law determining the fundamental political principles of a government
treaty of paris
Peace agreement that officially ended the Revolutionary War and established Britain's formal recognition of the United States
articles of confederation
document that created an association of states while guaranteeing each state its "sovereignty, freedom, and independence"
Plan drafted by James Madison at the constitutional convention that shifted power away from the states and toward the central government.
new jersey plan
The proposal at the Constitutional Convention that called for equal representation of each state in Congress regardless of the state's population
the great compromise
agreement worked out at the constitutional convention; granted each state an equal voice in the upper house of the legislature and representation according to population in the lower house.
the 3/5 compromise
3/5th of the slaves would be counted as people in representation
checks and balances
system established by the constitution; allows for sharing of power among branches of government and prevents any one branch from becoming too powerful.
bill of rights
First 10 amendments of the U.S. Constitution; ratified in 1791.
group that advises the U.S. president, made up of the heads of the executive departments.
philosophy of narrowly interpreting the constitution; holds that the government can do only what the constitution specifically allows.
philosophy of constitutional interpretation; holds that within broad limits the government can do anything the constitution does not specifically forbid.
Protest by farmers in Pennsylvania against new taxes on Whiskey.
treaty of greenville
Agreement between American Indian confederation leaders and the U.S. government that gave the United States much of the land in present-day Ohio and parts of Indiana in exchange for $20,000 worth of goods and formal acknowledgement of Indian claims to other lands.
rebellion begun in 1789 in which the French people overthrew the monarchy and made the country a republic.