an extensive area of level and rolling, treeless country, often covered by rich, fertile soil.
Harrappan civilization started in 3rd or 4th century included a civic system and trade routes no gov't
united by the Nile river gov't extending past the nile stable and long lived because they blended different people
city-states united under Alexander the Great blended their values with those of the other cultures
italian city state grew into an empire lasted for 1000 years and was the foundation of the western worlds culture language and laws
a series of military expeditions in the 11th, 12th, and 13th centuries by Westrn European Christians to reclain control of the Holy Lands from the Muslims
Charles the Great
created an empire, Frankish King aka Charlemagne crowned Holy Roman Emperor (r. 768-814 AD) most powerful Carolingian, phenomenal energy, and great military achievement
attempt to reform the catholic church led to the seperation of it in 1517 and the rise of new religiona
rebirth of France with a renewed interest in Greek, Latin art, literature and philosophy from 14-16 th century
begin with the first cotton mill in 1733, steam engine, factories. child labor laws being
men from france succeeded in going out to other placing and being the founders of different lands
Ponce De Leon
establishes the oldest european settlement in PR and found St Augustine lookn for the fountain of youth
traits of an empire
a strong military, centralized govt, control and standardization of commerce, money, taxes; a weight system and an official language
Connecticut, Delaware, Georgia Massachutes, Maryland, New Hampshire, New York, New Jersey, North Carolina, Pennsyvania, Rhode Island, South Carolina, Virginia
reasons for the rebellion==> American Rev
ppl considered themselves American not english, 7 yr war they were treated as inferiors in the British Army, didnt want ANglincans to take religious control, Taxation, no representation for colonies,
groups/events that contributed the revolution
Sons of liberty, Boston Massacre, Committess of Correspondance, the boston tea party, first contenental congress
Turing Point of the revolution
common sense, DOI, Alliance with France, Treaty of Paris, 2nd continental congress
Alliance with France
Benjamin Franklin's negotiation with france to fight with the americans in 1778
Treaty of Paris
officially ended the war and granted independence to the colonies and gave the territorial rights
what happened at the 1787 convention?
a new constitution was written that included the 3 branches of government
written by James Madison, John Jay, and Alexander Hamilton it xplained the federalist platform
Thomas Jeffersons "greatest accomplishment" even though it was a very federalist action and he was an antifederalist. 1803 for 15million
The compromise of 1812
allowed those who lived in Mexican Session to decide whether to be free or slave territories
War of 1812
War between the U.S. and Great Britain which lasted until 1814, ending with the Treaty of Ghent and a renewed sense of American nationalism
Treaty of Ghent
December 24, 1814 - Ended the War of 1812 and restored the status quo. For the most part, territory captured in the war was returned to the original owner. It also set up a commission to determine the disputed Canada/U.S. border.
A statement of foreign policy which proclaimed that Europe should not interfere in affairs within the United States or in the development of other countries in the Western Hemisphere or war would happen
indian removal act
removed indians from southern states and put them on reservations in the Oklahoma
North and South carolina, Virginia, Florida, Mississippi. Alabama, Lousisana, Texas, Tennessee. President JD
the period after the Civil War in the United States when the southern states were reorganized and reintegrated into the Union
Period of reform from 1890s-1920s. Opposed waste and corruption while focusing on the general rights of the individual. Pushed for social justice, general equality, and public safety. Significants in this movement included trust-busting, Sherman Anti-trust Act, President Theodore Roosevelt, Pure Food and Drug Act and Meat Inspection Act of 1906.`
Spanish American War
War fought between the US and Spain in Cuba and the Philippines. It lasted less than 3 months and resulted in Cuba's independence as well as the US annexing Puerto Rico, Guam, and the Philippines.
World War 1
War fought from 1914 to 1918 between the Central and Allied Powers. The United States joined the Allied Powers in 1917, helping them to victory.
World War II
War fought from 1939 to 1945 between the Allies and the Axis, involving most countries in the world. The United States joined the Allies in 1941, helping them to victory.
President Truman's policy of providing economic and military aid to any country threatened by communism or totalitarian ideology. protection against oppression
A plan that the US came up with to revive war-torn economies of Europe. This plan offered $13 billion in aid to western and Southern Europe.
organization of American States
international organization that promotes peace and economic progress in the Americas
blockaded east germany from american supplies. americans bypassed by air-lifting goods to the germans
The conflict between Communist North Korea and Non-Communist South Korea. The United Nations (led by the United States) helped South Korea.
Cuban Missile Crisis
the 1962 confrontation bewteen US and the Soviet Union over Soviet missiles in Cuba
a prolonged war (1954-1975) between the communist armies of North Vietnam who were supported by the Chinese and the non-communist armies of South Vietnam who were supported by the United States
6 basic principles of the constitution
popular sovereignty, limited government, separation of powers, checks and balance, judicial review, federalism
Bill of rights
a statement of fundamental rights and privileges (especially the first ten amendments to the United States Constitution)
a 3-minute address by Abraham Lincoln during the American Civil War (November 19, 1963) at the dedication of a national cemetery on the site of the Battle of Gettysburg
(1918) President Woodrow Wilson's plan for organizing post World War I Europe and for avoiding future wars.
address to congress
Woodrow Wilson, persuading Congress to enter WWI, help German people from German govt.
JFK June 26, 1963 expressed empathy for Berlin in their conflict with the Soviet Union
Ronald Reagan June 12, 1987 about the Berlin wall and the end of the cold war "tear this wall down"
employment act of 1946
Enacted by Truman, it committed the federal government to ensuring economic growth and established the Council of Economic Advisors to confer with the president and formulate policies for maintaining employment, production, and purchasing power
characteristics of a market economy
FLIPC- economic Freedom, Limited govt, economic Incentives, Competition, Private ownership