how did the US gain control of the panama canal?
by backing the the revolution of panama against columbia
The monroe doctrine?
stated the us domination of the western hemisphere
The result of the tokugawa family taking control of Japan?
Japan practiced isolation and seclusion
What was the purpose of the open door policy?
to carve up china among european powers
How did the catholic and protestant missionaries feel about about the natives in the countries?
saw them as children in need of guidance
4 reasons for imperialism?
Economic- natural resources and markets
Political and army- refueling stations around the world
Religious- missionaries wanted to save souls
Social Darwinism- european superior race was elevate inferior races
Social Darwinism justification for Imperialism
westerners thought they had a duty to civilizations to inferior races
The first settlers of Australia?
The group that led the revolution in russia and their leader?
Bolshiveks and V.I.lenin
The event that directly started world war 1 and the event that pushed britain into the war?
Assasination of Francis Ferdinand and german invasion of belgium
Main point of Woodrow Wilson's fourteen points?
4 causes of world war 1?
Imperialsim: countries were competing for over seas empires.
militarism: the countries were building up militaries
Nationalism: extreme love for ones country
system of alliances: turned vocal conflict into world war one
why russia entered the war?
wanted to defend slavic people in serbia
The president of the US during WW1
The major focus of the treaty of Versallies
germany was blamed for everything and had to pay 30 nillion dollars in reperations
why a stalemate developed on the western front?
Trench warfare making either said unable to gain an advantage
Sun Yat Sen
president of chinese republic he based rules on 13 principles
The causes of economic troubles around the world in 1920's and 30's?
reduction of production
goods raised tariffs
Type of government putin place by mussolini in italy in the 1920's?
Reason behind stalins great purge?
wanted to eliminate rivals
The goal of island hopping?
US gradually moved towards japan
The big three and their countires
churchill and britain
roosevelt and US
Stalin and USSR
Reasons appeasment used with hitler?
france was demoralized and unable to stand against germany
Britain didn't want to fight another way
They thought hitler would chick communism
Reason natzi's lost world war one
Germany fought on many fronts
hitler made band military decisions
Us produced twice as many goods as axis countries
Allied bombing destroyed ability to produce neccessary goods
Why the japanese attacked Us at pearl harbor?
Us placed an embargo on japan blocking importation on steel oil and iron.
Why hitler invaded the soviet union?
natural resources and destroy communism
The idea of the truman doctrine?
Containment f communism: to invade japan with troops of use the atomic bomb
What the USSR did when germany invaded Poland?
attacked poland from the east as part of the natzi soviet pact
ho chi minh
communist leader of north vietnam in vietnam war
leader of cuban revolution
leader of the USSR after stalin
Mao Zedong and his programs and thier results
leader of china for 25 years after the cold war
the great leap forward and cultural revolution and they both failed economy slowed millions died
2 super powers countries results
Democracy us and nato
communist ussr and warsaw pact
country that us allies with north korea?
Reasons USSR collapsed
had to spend money to have control in eastern europe
people demanded more freedom
command economy of the ussr gave no incentive to work
USSR spent money on nuclear arms race instead of other matters
war with afghanistan weakened morales
The reason us established relations with China?
after the cold war what type of economic system moved in?
Political movement and force of cambodian communist guerillas that gained power in cambodia communist dictatorship started genocide in cambodia
Result of tet offensive?
Americans public opinions changed against the war
3 obstacles in israel
land claims- palestinians who were forced off their land want the right of return and israel opposes them
West bank- occupied by jewish settlers and the palestinians want this land returned to them like the gaza strip was
Jerusalem- this city if sacred to christians jews and muslims capital of israel and palestine wants the control of east jerusalem as their capital
President in zambabwe grew more and more opressive
leader of the ANC and went underground after sharpville massacre later pres. of south africa
egyptian leader who was a assasinated when he signed a treaty with israel
Sadat's succecsor people organized to resist him in 2011
leader of nationalist freedom movement in kenya
how the europeans drew up borders in africa and why this was a problem?
Cut borders without paying attention to athnicity and culture people were more loyal to thier ethnic groups
the minority group that recieved harsh treatment in iraq and turkey
how the jews and arabs reacted to the un's plan to give landin israel
jews accepted plan palestinians did not
why the us invaded iraq in 1990 and 2003
1990 iraq invaded kuwait
2003 thought iraq had WMDs
Who was killed in the genocide at defur 2 groups involved?
non-musslims and hutus and tutsies
the terms of the oslo accord
gave west band and gaza strip limited south rule under palestine authority
Reason opec stopped shipping oil to the west
us placed an embargo on people that supported israel and yom kippur war
Reason african nation began switching to democrazy?
imf and world bank demanded democracy and countries they gave loans to
the goal od the us in the middle east?
access to oil