Maximilien de Robespierre
Revolutionary lawyer from the 3rd estate; led a committee that executed anyone suspected of being against the revolution.
French revolutionary leader who stormed the Paris bastille and who supported the execution of Louis XVI but was guillotined by Robespierre for his opposition to the Reign of Terror, felt his execution would be "well worth seeing."
The Political and Social system that existed in France before the French Revolution.
social classes in pre-revolution France.
Class of French society made up of the clergy of the Roman Catholic Church; exempt from paying taxes.
Class of French society made up of the noblility; exempt from paying taxes.
Made up of Bourgeoisie, urban poor, and peasant farmers.
Summoned the Estates-General, but he did not grant the reforms that were demanded and revolution followed.
Unpopular extravagance and opposition to reform contributed to the overthrow of the monarchy.
Tennis Court Oath
Declaration mainly by members of the Third Estate not to disband until they had drafted a constitution for France.
Established by representatives of the Third Estate, denounced aristocrat's feudal rights and put all people of France under same laws, passed the Declaration of the Rights of Man.
a French congress with the power to create laws and approve declarations of war, established by the Constitution of 1791, set up the new limited monarchy of France.
Eliminated the monarchy, Revolution enters its most radical stage and begins to eliminate opposition to the Revolution.
The French national assembly summoned in 1789 to remedy the financial crisis and correct abuses of the old regime.
Peasants had bad harvests and heavy taxes, they became susceptible to rumor that the nobility was plotting to steal from peasants. Peasants panicked and started burning down estates caused widespread violence in the countryside.
Declaration of the Rights of Man
Statement of fundamental political rights adopted by the French National Assembly at the beginning of the French Revolution.
A leading spokesperson for the viewpoint of the Third Estate who was a clergyman sympathetic to their cause.
Reign of Terror
Controlled by the radical Committee of Public Safety and Maximilien Robespierre, eliminated all who opposed the Jacobin led Revolution.
Slogan of the Revolution
Liberty, Equality, Fraternity
Government in which a constitution or legislative body limits the monarch's powers.
State Controlled Church
National Assembly's took away church land and made clergymen become state officials.
French nobles who fled from France during the peasant uprisings and hoped to restore the king to power.
Parisian shopkeepers and workers who wanted the Revolution to bring about greater change, known for their style of breeches torn and tattered from poverty.
Those who supported a more conservative revolution.
Those who supported a more radical revolution.
Radical left wing during the French Revolution. They were led by Maximilien Robespierre from 1793 to 1794.
Jean Paul Marat
Published a radical journal called Friend of the People, his murder cause more radical terror by the Committee of Public Safety.
Killed Marat; hoped that killing him would end the violence; executed for his murder.
a machine for beheading people, used as a means of execution during the French Revolution during the Reign of Terror.
Paris palace into which the royal family was forced to take up residence after trying to escape. Held there until the execution of the King and Queen.
War of 1792
Austria and Prussia, later joined by others, invade France to uphold and restore the monarchy.
Olympe de Gouges
A proponent of democracy, demanded the same rights for French women that French men were demanding for themselves. Wrote the Declaration of the Rights of Woman and the Female Citizen (1791).
Medieval fortress that was converted to a prison stormed by peasants for ammunition during the early stages of the French Revolution.
March of the Women
Paris mob protesting bread prices by going to Versailles and demanding the King's return to Paris to agree to the new Natioanl Assembly.
Educated, middle class of France's Third Estate; provided force behind the Revolution.
Committee of Public Safety
This was the group that carried out the Reign of Terror; led by Robespierre.