Final Exam Study Guide

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Pilgrimage, Prayer, Fasting, Charity, God is one

5 pillars of Islam

jihad

the word commonly mistranslated as "holy war" which means "striving"

Allah

the name for God in Islam is

Dome of the Rock

Abraham and Ishmael built the holiest sanctuary in Islam known as the

Hijra

The migration of Muslims from Mecca to Medina is known as

Abraham

Islam traces its ancestors to the patriarch

his wife, Hurrem

Who claimed to uncover the plots against Suleiman's life

a single legal system

Besides art, architecture, and military might what other contributions was Suleiman responsible for

to conquer Constantinople

What was the goal of Mehmet the Conqueror

all muslims should face Mecca when in prayer

What vision did Muhammad have when he and his followers were in Medina

the destruction of the Church of the Holy Sepulchre

what event caused Christians to mistrust Muslims and lead to the Crusades

Quran

the sacred book of Islam is called

Sunnis

those that follow the elected caliphs are called

Shiites

those who reject the early caliphs are the

gambling

in Islam the charging of interest is considered

fighting, writing, and pilgrimage

Jihad can be accomplished in many ways including

4

Islam allows a man to have how many wives

the month of Rahmahdan

Muslims believe that the way to fulfill the Pillar of fasting is during

Arabic

to understand the Quran's true meaning it is necessary to read the Quran in

Indonesia

What country has the largest Muslim population

Confusion; mistake

What is the general understanding of homosexuality in Islam

not adam

who originally worshiped at the Ka'bah

once in their lifetime

how often are faithful Muslims required to perform the hajj

they do not believe in separation

what do Muslims believe about the separation of church and state

Jesus predicted the coming of Muhammad and that Muhammad succeeds Jesus in the chain of prophets

what do Muslims believe about Jesus and his prophesies about Muhammad

oppression

What was the status of women under the Taliban in Afghanistan

everyone's responsible for their own sins

what do Muslims believe about original sin

tolerant

What was Muhammad's policy towards the non-Muslims in Medina

Spain

In what medieval European country did Christian, Jews, and Muslims live in peace and harmony

internal struggle

what is the major jihad

second

compared to other religions what is the rank of Islam

five times daily prayer

what is salat

hajj

what is the required pilgrimage to Mecca

Shahadah

The Creed of Islam

Zionism

the movement dedicated to establishing a Jewish state in the biblical land of Israel is

gentiles

Non-Jewish peoples may be referred to as

mesiah

the title for the person sent by God to rescue the Jewish people from suffering is

ghettos

after 1555 those Jews who remained in some cities of Italy and Germany were forced to live in

Talmud

The Mishnah together with commentaries is known as the Talmud

orthodox, conservative, reformed

list the three major branches of contemporary Judaism

Christian Roman Empire

when was anti-semitism first present in Europe

2

how many countries did the United Nations partition Palestine in 1947

Exegesis

study and interpretation of Jewish scriptures

Mishnah

6 books that interpret law

tzaddik

enlightened saint or teacher

shekhinah

God's presence in the world

Kabbalah

Jewish mystical traditions

Minyan

10 adult males to pray

Gemara

additional commentary on the Torah

Zohar

way of splendor

Maimonides

greatest Jewish intellectual

Hasidism

path of ecstatic piety

Israel

what is the name of the nation traditionally associated with Judaism

Old Testament

What do Christians call the Tanakh

The first five books of the bible

what is the pentateuch

a contract between God and his people

what is a covenant

both

is Judaism a religion, ethnic group, or both

Abraham

who was the first patriarch of Judaism

ark of the covenant

what is the name for the portable tabernacle designed by God

prayer

what replaced the Jewish system of sacrifice after the temple was destroyed in 70 AD

Maimonides

one of the greatest of all Jewish intellectuals

Tikkum olam

what is the hebrew term for "repairing the world"

Mishnah and Gamarah

what are the two parts of the Talmud

fair trial, charity, rule of law

what are the key ideas in western civilization that have Jewish roots

shiva

he is often depicted as the Lord of the Dance

Upanishads

what is the portion of the Vedas which records the mystical insights of the rishis

karma

what is the Hnindu term for action and the consequences of action

yes

does Hinduism have philosophical systems that are both dualistic and monistic

yes

does the god vishnu periodically appear in earthly incarnations

buddhism and jainism

which religions began as a protest against Hindu priests and rituals

vedas

what are the oldest Hindu scriptures called

pooja

what is a typical way that a Hindu might begin his/her day

to plan weddings

what are the common roles of astrology in Hinduism

Brahma

what god is depicted with red skin, four arms, and four heads sitting on a lotus flower

Santana Darma

what is the indigenous term for Hinduism

Hrada's love for Krishna; all of the above

what does the Hindu festival of Holi celebrate

Shankara

who popularized the philosophical teachings of Advaita Vendata

karma yoga

what yogic path emphasizes helping others as the path to liberation

bhramans, kshatriyas, vyshas, shudras

what are the main Hindu castes

Netti Netti

what is the view that "truth can be found only through the negating of all thoughts about it

There is no Hindu sabbath

what day of the week is traditionally considered the Hindu Sabbath

do your duty

what was the lesson Krishna taught Arjuna in the Bhagavad Gita

Ravana

the most popular Hindu festival celebrates Rama's triumph over whom

Vedas

what religious texts are the foundations of Sanatana darma

poli-cannon

what is the name of the collection of ancient scriptures used by Therevada Buddhism

Lama

what is a high Vajrayana teacher called

India

where was Siddhartha born

there is no caste system

what is the role of the caste system in Buddhism

non-theistic

is Buddhism a theistic or non-theistic religion

delusion, greed, and hate

what are the three root afflictions

Hinduism

Buddhism is an offshoot of

Islam and Hinduism

what are the two religious groups responsible for driving Buddhism out of India

Siddhartha Gautama

who founded Buddhism

slept on thorns, ate once a day, stood on one leg for extended periods

what ascetic practices did the Buddha try

nirvana; yoga

one emphasis in Buddhism is on methods of meditationand concentration to achieve a state of

mahayana Buddhism; become a Buddha

what is the goal of zen training

paradoxical statements' unanswerable riddles

what are koans

Mara

according to legend who did Siddhartha have to defeat while sitting under the tree of knowledge

buddha

enlightened one

dharma

Buddha's teachings

sangha

order of Buddhist disciples

anatman or anatta (Pali)

no eternal soul

karma

consequences of actions

dukkha

suffering

anitya or anicca (Pali)

impermanence

Arhant

person who reaches enlightenment (Therevada saint)

Sutras

Mahayana teachings

Bodhisattva

won't reach enlightenment until everyone else does

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