

Notre Dame Cathedral (Chartres Cathedral) inside

St. Etienne Cathedral (Bourges Cathedral), Bourges, France, 1195-1250- Gothic

St. Etienne Cathedral (Bourges Cathedral), Bourges, France, 1195-1250- Gothic

Reims Cathedral (Notre Dame), begun 1211- Gothic

Reims Cathedral (Notre Dame), begun 1211- Gothic

Reims Cathedral (Notre Dame), begun 1211- Gothic

Amiens Cathedral (Notre Dame), Amiens, France, begun ca. 1220- Gothic

Amiens Cathedral (Notre Dame), Amiens, France, begun ca. 1220- Gothic

Amiens Cathedral (Notre Dame), Amiens, France, begun ca. 1220- Gothic

Beauvais Cathedral (St-Pierre), Beauvais, France, begun ca. 1225- Gothic

Beauvais Cathedral (St-Pierre), Beauvais, France, begun ca. 1225- Gothic

Ste-Chapelle, Paris, France,1239-48, King Louis IX- Gothic

Wells Cathedral, Wells, Somerset, England, Begun ca. 1180- Early English Gothic

Wells Cathedral, inside, with ceiling

Wells Cathedral, Wells, Somerset, England, Begun ca. 1180- Early English Gothic

Wells Cathedral, Wells, Somerset, England, Begun ca. 1180- Early English Gothic

Wells Cathedral plan

Lincoln Cathedral, "St. Hugh's Choir", Lincoln, England, 1192- Early English Gothic

Lincoln Cathedral, "St. Hugh's Choir", Lincoln, England, 1192- Early English Gothic

Lincoln Cathedral, "St. Hugh's Choir", Lincoln, England, 1192- Early English Gothic

Lincoln Cathedral plan

Exeter Cathedral, Exeter, Devon, England, ca. 126- Decorated Gothic

Exeter Cathedral, Exeter, Devon, England, ca. 126- Decorated Gothic

Gloucester Cathedral, Gloucester, England, Choir remodelled from 1337- Perpendicular Gothic

Gloucester Cathedral, Gloucester, England, Choir remodelled from 1337- Perpendicular Gothic

Gloucester Cathedral plan

Gloucester Cathedral, Gloucester, England, Cloister, ca. 1330- Perpendicular Gothic

Gloucester Cathedral, Gloucester, England, Cloister, ca. 1330- Perpendicular Gothic

Chapel of Henry VII, Westminster Abbey, London, England,1503-09- Perpendicular Gothic

Chapel of Henry VII, Westminster Abbey, London, England,1503-09- Perpendicular Gothic

stalactite looking

King's College Chapel, Cambridge, England, vaulted in 1515- Perpendicular Gothic

King's College Chapel, Cambridge, England, vaulted in 1515- Perpendicular Gothic

King's College Chapel, Cambridge, England, vaulted in 1515- Perpendicular Gothic

S. Maria Novella, Florence, Italy, 1279-ca. 1310- Italian Gothic

Milan Cathedral, Milan, Italy, begun 1387- Italian Gothic

? Orvieto Cathedral, Orvieto, Italy, begun 1310- Italian Gothic

Dome of the Rock, Jerusalem, 687-691- Islamic

House of the Prophet, Medina, Saudi Arabia, ca. 622- Islamic

House of the Prophet plan

Great Mosque, Damascus, Syria, 706-715- Islamic

Great Mosque, Damascus, Syria, 706-715- Islamic

Great Mosque, Damascus outside

Great Mosque, Cordoba, Spain, begun ca. 785, enlarged 9th & 10th centuries- Islamic

Great Mosque, Cordoba, Spain, begun ca. 785, enlarged 9th & 10th centuries- Islamic

The Alhambra Palace, Granada, Spain- Islamic

The Alhambra Palace, Granada, Spain- Islamic

Mosque-Madrasa of Sultan Hassan, Cairo, ca. 1356- Islamic

Mosque of Sultan Selim, Edirne, Turkey, 1568-1575- Islamic

Architect Sian

Masjid-i-Shah, Isfahan, 1611- ca. 1630- Islamic

Masjid-i-Shah

Taj Mahal, Agra, India, 1631-1647- Islamic

Taj Mahal, Agra, India, 1631-1647- Islamic

Hagia Sophia, Istanbul Turkey, Minarets added in 1453- Islamic (currently)

Was a Christian church, then turned into a mosque.
Inside remains essentially intact
Koranic text is added and large disks are added
Hagia Sophia becomes a model for later Mosques

St-Gilles-du-Gard, ca. 1140- Romanesque

In french region of Provence, near Nimes
Lots of leftovers of Roman architecture
Reminds you of the Arch of Constantine

St-Gilles-du-Gard

Carcassonne, mainly 13th-14th centuries (restored)

Hoarding- wooden, covered walkway to shoot arrows and look through and throw things at people attacking the city
Towers had flares at the bottom to direct whatever was being thrown toward the attackers instead of dropping straight down

Granholet House, St-Antonin-Noble-Val, 1140s- Late Romanesque

Upper middle class, urban house

Granholet House

Maison du Grand Veneur, Cordes-sur-Ciel (founded 1222),14th Century- Gothic

Whoever lived there was involved in the aristocratic recruit of hunting

...

Albi Cathedral, begun 1287- Romanesque

Conwy Castle, Wales, begun 1283

James of St. George architect

Caernarvon, begun 1283

James of St. George architect
Fairly well preserved

Beaumaris Castle, begun 1295

James of St. George architect

Beaumaris Castle, begun 1295

James of St. George architect

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Flickr Creative Commons Images

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