10th Grade English (Semester 2) - EVERYTHING

125 terms by marksbury 

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stagnant

(adj.): something that lies inactive or stays in one place

succinct

(adj.): concise; clearly expressed with a few words

surmise

(v.): to infer on minimal grounds; conjecture; suppose

tedious

(adj.): boring; tiresome

terse

(adj.): concise; brief; free of extra words

tirade

(n.): a long and angry speech

undermine

(v.): to weaken the support of; to injure in a slow or sneaky way

verbose

(adj.): wordy

viable

(adj.): workable; capable of living and growing; able to succeed

vilify

(v.): to defame; to slander; to blacken the character of

vivacious

(adj.): lively; spirited

wanton

(adj.): immoral; lewd; deliberate maliciousness; having no regard for others

waver

(v.): to be indecisive or inconstant; to fluctuate in opinion

zealot

(n.): a person with great enthusiasm for and committed to a cause

zenith

(n.): the highest point

pious

(adj.): reverent; devout; dutiful

plausible

(adj.): believable

precept

(n.): a rule or principle to guide conduct

pretentious

(adj.): showy; self-important

prudent

(adj.): careful; cautious

quaint

(adj.): pleasantly old-fashioned

raucous

(adj.): boisterous; harsh sounding; noisy and disorderly

relic

(n.): an object associated with a saint; something that remains from the past

reprehensible

(adj.): deserving of blame

reprove

(v.): to gently criticize

resilient

(adj.): an ability to recover or adjust easily

respite

(n.): an interval of rest; a temporary delay

resplendent

(adj.): brilliant; gloriously bright

servile

(adj.): submissive; behaving like a slave

impassioned

(adj.): emotionally moving; filled with passion; ardent; fervent

adulation

(n.): praise; flattery

affront

(n.): an open, intentional insult; a slight to one's dignity

audacious

(adj.): bold; daring

benevolent

(adj.): inclined to do good; kindly

compunction

(n.): a feeling of slight regret for something done

demeanor

(n.): outward behavior; conduct

despondent

(adj.): discouraged or hopeless

esoteric

(adj.): beyond the understanding of most people; only known by a certain group

ignominious

(adj.): shameful; dishonorable

illiterate

(adj.): not knowing how to read or write

imprudence

(n.): an action taken without judgement or caution; rashness; indiscretion

patronize

(v.): to treat in a condescending manner

segregated

(adj.): separated into racial groups

trepidation

(n.): fearful uncertainty

viscous

(adj.): having a sticky, fluid consistency

attaché

(n.): military officer assigned to an embassy

balk

(v.): to hesitate at doing something

chivalrous

(adj.): courteous or generous toward women

commotion

(n.): disturbance

disarrayed

(adj.): thrown into disorder

discrepancy

(n.): contradiction

ebullient

(adj.): overflowing with excitement

elusive

(adj.): unable to be caught

incongruous

(adj.): out of place

largess

(adj.): generous

linguistics

(n.): the study of languages

myriads

(adj.): in large number

retribution

(n.): punishment

tempestuous

(adj.): resembling a severe storm

unperceived

(adj.): unnoticed

affable

(adj.): friendly or pleasant

cower

(v.): to shrink or hide oneself in fear

dank

(adj.): miserably damp and chilly

deplorable

(adj.): regrettable or terrible

dire

(adj.): dreadful

emanate

(v.): to come from or flow forth

exuberant

(adj.): lively

fervid

(adj.): full of emotion

grotesque

(adj.): not pleasing to the eye

incorruptible

(adj.): not subject to becoming dishonest

impartial

(adj.): showing no favoritism

indolent

(adj.): lazy

palpable

(adj.): capable of being touched

sallow

(adj.): sickly; yellow color

zealous

(adj.): enthusiastically devoted to a certain interest

absolve

(v.): to forgive or free from blame

advocate

(v.): to support or be in favor of (i.e., an action, not a person)

aesthetic

(adj.): concerned with or appreciative of beauty

altruistic

(adj.): concerned for the welfare of others

animosity

(n.): ill will; active dislike

arduous

(adj.): difficult to do; laborious

augment

(v.): to increase or enlarge

austere

(adj.): stern in manner or appearance

aversion

(n.): strong or fixed dislike; a feeling of
repugnance

cache

(n.): a hiding place; something hidden in a
secret place

callous

(adj.): unfeeling and insensitive

censure

(n.): the act of blaming or condemning

chastise

(v.): to punish for the sake of discipline

circumspect

(adj.): careful; thought through

coalesce

(v.): to come together as one; to fuse or
unite

aside

a line spoken by an actor to the audience but not intended for others on the stage

soliloquy

a (usually long) dramatic speech intended to give the illusion of unspoken reflections

iambic pentameter:

a poetic meter that is made up of 5 stressed syllables each followed by an unstressed syllable

blank verse

unrhymed verse written in iambic pentameter

pun

a play on words based on different meanings of words that sound alike

tragicomedy

drama which builds toward a tragic ending but resolves happily

romantic comedy

drama that focuses on love

archetype

A detail, image, or character type that occurs frequently in literature and myth and is thought to appeal in a universal way to the unconscious and to evoke a response

origin myth

A story that explains how something came to exist

aesthetic myth

a myth that is meant to entertain

autobiography

story of a person's life written by that person; can be comprehensive or narrow in focus

biography

an account of the series of events making up a person's life

essay

a short literary composition on a particular theme or subject

true life adventure

true tales of heroic deeds.

subjective writing

influenced by personal feelings; occurring or taking place within the mind

objective writing

writing that presents facts without revealing the writer's feelings and opinions

fiction

a literary work based on the imagination and not necessarily on fact

short story

a shorter work of fiction generally read in one sitting

novel

an extended fictional work focusing on several ideas

characterization

the act of describing distinctive characteristics or essential features

conflict

a struggle between opposing forces

foreshadowing

hints or clues of dangers that lie ahead in the piece of fiction.

irony

incongruity between what might be expected and what actually occurs

verbal irony

occurs when what is said contradicts what is meant or thought; sarcasm

dramatic irony

when a reader is aware of something that a character isn't

situational irony

occurs when the outcome of a work is unexpected, or events turn out to be the opposite from what one had expected

figurative language

communicates ideas beyond the ordinary, literal meaning of words

simile

compares unrelated nouns, usually using the words "like" or "as"

metaphor

an implied comparison that does not use the words like or as

personification

giving human characteristics to inanimate objects, ideas, or animals

hyperbole

an exaggeration for the sake of emphasis, not to be taken literally

alliteration

repetition of the initial letter or sound in two or more words in a line of verse

onomatopoeia

a word that represents or imitates natural sounds

assonance

the similarity or repetition of a vowel sound in two or more words

consonance

the repetition of final consonant sounds within a line of verse

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