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Trinity High School Senior Theology Ms. Kimberly Hogan www.THSTheology.org

Abba

An Aramaic term of endearment that means Papa or Dada.

Common Good

The sum of the spiritual, material, and social conditions needed for a person to achieve full human dignity.

Dignity of Human Life

All Catholic social teaching principles build on this...

Dignity of Work and Rights of Workers

Fair wages and union participation.

Encyclical

A pastoral papal letter sent to the whole Church, on some important aspect of Church teaching.

Equality

A state of being essentially equal or equivalent because of our fundamental dignity as Gods children made in His image and likeness.

Free Will

The power rooted in reason and will...to perform deliberate actions on one's own responsibility.

Human Dignity

Respect due us because we are made in God's image and likeness.

Option for the Poor

Responds to the least in our midst.

Original Sin

The state or condition of sin into which ALL generations of people are born since the time of Adam and Eve's turning away from God.

Peace on Earth

An important social justice encyclical written by Pope John XXIII in 1963 that lists important human rights.

Right to Life

Fundamental right that must be respected.

Rights

Claims we can make on each other and on society to guarantee attaining certain basic minimum conditions to live a truly human life.

Social Justice Doctrine

The body of Church doctrine that applies Jesus' gospel to our life together, that is, to society, its institutions, and its economic and political structures.

Solidarity

We are our sisters' and brothers' keepers.

Stewardship

Responsible care for God's creation.

Principle of Subsidiarity

Discourages attempts to maximize or centralize the power of the state at the expense of local institutions.

Cardinal Virtues

Hinge virtues that enable us to live moral lives.

Charity

Enables us to love God above everything else for his own sake and to love our neighbor as ourselves.

Commutative Justice

Calls for fairness in exchanges between individuals and private groups.

Covenant

An open-ended contract of love between God and his people. It involves promises and the duty to be faithful to the promises.

Distributive Justice

Sees to the just distribution of the goods of creation that God intends for all to use and share.

Faith

Empowers us to believe in God and all that God has said and revealed to us, including what the Church proposes for our belief, because God is truth itself.

Fortitude

Courage to persist in doing the good.

Globalization

The process whereby the worlds goods, communications, and peoples are more fully integrated, accessible, and interdependent.

Hope

Helps us desire heaven and eternal happiness, trusting firmly in Christ's promises and relying, not on our own efforts, but on the help and graces of the Holy Spirit.

Immigrant

A person who leaves one country to take up permanent residence in another country.

Justice

Enables us to render to God and each person what is their due.

Legal Justice

Regulates citizen's obligations to the larger society and government.

Migrant

One who moves within ones country or between nations, often in search of work.

Prudence

Right reason in action, good common sense to discern the good and the ways to achieve it.

Refugee

A person who leaves his or her country and is unwilling to return because of fear of religious, racial, ethnic, political, or some other form of persecution.

Rerum Novarum

The Condition of Labor written by Pope Leo XIII in 1891.

Social Justice

Applies to the Gospel of Jesus Christ to societies, structures, systems, and laws so people's rights are guaranteed.

Temperance

Regulates our sensual appetites.

Theological Virtues

God-given powers that direct us to our loving Triune God.

Virtue

Firm attitudes, stable dispositions, and habitual perfections of the intellect and will that govern our actions, order and passions, and that guide our conduct according to reason and faith.

Prudence

Human reason wedded to truth.

Natural Law

God's plan written into the way He made things. The light of understanding infused in us by God, whereby we understand what must be done and what must be avoided.

Our Social Nature

From the beginning, God made us to be with and for each other. Flows from being made in God's image and likeness.

Society

A group of persons bound together organically by a principle of unity that goes beyond each one of them.

Family

The original cell of social life.

Abortion

The deliberate killing of unborn human life by means of medical or surgical procedures.

Consistent Ethic of Life

The viewpoint of Catholic Social Teaching that calls for the respect of all human life, especially the most defenseless in our midst.

Euthanasia

An act or omission which of itself and by intention causes death, with the purpose of eliminating all suffering.

Ageism

Prejudice exhibited against the elderly because of their age.

Anti-Semitism

Prejudice manifested in word or deed against people of Jewish origin.

Antilocution

Speaking against.

Feminism

The belief that men and women are equal and should be treated equally.

Scapegoating

Blaming an individual or group for something that the individual or group is not responsible.

Sexism

The wrong opinion that one sex is superior to the other by the very nature of things.

Stereotype

An oversimplified generalization.

Affirmative Action

Policy and programs set up to correct past discrimination against members or minorities.

Apartheid

A long-standing policy in South Africa of strict racial segregation.

Brothers and Sisters to Us

An important document of the United States Bishops on racism.

Chicano

A person of Mexican-American heritage.

Katharine Drexel

The founder of the first and only Catholic university for African Americans.

Racism

Awareness of the biologically determined superiority of one's own race or ethnic group.

Catholic Relief Services

The overseas relief agency sponsored by the American bishops.

Catholic Worker

The organization and newspaper founded by Dorothy Day and Peter Maurin.

Corporal Works of Mercy

Feeding the hungry, clothing the naked, and visiting the sick and imprisoned.

Eucharist

Christ-given Sacrament enables Catholics to become the bread of life for others.

Material Poverty

Lack of sufficient material means to meet basic human needs.

Poverty of the Soul

Lack of purpose in life, a sense of hopelessness about any lasting meaning.

Poverty of the Spirit

Totally depend on God.

Capital

Natural resources.

Career

An occupation or profession, followed as one's lifework.

Family Wage

Permits one spouse to work while the other stays home.

Job

Anything a person is expected or obliged to do; duty; responsibility.

Labor

Productive activity, especially for the sake of economic gain.

Profession

A vocation requiring knowledge of some department of learning or science.

Toil

Hard and continuous work; exhausting labor and effort.

Vocation

A particular occupation, business, or profession; calling.

Work

Exertion or effort directed to produce or accomplish something.

St. Joseph

Patron saint of workers.

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